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Andrew Cox, Marcie B. Fyock-Martin and Joel R. Martin

patients may benefit from alternative methods to decrease the impact of detraining and reduced activity on cardiovascular fitness. Aside from aerobic training, exposure to high altitudes has been shown to cause physiological adaptations leading to an increase in VO 2 max. 3 Since 1968 when the summer

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Erin L. McCleave, Katie M. Slattery, Rob Duffield, Philo U. Saunders, Avish P. Sharma, Stephen Crowcroft and Aaron J. Coutts

similar adaptive response pathways, 7 investigators have recently explored the potential additive effect of combining heat and hypoxia to enlarge physiological adaptations and delay the decay of these responses. 2 , 8 An initial study in team sport athletes combined heat training and “Live High, Train

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Cyril Schmit, Rob Duffield, Christophe Hausswirth, Jeanick Brisswalter and Yann Le Meur

response. Heat Acclimation and Endurance Performance A key outcome of any HA protocol is to ensure appropriate psycho-physiological adaptations to the heat. 21 In the present study, physiological adaptations were comparable with expected HA-related changes in exercise responses. For example, small

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Dustin J. Oranchuk, Eric J. Drinkwater, Riki S. Lindsay, Eric R. Helms, Eric T. Harbour and Adam G. Storey

arms to the barbell, enabling greater force and power production. 20 Routine training with increases in force and power lead to greater physiological adaptations that may benefit sports performance. 4 , 6 , 21 Although many coaches and athletes tend to utilize training methodologies from experts, few

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Alice M. Wallett, Amy L. Woods, Nathan Versey, Laura A. Garvican-Lewis, Marijke Welvaert and Kevin G. Thompson

generally incorporate a period of recovery following intensified training to foster physiological adaptations, with the ultimate aim of leading to an overall improvement in performance. The primary aim of this study was to determine whether a period of intensified endurance training (a mesocycle) would

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Tomás Chacón Torrealba, Jaime Aranda Araya, Nicolas Benoit and Louise Deldicque

Sports Athletes’ performance and physiological adaptation: a systematic review . J Strength Cond Res . 2019 ; 33 ( 1 ): 242 – 252 . PubMed ID: 30431531 doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000002957 30431531 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002957 8. Little JP , Safdar A , Bishop D , Tarnopolsky MA , Gibala MJ

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Nicolas Berryman, Iñigo Mujika and Laurent Bosquet

referred to the residual fatigue induced by AT, leading to a reduced ability to develop tension during the strength-training component, the chronic hypothesis stated that the interference was due to different physiological adaptations (eg, muscle activation, muscle fiber type, hypertrophy, glycogen stores

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Nick Dobbin, Jamie Highton, Samantha L. Moss and Craig Twist

. Whether the inclusion of an up/down action has any effect on physiological adaptation and responses to SIT remains unknown and warrants investigation given its association with running performance in rugby. 14 Finally, it is important to consider players’ ability to tolerate in-season SIT to ensure this

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Christopher J. Stevens, Megan L.R. Ross, Amelia J. Carr, Brent Vallance, Russ Best, Charles Urwin, Julien D. Périard and Louise Burke

artificial hot/humid environment, respectively). 8 HA improves endurance performance in outdoor 9 and laboratory 10 environments, with a meta-analysis demonstrating a mean performance improvement of ∼7% in endurance time-trial protocols across 27 studies. 11 The physiological adaptations underlying these

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Francesco Campa, Hannes Gatterer, Henry Lukaski and Stefania Toselli

vector length is inversely related to total body water, 5 this should indicate fluid gain. Obviously, this immediate shift is caused by the mentioned physiological adaptations during exercise, as the slightly reduced body weight indicates body fluid loss due to sweating. Accordingly, after the shower