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John B. Nezlek, Marzena Cypryańska, Piotr Cypryański, Karolina Chlebosz, Karolina Jenczylik, Joanna Sztachańska and Anna M. Zalewska

There has been a marked increase in recreational running over the past few decades (e.g.,  Breedveld, Scheerder, & Borgers, 2015 ). The popularity of running is likely due (at least in part) to its advantages compared with many forms of exercise: Running has a low entry cost, people can run

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Pantelis T. Nikolaidis, Stefania Di Gangi and Beat Knechtle

Marathon running maintains a high level of popularity. However, more people run a half-marathon than a marathon in the United States. In 2016, a total of 1,900,000 runners finished a half-marathon, which is slightly fewer than the 1,986,600 finishers in 2015 and the record of more than 2

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Amy Waters, Elissa Phillips, Derek Panchuk and Andrew Dawson

. The purpose of this paper is to establish and compare the experiential knowledge of these two groups in relation to elite sprint running technique. A large portion of an elite coach’s knowledge is derived from experience as an athlete and/or as a coach ( Greenwood et al., 2012 ; Nash & Sproule, 2009

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Lilian Roos, Wolfgang Taube, Carolin Tuch, Klaus Michael Frei and Thomas Wyss

and 27 women) participated in this study, age = 31.3 (9.5) years, height = 1.8 (0.1) m, and weight = 68.3 (10.8) kg. All the athletes were recreational or competitive runners or triathletes with 6.8 (4.8) years of running experience at their current level. The athletes performed on average 4.3 (2

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Lara A. Carlson, Kaylee M. Pobocik, Michael A. Lawrence, Daniel A. Brazeau and Alexander J. Koch

.73) Afternoon 10.51 (6.42) 13.62 (4.02) 18.24 (7.34) *Significantly greater than at 8:00 PM. **Significantly greater than at 10:00 PM. Exercise sessions comprised a 5-minute warm-up followed by 30 minutes of running on a level treadmill at 75% of the subjects’ VO 2 max. After the completion of all exercise

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Christopher Napier, Christopher L. MacLean, Jessica Maurer, Jack E. Taunton and Michael A. Hunt

Running is one of the most popular activities worldwide, with numerous benefits in the prevention of obesity, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, osteoarthritis, respiratory disease, cancer, and disability. 1 Even in low doses, running is associated with a substantial reduction in cardiovascular and

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Alyssa Evans, Gavin Q. Collins, Parker G. Rosquist, Noelle J. Tuttle, Steven J. Morrin, James B. Tracy, A. Jake Merrell, William F. Christensen, David T. Fullwood, Anton E. Bowden and Matthew K. Seeley

, Braun, Schaenzer, 2011 ; Sedlock, Fissinger, Melby, 1989 ). The present work utilized an instrumented athletic shoe with four novel nanocomposite piezoresponsive foam (NCPF) sensors (Figure  1a ) for the purposes of measuring 3D ground reaction forces during walking and running outside of a traditional

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Yumeng Li, Rumit S. Kakar, Marika A. Walker, Li Guan and Kathy J. Simpson

the pelvis, not the upper trunk. 2 , 4 However, the upper trunk–pelvis coordination patterns used in running are not well understood. Hinrichs 14 found that the upper trunk “actively” rotated with the arms in opposition to the lower trunk, pelvis, and legs to cancel out the axial angular momentum of

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Herman van Werkhoven and Stephen J. Piazza

The human foot and ankle stand out for their disproportionately large kinetic contributions during many commonly performed activities. The muscles of the ankle joint, for example, generate more power during running than do those of either the hip or the knee. 1 , 2 Studies of anatomy

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Paula R. Mesquita, Silvia G.R. Neri, Ricardo M. Lima, Eliane F. Manfio and Ana C. de David

provided data for children foot loading patterns during walking, 1 , 5 , 6 evaluation of running is still lacking. Vieira et al 7 examined plantar loads during running in early childhood (aged 4–6 y) and demonstrated that foot loads increase with age and concluded that it seems to be still developing at