.C.F., and O.L.S. participated in the analysis and interpretation of data, and also in drafting the article and revising it critically for important intellectual content. References 1. World Health Organization . Global status report on noncommunicable diseases 2014 . 2014 . http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/red
Diana Marina Camargo, Paula Camila Ramírez, Vanesa Quiroga, Paola Ríos, Rogério César Férmino and Olga L. Sarmiento
Loriane Favoretto, Zach Hutchison, Claire M. Mowling and Melissa M. Pangelinan
terciles are indicated as circle (in red online) (high <28.13), squares (in green online) (middle = 28.12–58.33), and × (in blue online) (low >58.33). Figure 2 (bottom) depicts pre- and post-test process scores for the backhand. The individual data (left) and group means and standard deviations (right
Marcin Straczkiewicz, Jacek Urbanek and Jaroslaw Harezlak
presented example, we use the same sample file twice, as “Signal 1” and “Signal 2”. First, we focus on the portion of the signal collected during the car driving task. Once uploaded, a large portion of the tri-axial signal is displayed in the left window of the panel “Signal 1”, where colors—red, green, and
Julio Cezar Q. Machado, Caroline M.O. Volpe, Leonardo S. Vasconcellos and José A. Nogueira-Machado
, females; M, males; RBC, red blood cells; WBC, white blood cells. Note: Data are presented as mean (SD). Figure 1 —Biomarkers of renal function in endurance cycling athletes. (A) NGAL concentration (data as median, minimum, and maximum; P value determined using Mann–Whitney U test). (B–D) Urea
Florence Lebrun, Àine MacNamara, Dave Collins and Sheelagh Rodgers
more ready for potential red flags” (Coach 1). They also highlighted the importance of having a professional network and support around them (e.g., doctor, clinical or sport psychologist) to support the athletes as much as possible but also to support the coaches and other staff members. Indeed, when
Lindsey C. McGuire, Yvette M. Ingram, Michael L. Sachs and Ryan T. Tierney
Depression rates in collegiate student-athletes in the literature are varied and inconclusive, and data have only explored depression symptoms utilizing a crosssectional design. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the temporal course of depression symptoms in student-athletes. Student-athletes (N = 93) from a Division II institution completed six administrations of a brief depression symptom screen once every 2 weeks throughout the fall athletic season. Ten (10.8%) student-athletes’ PHQ-9 surveys were red-flagged for moderate to severe depression symptoms at least once throughout the season. A mixed between-within subjects analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed a significant interaction effect for time and sex in depression symptom scores, F(3.69, 335.70) = 10.36, p ≤ .001. The repeated-measures design of this study suggests that there are clinical benefits for screening for depression symptoms in student-athletes at multiple intervals throughout an athletic season.
This research explored people’s expression of parasocial interaction (PSI) on Boston Red Sox pitcher Curt Schilling’s blog, 38pitches.com. A thematic analysis using grounded theory (Glaser & Strauss, 1967) and constant comparative methodology of 1,337 postings on Schilling’s blog was conducted. Three parasocial aspects emerged from data analysis: identification, admonishment and advice giving, and criticism. The findings of the study provide support for previous research that suggests identification is a PSI component, and given the large presence of admonishment and criticism, the findings extend PSI theory by suggesting that PSI theory must account for and encompass negative relational behaviors. The results also indicate that people’s use of information and communication technologies is reconfiguring parasocial relationships as fans take an active role in soliciting and communicating with professional athletes, subsequently creating more opportunities for PSI to occur.
Chang Wan Woo, Jung Kyu Kim, Cynthia Nichols and Lu Zheng
Numerous studies examining the portrayals of gender, race, and nationality in sports commentary have been conducted through the years; however, comparative analyses of commentaries from different countries have been rare. This study examined commentary from 3 different countries (the U.S., Chinese Taipei, and South Korea) during a Major League Baseball (MLB) World Series. An entertainment theory schema was adopted and the 3 countries were categorized based on dispositional relativity (affiliation) with MLB. Findings indicate that South Korean broadcasts, which had the lowest affiliation with MLB, were biased toward the Boston Red Sox and presented the most evaluative commentaries; U.S. commentaries were generally positive and contained the largest portion of informative comments; and Chinese commentaries were unbiased and also provided a large number of informative comments. This implies that sports games using the same visual images can be framed differently by commentators based on the disposition (affiliation) level of audiences.
Samuel W. Logan, Christina M. Hospodar, Kathleen R. Bogart, Michele A. Catena, Heather A. Feldner, Jenna Fitzgerald, Sarah Schaffer, Bethany Sloane, Benjamin Phelps, Joshua Phelps and William D. Smart
difficult for young children with disabilities. Modification includes installation of a large, easy-to-press switch (Ablenet; Big Red © switch; $59; Roseville, MN). The Big Red © switch has a large surface area and responds to a light touch for activation. The switch can be placed in any location
Theresa C. Hauge, Garrett E. Katz, Gregory P. Davis, Kyle J. Jaquess, Matthew J. Reinhard, Michelle E. Costanzo, James A. Reggia and Rodolphe J. Gentili
the sequence. 7 The 15 actions of the reference/optimal sequence are depicted in black with capital letters (see Table 1 for the list of actions). The actions in red and those with black font and boxed in red are insertions and substitutions (no deletion is shown here since very rare). During