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Claire A. Molinari, Florent Palacin, Luc Poinsard and Véronique L. Billat

adjust their speed as a function of the remaining anaerobic capacity reserve. 43 The latter finding demonstrated that runners are able to adjust their effort by varying their running speed according to perceived effort. We recently found that recreational runners were able to adjust their acceleration

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Michal Botek, Jakub Krejčí, Andrew J. McKune and Barbora Sládečková

trivial effect on postrace RPE, suggesting that increased race intensity was not accompanied by increased perceived effort. These findings are in line with a recently published study in which perceptual strain at an exercise intensity of 4 W·kg −1 for 8 minutes was lower after acute preexercise HRW

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Marni J. Simpson, David G. Jenkins, Aaron T. Scanlan and Vincent G. Kelly

requires whole-body movement to rapidly decelerate, initiate the turn or cut, and rapidly accelerate in quick succession; the mechanical stress underpinning this process likely leads to direct increases in perceived effort during netball activity. 24 Consequently, it is not surprising that large

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Stacey Alvarez-Alvarado, Graig M. Chow, Nicole T. Gabana, Robert C. Hickner and Gershon Tenenbaum

than a passive view of perceptions. The effort-related attention model, which builds on Rejeski’s ( 1985 ) parallel-processing model, views attention allocation as an imperative mediator between physical workload and perceived effort/exertion ( Tenenbaum, 2001 ). Specifically, during low physical

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Pedro L. Valenzuela, Carlos Amo, Guillermo Sánchez-Martínez, Elaia Torrontegi, Javier Vázquez-Carrión, Zigor Montalvo, Alejandro Lucia and Pedro de la Villa

, elbow flexion), 7 and only in recent years, its effects on whole-body dynamic exercise (ie, cycling) have been tested. 7 Some benefits of tDCS have been reported, such as improvements in performance itself (eg, power output or time to exhaustion) or decreases in the perceived effort for a given

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Filipe M. Clemente, Ana F. Silva, Cain C.T. Clark, Daniele Conte, João Ribeiro, Bruno Mendes and Ricardo Lima

league in the season. All the players were monitored for perceived effort and well-being status throughout the season, incorporated into their daily routines. The players were monitored over 36 consecutive weeks, including 237 training sessions and 37 official matches. For each week, the inclusion

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Gavriil G. Arsoniadis, Gregory C. Bogdanis, Gerasimos Terzis and Argyris G. Toubekis

increased anaerobic contribution and induced higher perceived effort, as indicated by the higher BL concentration and RPE. The last observation highlights the importance to consider the interplay of both biomechanical and physiological alterations during training as these are interconnected in order to

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Timothy M. Wohlfert and Kevin C. Miller

the Search Strategy • P atient/Client group: Exercising humans • I ntervention/Assessment: PC with whole-body CWI • C omparator: Exercising humans who were not precooled before exercise • O utcome: TS, RPE, or perceived effort during exercise Sources of Evidence Searched • PubMed • CINAHL • Cochrane

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Darren J. Paul, Gustavo Tomazoli and George P. Nassis

a method to identify the player’s readiness prior to an upcoming session, rather than making inferences based on the previous days’ rate of exertion. Indeed, using overall perceived effort (as deduced from RPE) might represent an oversimplification of the psychophysiological construct, which in turn

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Alister McCormick, Carla Meijen and Samuele Marcora

aim was to highlight psychological aspects of participating in an ultramarathon, such as preevent and postevent emotions, encountered stressors, and the intensities of perceived effort, exercise-induced muscle pain, and injury pain experienced over the course of an ultramarathon. As well as helping