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Helen J. Moore, Catherine A. Nixon, Amelia A. Lake, Wayne Douthwaite, Claire L. O’Malley, Claire L. Pedley, Carolyn D. Summerbell and Ashley C. Routen


Evidence suggests that many contemporary urban environments do not support healthy lifestyle choices and are implicated in the obesity pandemic. Middlesbrough, in the northeast of England is one such environment and a prime target for investigation.


To measure physical activity (PA) levels in a sample of 28 adolescents (aged 11 to 14 years) and describe the environmental context of their activity and explore where they are most and least active over a 7-day period, accelerometry and Global Positioning System (GPS) technology were used. Twenty-five of these participants also took part in focus groups about their experiences and perceptions of PA engagement.


Findings indicated that all participants were relatively inactive throughout the observed period although bouts of moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) were identified in 4 contexts: school, home, street, and rural/urban green spaces, with MVPA levels highest in the school setting. Providing access to local facilities and services (such as leisure centers) is not in itself sufficient to engage adolescents in MVPA.


Factors influencing engagement in MVPA were identified within and across contexts, including ‘time’ as both a facilitator and barrier, perceptions of ‘gendered’ PA, and the social influences of peer groups and family members.

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Richard J. Buning and Heather J. Gibson

Utilizing a social worlds perspective, the study examined active-sport-event travel career progression in the sport of cycling. Event travel careers are considered potentially lifelong patterns of travel to participate in events that evolve through stages with distinct behaviors and motivations. Quantitative methods were used to test tenets of an inductively derived model of the active-sport-event travel career for cyclists. An international sample of cyclists were surveyed online; N = 1,452 responded. Using general linear modeling, the results depicted an escalation in motivation related to intellectual, social, mastery competence, giving back, and competition against others with career progression. However, while travel behavior related to preferred events characteristics changed with career progression, preferred characteristics related to destinations and travel style remained relatively stagnant. Implications for destination and event management are discussed.

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Tara K. Scanlan, David G. Russell, T. Michelle Magyar and Larry A. Scanlan

The Sport Commitment Model was further tested using the Scanlan Collaborative Interview Method to examine its generalizability to New Zealand’s elite female amateur netball team, the Silver Ferns. Results supported or clarified Sport Commitment Model predictions, revealed avenues for model expansion, and elucidated the functions of perceived competence and enjoyment in the commitment process. A comparison and contrast of the in-depth interview data from the Silver Ferns with previous interview data from a comparable elite team of amateur male athletes allowed assessment of model external validity, tested the generalizability of the underlying mechanisms, and separated gender differences from discrepancies that simply reflected team or idiosyncratic differences.

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Sheena S. Philip, Joy C. Macdermid, Saranya Nair, Dave Walton and Ruby Grewal

. This mixed method analysis will capture the risk factors for DRF from multiple dimensions, including patient perception. Objective To describe the factors that lead to a DRF, considering age, gender, mechanism of fracture, work status, and patient perception. Methods Ethics The study was reviewed and

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Mark Dottori, Guy Faulkner, Ryan Rhodes, Norm O’Reilly, Leigh Vanderloo and Gashaw Abeza

public. In this regard, the study at hand facilitates the production of empirical data to better understand how sport communicators can effectively communicate health-related messages. Method This research adopted a case-study method using a sequential explanatory mixed-method design. The first phase of

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Jessica Ross and Peter D. MacIntyre

mixed methods approach—specifically a sequential explanatory design ( Creswell, Plano Clark, Gutmann, & Hanson, 2003 ). Using this strategy, research takes place in two phases. First, quantitative data is collected and analyzed. Based on the results of the data analysis, a qualitative phase is

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Cassandra J. de Lacy-Vawdon, Ruth Klein, Joanna Schwarzman, Genevieve Nolan, Renee de Silva, David Menzies and Ben J. Smith

features (e.g., intensity, location, type) but did not examine leader or social factors ( Hong, Hughes, & Prohaska, 2008 ). A recent mixed-methods review investigated factors associated with adherence to community-based group PA among older people in programs of 6 months’ duration or longer, however the

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Juliana Souza de Oliveira, Catherine Sherrington, Louise Rowling and Anne Tiedemann

associated with more frequent Strong Seniors class attendance. Methods Study Design and Participants We used a self-report survey and conducted a mixed-methods study among current Strong Seniors program participants. Study recruitment flyers were circulated via an e-mail list and also posted on a

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Beth A. Cianfrone, Jessica R. Braunstein-Minkove and Alyssa L. Tavormina

effective use of daily deals? RQ3 : For sport organizations, what are the benefits of using daily deals? RQ4 : For sport organizations, what are the challenges of using daily deals? Method To provide a comprehensive exploratory examination of sport organizations’ use of daily deals, we employed a mixed-method

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Chelsee A. Shortt, Collin A. Webster, Richard J. Keegan, Cate A. Egan and Ali S. Brian

, can offer a superior methodology over the traditional Delphi ( Averch, 2004 ). In this study, we used a sequential, mixed methods (see Figure  1 ), modified e-Delphi research design, which approaches data collection and analysis in phases with each phase informing the next ( Onwuegbuzie & Johnson