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Danny Lum and Tiago M. Barbosa

meta-analysis providing an estimate of the contributions by several factors to the improvement in OTBS time-trial performance (such as age, training status, and duration of training program). Methods Literature Search A systematic search of randomized controlled trials on the effects of strength

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Silvia Varela, José M. Cancela, Manuel Seijo-Martinez and Carlos Ayán

.R.L. , Coley , N. , Moll van Charante , E.P. , van Gool , W.A. , Richard , E. , & Andrieu , S. ( 2017 ). Determinants of dropout and nonadherence in a dementia prevention randomized controlled trial: The prevention of dementia by intensive vascular care trial . Journal of the American Geriatrics

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Pedro Lopez, Mikel Izquierdo, Regis Radaelli, Graciele Sbruzzi, Rafael Grazioli, Ronei Silveira Pinto and Eduardo Lusa Cadore

). Designing randomized, controlled trials aimed at preventing or delaying functional decline and disability in frail, older persons: A consensus report . Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 52 , 625 – 634 . PubMed ID: 15066083 doi:10.1111/j.1532-5415.2004.52174.x 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2004.52174.x

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Wei Sun, Xiujie Ma, Lin Wang, Cui Zhang, Qipeng Song, Houxin Gu and Dewei Mao

Study Design A randomized controlled trial was designed to compare the effects of TCC and BW exercises on balance with SLS during a 16-week training program. Both TCC and BW groups participated in a 60-min moderate-intensity intervention exercise for at least five sessions weekly for 16 weeks. Balance

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Waynne F. Faria, Filipe R. Mendonça, Géssika C. Santos, Sarah G. Kennedy, Rui G.M. Elias and Antonio Stabelini Neto

training (RT) is effective in reducing the incidence of cardiovascular risk factors ( 1 , 42 ). A systematic review conducted with randomized controlled trials in the pediatric population reported that moderate-intensity continuous training combined with resistance training (MICT + RT) is more effective to

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Alexei Wong, Arturo Figueroa, Marcos A. Sanchez-Gonzalez, Won-Mok Son, Oksana Chernykh and Song-Young Park

. References Astin , J.A. , Berman , B.M. , Bausell , B. , Lee , W.L. , Hochberg , M. , & Forys , K.L. ( 2003 ). The efficacy of mindfulness meditation plus Qigong movement therapy in the treatment of fibromyalgia: A randomized controlled trial . Journal of Rheumatology, 30 ( 10 ), 2257 – 2262

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Jared D. Ramer, María E. Santiago-Rodríguez, Catherine L. Davis, David X. Marquez, Stacy L. Frazier and Eduardo E. Bustamante

randomized controlled trial assigned African American children with ADHD and/or DBD to a 10-week aerobic exercise program (PA) or a similar, but sedentary, attention control (AC) program with the same duration, staff, rules, routines, reinforcements, and school setting. We hypothesized that (1) children

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Mads S. Larsen, Dagmar Clausen, Astrid Ank Jørgensen, Ulla R. Mikkelsen and Mette Hansen

synthesis rates in healthy older men: A randomized controlled trial . Journal of Nutrition, 147 ( 12 ), 2252 – 2261 . PubMed ID: 28855419 doi:10.3945/jn.117.254532 10.3945/jn.117.254532 Levenhagen , D.K. , Carr , C. , Carlson , M.G. , Maron , D.J. , Borel , M.J. , & Flakoll , P.J. ( 2002

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Francini Vilela Novais, Eduardo J. Simoes, Chester Schmaltz and Luiz R. Ramos

in general practice for physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption and diet in elderly: a randomized controlled trial . Arch Gerontol Geriatr . 2014 ; 58 ( 1 ): 160 – 169 . PubMed ID: 24012131 doi:10.1016/j.archger.2013.08.007 10.1016/j.archger.2013.08.007 24012131 40. Grandes G , Sanchez

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Alison Crosbie

Objective

Asthma is a leading cause of chronic illness in children, impacting heavily on their daily life and participation in physical activity. The purpose of this systematic review was to investigate the evidence for the use of physical therapy to improve pulmonary function and aerobic capacity in children with asthma. Furthermore, the review aims to update previous literature on the effect of exercise on health related quality of life.

Methods

A search was conducted for randomized control trials (RCTs) using the electronic databases Medline, Embase, SPORTDiscus, AMED, CINAHL, and The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Studies were included if the participants were asthmatic children aged 6–18 years participating in any mode of physical exercise. Studies were reviewed for study quality, participant details, exercise intervention details, and intervention outcomes.

Results

A total of 16 studies and 516 subjects met inclusion criteria for review. Severity of asthma ranged from mild to severe. No improvement in pulmonary function was observed. Physical training led to an increase in aerobic capacity as measured by VO2max (mL/kg/min).

Conclusions

Findings suggest that physical training does not improve pulmonary function in children with asthma, but does increase aerobic capacity. The small number of studies investigating quality of life suggests that physical training does improve health related quality of life; however further well designed randomized control trials are needed to verify these findings.