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Jamie Cleland, Keith Parry and David Radford

Strait Islanders playing in the AFL (the 2016 national Census estimated that the Indigenous population was 3.3 percent compared to 10 percent who play in the AFL), attitudes and behavior towards them by some fans continues to reflect racial difference. As a result, racial hierarchies and social divisions

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Jennifer P. Agans, Oliver W.A. Wilson and Melissa Bopp

among men and women and among individuals of different races. 23 – 25 Gendered differences in preferences for strength and competition versus cardio and group exercise have also been observed, 26 as have racial differences in the predictive power of exercise intentions and perceived behavioral control

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Steve Booth Marston

, a complex and ostensibly contradictory process through which racial difference is reinscribed ( Carrington, 2010 , p. 81; Jackson, 2006 ; Leonard, 2009 , p. 186). Hoberman ( 1997 ) has described as “racial folklore” sport’s perpetuation of the “naturally” athletic and threatening Black male, which

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Mark Dyreson

from Northern and Western Europe, while ranking other groups on the lower rungs of a complex ladder of human development. These cartographies of racial difference generally leapt from calculations of physical difference to computations of cultural superiority, asserting that superior physical dynamism

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David Eitle, Steven Swinford and Abagail Klonsinski

rates of IPV ( Catalano, 2008 ; Rennison & Planty, 2003 ; Tjaden & Thoennes, 2000 ), while other studies have failed to find racial differences ( Cho, 2012 ). While our study suggests that Blacks have a higher likelihood of participating in IPV, socioeconomic disadvantages in childhood may be the

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Sarah Barnes

dull. Yet a closer examination highlights a familiar pattern. Ideas about sleep naturalize and reinscribe racial difference; NBA players who fail to sleep in what is regarded as a responsible manner are demonized. Whether NBA players sleep 12 hr a night or whether they fall short of new rest

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Kathryn Henne and Madeleine Pape

” ( Dreger & Herndon, 2009 , p. 200), the history of intersex as an object of clinical and scientific knowledge is tied to the colonial production of racial difference. As Magubane ( 2014 ) demonstrates, the emergence of intersex as a clinical condition entailed its construction as a predominantly non

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Kerry R. McGannon and Ted M. Butryn

” and “equality for all” during difficult times. Diversity in this sense functioned as an ideology that reinforced color-blind racism, as it further enabled owners to pay lip service to racial difference and appear supportive, without naming the injustices directly or finding resolutions (i

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Banu Unver, Emin Ulas Erdem and Eda Akbas

. 2010 ; 49 ( 4 ): 363 – 368 . PubMed ID: 20537928 doi:10.1053/j.jfas.2010.04.001 10.1053/j.jfas.2010.04.001 20537928 3. Golightly YM , Hannan MT , Dufour AB , Jordan JM . Racial differences in foot disorders and foot type . Arthritis Care Res . 2012 ; 64 ( 11 ): 1756 – 1759 . doi:10

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Gregory Knell, Deborah Salvo, Kerem Shuval, Casey Durand, Harold W. Kohl III and Kelley P. Gabriel

). However, recent technological advances now allow for mail-based delivery and collection of behavioral measures (e.g., accelerometry for physical activity assessment) in large epidemiological studies ( Lee & Shiroma, 2014 ). For example, beginning in the early 2000s, the Reasons for Geographic and Racial