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Kelsey Dow, Robert Pritchett, Karen Roemer and Kelly Pritchett

Commercial “carbohydrate-replacement” beverages (sports drinks), which contain added carbohydrate to aid in muscle glycogen resynthesis, are commonly used as part of post-exercise recovery routines. Recently, studies have suggested that low-fat chocolate milk is an effective post-exercise recovery

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Stephan R. Fisher, Justin H. Rigby, Joni A. Mettler and Kevin W. McCurdy

regulatory factors, and increases the formation of new red blood cells locally. 2 These effects make PBMT a valuable treatment option for muscle recovery; however, PBMT has not become a mainstream tool for muscle recovery in clinical practice. For decades, cryotherapy has been a popular modality for

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Ryan D. Henke, Savana M. Kettner, Stephanie M. Jensen, Augustus C.K. Greife and Christopher J. Durall

exacerbation low-intensity aerobic exercise (LIAEX) may expedite concussion recovery via increased levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor. 2 – 5 Subsymptom exacerbation LIAEX, starting a minimum of 4 weeks after an SRC, has been reported to be more beneficial than rest, 6 but the effects of LIAEX

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Jahan Heidari, Johanna Belz, Monika Hasenbring, Jens Kleinert, Claudia Levenig and Michael Kellmann

negative health outcomes (eg, injuries). Notably, Appaneal and Perna 24 stated that these underpinnings are not limited to injury onset and recovery but could rather be examined in light of other health aspects, such as BP. Apart from examining psychophysiological stress, injury research has also been

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Pedro L. Valenzuela, Guillermo Sánchez-Martínez, Elaia Torrontegi, Zigor Montalvo, Alejandro Lucia and Pedro de la Villa

competitions is, therefore, of great importance as most elite athletes train at least twice a day and, in several sports, they can even compete several times in the same day. Ensuring optimal recovery between sessions would enable an adequate adaptation to greater training volumes and, thus, eventually result

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Callum G. Brownstein, Derek Ball, Dominic Micklewright and Neil V. Gibson

Repeated sprints are an effective and time-efficient method of training team-sport athletes ( 29 ). Studies investigating the use of repeated sprints on performance, recovery, and metabolic response have attempted to optimize the training stimulus by varying work-to-rest ratios ( 20 ), numbers of

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Jason C. Bartram, Dominic Thewlis, David T. Martin and Kevin I. Norton

made great inroads into developing a model capable of tracking not only the depletion of W ′, but also its replenishment or recovery. The additional framework to the original model states that, when working at an intensity below CP, an individual’s W ′ will replenish. Skiba et al have published 2

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Iñigo Mujika, Shona Halson, Louise M. Burke, Gloria Balagué and Damian Farrow

article, therefore, is to review the available evidence underpinning integrated periodization. In particular, this review will focus on the following aspects by which athletic preparation can be periodized for optimal performance in competition: • Training periodization • Periodization of recovery

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Vandre C. Figueiredo, Michelle M. Farnfield, Megan L.R. Ross, Petra Gran, Shona L. Halson, Jonathan M. Peake, David Cameron-Smith and James F. Markworth

( Churchward-Venne et al., 2012 ; Hulmi et al., 2010 ; Koopman et al., 2007 ). Provision of a source of amino acids/protein provides not only the substrate for, but also stimulates muscle protein synthesis during recovery from resistance training ( Koopman, 2004 ; Moore et al., 2009 ; Rasmussen et

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William Abbott, Adam Brett, Emma Cockburn and Tom Clifford

function recovery in the days following strenuous exercise. 9 Nonetheless, the majority of the studies assessing the effects of immediate protein feeding on exercise recovery are performed in the morning, when there are several opportunities for additional protein feeding and, thus, further stimulation of