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Luis Suarez-Arrones, Julio Tous-Fajardo, Javier Núñez, Oliver Gonzalo-Skok, Javier Gálvez and Alberto Mendez-Villanueva

Purpose:

To examine the effect of repeated-sprint training (RST) vs combined RST and resistance training with superimposed vibrations on repeated-sprint ability (RSA) and lower-body power output in male rugby players.

Methods:

Players were divided into 2 training groups. One group performed RST (n = 10) 2 d/wk and the other performed RST 1 d/wk and squat resistance training with superimposed vibrations on the second day (RS+ST; n = 10). The squat training was carried out with a volume similar (ie, number of sets and repetitions) to that of the RST. The training period lasted 6 wk, and it was carried out as a supplement to the regular rugby training sessions.

Results:

Substantial improvements in RSA mean time (RSAmean; +2.3%/ES: 0.77 vs +4.1%/ES: 0.91), RSA percent decrement (%Dec; –25.6%/ES: 1.70 vs –23.2%/ES: 0.99), and squat absolute power output (+5.0%/ES:0.36 vs +17.2%/ES: 0.93) were obtained in RST and RS+ST, respectively. Substantial improvements in RSA best time (RSAbest; +2.6%/ES: 0.61) and squat power output normalized to body mass (+18.6%/ES: 0.76) only occurred in RS+ST. Both pretest and posttest RSAmean were largely correlated with the RSAbest. However, there were only unclear, small to moderate correlations between individual changes in squat power output and either RSAmean or RSAbest.

Conclusion:

Combined RST and resistance training induced improvements of greater magnitude in both repeated-sprint performance and muscle power output than the RST alone. The lack of substantial correlations between individual changes in repeated-sprint and muscle-power performance suggests that the same subjects were not systematically low or high responders to both RST and strength training.

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INTERNATIONAL SPORT COACHING JOURNAL

DIGEST VOLUME 6, ISSUE #1

trusting relationships. The Effect of Individualised Sprint Training in Elite Female Team Sport Athletes: A Pilot Study Rakovic, Paulsen E., Helland, C., Eriksrud, O., & Haugen, T. (2018). Journal of Sport Sciences, 36 (24), 2802–2808. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2018.1474536 Recent research in sport science

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David Rodríguez-Osorio, Oliver Gonzalo-Skok and Fernando Pareja-Blanco

conditioning program emphasizes similar motor patterns and contraction types to those used in actual games. 10 In this regard, resisted sprint training, such as sled towing and weighted vest training, is commonly performed to enhance sprinting performance. 10 In fact, there are several studies that have

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* Catherine J. Field * Christopher M. Sellar * Vicki J. Harber * Gordon J. Bell * 12 2008 3 4 531 546 10.1123/ijspp.3.4.531 Invited Commentary Inference About Magnitudes of Effects Richard J. Barker * Matthew R. Schofield * 12 2008 3 4 547 557 10.1123/ijspp.3.4.547 Technical Report Sprint Training

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Xavier Woorons, François Billaut and Henry Vandewalle

.2165/11590560-000000000-00000 21846163 4. Brocherie F , Girard O , Faiss R , Millet GP . Effects of repeated-sprint training in hypoxia on sea-level performance: a meta-analysis . Sports Med . 2017 ; 47 : 1651 – 1660 . PubMed ID: 28194720 doi:10.1007/s40279-017-0685-3 28194720 10.1007/s40279-017-0685-3 5. Brocherie F

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Players Michael J.A. Speranza * Tim J. Gabbett * Rich D. Johnston * Jeremy M. Sheppard * 9 2015 10 6 754 760 10.1123/ijspp.2015-0044 Effects of Sprint Training With or Without Ball Carry in Elite Rugby Players Laurent B. Seitz * Matt Barr * G. Gregory Haff * 9 2015 10 6 761 766 10

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* Crystal O. Kean * 11 2016 11 8 987 997 10.1123/ijspp.2016-0169 Original Investigation Two Weeks of Repeated-Sprint Training in Soccer: To Turn or Not to Turn? Jonathan M. Taylor * Tom W. Macpherson * Shaun J. McLaren * Iain Spears * Matthew Weston * 11 2016 11 8 998 1004 10

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: Unilateral Versus Bilateral Combined Resistance Training Oliver Gonzalo-Skok * Julio Tous-Fajardo * Luis Suarez-Arrones * José Luis Arjol-Serrano * José Antonio Casajús * Alberto Mendez-Villanueva * 1 2017 12 1 106 114 10.1123/ijspp.2015-0743 Psychophysiological Responses to Repeated-Sprint

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Thomas Haugen

that thesis was already implemented in the training framework of Norwegian pioneer endurance coaches in the 1970s. Similarly, the very best coaches in sprint training also seem to be decades ahead of sport science in how training principles and methods are applied. 2 Possible explanations for such

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It Seems Claude Karcher * Martin Buchheit * 3 2017 12 3 322 328 10.1123/ijspp.2016-0055 Repeated-Sprint Training in Hypoxia Induced by Voluntary Hypoventilation in Swimming Laurent Trincat * Xavier Woorons * Grégoire P. Millet * 3 2017 12 3 329 335 10.1123/ijspp.2015-0674 Concurrent