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Andrew Hooyman, Alexander Garbin and Beth Fisher

long term depression, decreased connectivity, red curve, will result. Conversely, if the pre-synaptic pulse occurs prior to the post-synaptic, then long term potentiation, increased connectivity, blue curve, will result. The closer the coupling of the two pulses, the closer they fire around an

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the reproductive axis and bone, low energy availability is now recognized to cause other adverse health and performance effects according to the relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S) model. Low energy availability can arise unintentionally, such as by an increased training load not matched by an

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Chanel T. LoJacono, Ryan P. MacPherson, Nikita A. Kuznetsov, Louisa D. Raisbeck, Scott E. Ross and Christopher K. Rhea

training, participants walked on a treadmill and crossed a virtual environment obstacle implemented in Vizard (WorldViz, Santa Barbara, CA). The virtual environment consisted of a grey and red walking path through a brown landscape with trees and a blue sky (Figure  2 ). A counter set in the top right

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Colin J. Lewis, Simon J. Roberts, Hazel Andrews and Rebecca Sawiuk

to develop into more destructive violence. To say a drinking culture existed on the course is somewhat of an understatement. After the first few days it was apparent who the drinkers were. The absence of certain individuals at breakfast was the first clue. The red eyes, croaky voices, vacating the

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Travis Anderson, Sandra J. Shultz, Nancy I. Williams, Ellen Casey, Zachary Kincaid, Jay L. Lieberman and Laurie Wideman

Set I. Red line represents the percentage of samples greater than limit of detection. Note: M1:M6 = Day 1 to 6 of menses; L1:L10 = Day 1 to 10 of luteal phase. The greatest proportion (100%) of detectable samples in DSII occurred at a similar time point to DSI (Sample #14), with the vast majority of

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Diana Marina Camargo, Paula Camila Ramírez, Vanesa Quiroga, Paola Ríos, Rogério César Férmino and Olga L. Sarmiento

.C.F., and O.L.S. participated in the analysis and interpretation of data, and also in drafting the article and revising it critically for important intellectual content. References 1. World Health Organization . Global status report on noncommunicable diseases 2014 . 2014 . http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/red

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Edgar R. Vieira, Ruth Tappen, Sareen S. Gropper, Maria T. Severi, Gabriella Engstrom, Marcio R. de Oliveira, Alexandre C. Barbosa and Rubens A. da Silva

complex cognitive task (e.g., identify when the pedestrian lights open and the countdown starts, interpret how much time is available for crossing, observe if there are not cars turning right on red or advancing despite the lights been red) and a physical task (e.g., walking and adapting the velocity

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Julio Cezar Q. Machado, Caroline M.O. Volpe, Leonardo S. Vasconcellos and José A. Nogueira-Machado

, females; M, males; RBC, red blood cells; WBC, white blood cells. Note: Data are presented as mean (SD). Figure 1 —Biomarkers of renal function in endurance cycling athletes. (A) NGAL concentration (data as median, minimum, and maximum; P value determined using Mann–Whitney U test). (B–D) Urea

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Marcin Straczkiewicz, Jacek Urbanek and Jaroslaw Harezlak

presented example, we use the same sample file twice, as “Signal 1” and “Signal 2”. First, we focus on the portion of the signal collected during the car driving task. Once uploaded, a large portion of the tri-axial signal is displayed in the left window of the panel “Signal 1”, where colors—red, green, and

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Florence Lebrun, Àine MacNamara, Dave Collins and Sheelagh Rodgers

more ready for potential red flags” (Coach 1). They also highlighted the importance of having a professional network and support around them (e.g., doctor, clinical or sport psychologist) to support the athletes as much as possible but also to support the coaches and other staff members. Indeed, when