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Lee Smith, Brendon Stubbs, L. Hu, Nicola Veronese, Davy Vancampfort, Genevieve Williams, Domenico Vicinanza, Sarah E. Jackson, Li Ying, Guillermo F. López-Sánchez and Lin Yang

sample to triglyceride values less than or equal to 400 mg/dL for validity. 22 Sociodemographic Characteristics Sociodemographic characteristics, including age, gender, race and ethnicity, education, marital status, smoking and drinking behavior, ratio of family income to poverty, employment status, and

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Namkee G. Choi, Diana M. DiNitto, John E. Sullivan and Bryan Y. Choi

) education (bachelor’s degree vs. no degree); (e) work status within the past year (worked vs. did not work); (f) living arrangement (living alone vs. not living alone); and (g) ratio of family income to official U.S. poverty threshold (<200%, 200–399%, >400%, and missing). Comorbidities and other health

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Justin A. Haegele, Carrie J. Aigner and Sean Healy

Statistics for Model Variables by Children and Adolescents Children (age 6–12 years) Adolescents (age 13–17 years) Visual Impairment Visual Impairment No ( n  = 28,249,833) Yes ( n  = 472,127) p No ( n  = 20,072,557) Yes ( n  = 505,401) p Sex (male) 50.93 61.25 .09 51.40 41.11 .16 Poverty level of household

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Margaret McGladrey, Angela Carman, Christy Nuetzman and Nicole Peritore

with high poverty levels often experienced by rural residents can result in high levels of obesity and higher than average rates of chronic diseases, such as cancer and diabetes. 1 – 4 Addressing issues as complex as physical activity barriers in rural areas requires a multifaceted approach with

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Sarah Oxford and Fiona McLachlan

of health and education) limits them to serve others ( Rodriguez, 2001 drawing from Lagarde, 1990 ). In the 1990s, the illicit drug industry shaped beauty standards, resulting in the creation of the term narco-estetica . In pursuit of escaping poverty, young women coupled with narco

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Andrea Richardson, Bing Han, Stephanie Williamson and Deborah Cohen

retrieved directly from the city’s Department of Recreation and Parks or from their website. We selected parks to avoid parks in close proximity (<1 mile from each other) and to ensure distributions of chosen parks were similar with regard to sizes and local poverty rates for all neighborhood parks within

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Alan Klein

much of the time since the 1960s, the media has seized on the statistics showing Pine Ridge to be the poorest place in North America with alarming rates of just about every poverty-related index, e.g., illness (e.g., diabetes, heart disease); economic privation (unemployment, poverty index); or social

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Simon C. Darnell, Richard Giulianotti, P. David Howe and Holly Collison

power exerted significant influence over the development process, to the point that poverty reduction—its ostensible goal—was reduced to something of a social and political placeholder. 2 Intentionally or not, work like Ferguson’s demonstrated an affinity with the emerging field of Actor Network Theory

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Dawn Anderson-Butcher

suggest that 385 million children worldwide live in extreme poverty ( Newhouse, Suarez-Becerra, & Evans, 2016 ), and 250 million live in countries affected by conflict ( Rueckert, 2019 ). Forty-one percent of youth experience food insecurity ( Pereira, Handa, & Holmqvist, 2017 ), and more than 50% of

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Gina M. McCaskill, Olivio J. Clay, Peng Li, Richard E. Kennedy, Kathryn L. Burgio and Cynthia J. Brown

,000, which was based on poverty guidelines at the time of the initial study ( U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 ). Participants were asked how many individuals lived in their home. Geographic locations were defined as either rural or urban according to the Alabama Rural Health Association ( 1998 ). Body mass index