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Jordan Andre Martenstyn, Lauren Powell, Natasha Nassar, Mark Hamer and Emmanuel Stamatakis

question about perceived effort during sports, they did not measure PA volume. 16 To our knowledge, no study has compared mortality risk estimates derived from absolute and corrected METs. The aim of this study was to compare these 2 intensity-weighted PA volume estimation methods (absolute vs corrected

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Corrado Lupo, Alexandru Nicolae Ungureanu, Riccardo Frati, Matteo Panichi, Simone Grillo and Paolo Riccardo Brustio

been speculated that the practice of open skill exercises, in general, and the high level of focus on the opponents’ actions, in particular, lead players to perceive efforts as less demanding. 10 Coherently to this finding, youth water polo players showed higher correlations between Edwards’ and

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Simon A. Feros, Warren B. Young and Brendan J. O’Brien

mean ball-release speed exhibit excellent reliability and high sensitivity. Delivery rating of perceived effort was deemed to have acceptable reliability, while mean radial error, bivariate variable error, and variability of ball-release speed possessed poor reliability and low sensitivity

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Timothy Martinson, Stephen A. Butterfield, Craig A. Mason, Shihfen Tu, Robert A. Lehnhard and Christopher J. Nightingale

are common struggles for adolescents with ADHD) have been shown to negatively affect executive function ( 19 ). O’Neill and Douglas ( 13 ) reported that students with ADHD often choose strategies based on the perceived effort required to execute task and behavioral strategies—typically avoiding

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Stephen P. Bailey, Julie Hibbard, Darrin La Forge, Madison Mitchell, Bart Roelands, G. Keith Harris and Stephen Folger

Although the design of this investigation does not have the ability to determine if perceived effort or reward is impacted by the CHO MR, the increase in MEPs following all 3 CHO MR suggests that corticospinal activity is increased. These findings are similar to those of Gant et al, 3 who found that TMS

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Zackary S. Cicone, Oleg A. Sinelnikov and Michael R. Esco

directed through a pneumotachometer via flexible plastic tubing. Borg’s rating of perceived exertion (RPE) scale ( 4 ) was used to assess perceived effort at the end of each stage. Criteria for attaining a maximal effort in adolescents are not as well defined as those for adults due to different

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Enrique Colino, Jorge Garcia-Unanue, Leonor Gallardo, Carl Foster, Alejandro Lucia and Jose Luis Felipe

also tended to be higher, although differences did not exhibit statistical significance. Regarding the asphalt versus tartan comparison, statistical significance in RPE and small-to-large ES values in HR suggest that trials performed on the tartan required lower physiological stress and perceived

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Matt Greig

of the forward kicking motion, and greater reliance on thigh rotation during the forward kicking motion were observed. These changes suggest greater mechanical effort, or at least perceived effort, to maintain performance in the fatigued state. Kicking is a primary mechanism for muscle strain injury

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Tim Op De Beéck, Arne Jaspers, Michel S. Brink, Wouter G.P. Frencken, Filip Staes, Jesse J. Davis and Werner F. Helsen

matches using the sRPE method. 11 In order to ensure that the perceived effort would reflect the session in total, rather than the most recent exercise intensity, each player was separately asked 30 minutes after every training session or match to rate his perceived exertion using a category ratio scale

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Thomas Reeve, Ralph Gordon, Paul B. Laursen, Jason K.W. Lee and Christopher J. Tyler

, greater electrolyte reabsorption facilitated by increases in aldosterone) and perceptual adaptations (eg, lower perceived effort and thermal comfort). 3 , 4 The extent to which these adaptations to heat occur depends on the magnitude of the thermal impulse, which in turn depends on the intensity