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Artur Direito, Joseph J. Murphy, Matthew Mclaughlin, Jacqueline Mair, Kelly Mackenzie, Masamitsu Kamada, Rachel Sutherland, Shannon Montgomery, Trevor Shilton and on behalf of the ISPAH Early Career Network

population levels of PA exist but need to be prioritized and scaled up to achieve the World Health Organization’s targets to reduce physical inactivity levels by 15% by 2030 10 and assist in achieving the United Nations’ (UN) 2030 sustainable development goals (SDGs; Figure  1 ). 11 Figure 1 —Links between

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Mark Glaister and Conor Gissane

Caffeine, a trimethylxanthine, is a ubiquitous socially acceptable drug with no apparent long-term health effects. 1 Although there is some evidence that caffeine may improve single 2 and repeated sprint activities, 3 effects are most consistently observed in sustained bouts of high

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Stacey Alvarez-Alvarado, Graig M. Chow, Nicole T. Gabana, Robert C. Hickner and Gershon Tenenbaum

( Aragonés et al., 2013 ). The current study’s results revealed that perceived exertion, attentional focus, and perceived activation increased linearly to sustain the changes in physical effort, whereas affective valence decreased in a quadratic manner. Particularly, the perceptual–cognitive resources and

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Carolina Menezes Fiorelli, Emmanuel Gomes Ciolac, Lucas Simieli, Fabiana Araújo Silva, Bianca Fernandes, Gustavo Christofoletti and Fabio Augusto Barbieri

in multiple system and not only basal ganglia. 3 The main cognitive impairments happened in working memory, 4 , 5 executive function, 4 visuospatial skills, 5 and sustained attention, 5 , 6 which aggravates motor symptoms. 4 However, in contrast to the motor symptoms caused by the disease

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Deborah Hebling Spinoso, Nise Ribeiro Marques, Dain Patrick LaRoche, Camilla Zamfollini Hallal, Aline Harumi Karuka, Fernanda Cristina Milanezi and Mauro Gonçalves

contractions, and because this study’s estimate was not based on the ability to perform an activity but rather on the ability to walk at a sustainable effort (80% FD). This study is an important first step in developing strength thresholds for each of the major sagittal plane joint actions of the lower

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Eric Foch and Clare E. Milner

The accessibility of running makes it a common exercise choice for individuals looking to improve their overall health. However, the likelihood that a runner will develop an overuse injury is high. Prospective studies indicate that 47% to 52% of recreational runners sustained an overuse injury that

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Davide Ferioli, Ermanno Rampinini, Andrea Bosio, Antonio La Torre and Nicola A. Maffiuletti

compared the COD ability and the ability to sustain repeated COD efforts of adult players competing at different levels. 6 – 11 COD exercises were found to discriminate professional and semiprofessional adult male basketball players from their lower level counterparts, 7 , 10 , 11 whereas professional

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Edward J. Bradley, Bob Hogg and David T. Archer

increased each year from 7.5 to 10.8 seconds, an overall increase of very large magnitude (44%, ES = 3.0). 14 Reported sustained push forces in machine scrummaging with an international pack of 8 kN under the CTS process compared with 15.8 kN during engagement. Similarly, Cazzola et al 16 have shown that

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Deborah A.M. Jehu, Nicole Paquet and Yves Lajoie

) possible improvements in obstacle clearance parameters and RT would be sustained at the 12-week follow-up in both training groups because previous work has also observed maintained improvements ( Lim & Yoon, 2014b ; Marusic et al., 2016 ). Methods Participants In total, 76 older adults were evaluated for eligibility

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Roberto Baldassarre, Marco Bonifazi, Paola Zamparo and Maria Francesca Piacentini

efficiency and an ability to sustain a high percentage of V ˙ O 2 max for hours. 35.9–73.1 15.8–20.1 Judelson et al 33 1 W 24 Competitive SS, ANT, HR, RPE Training, acclimatization, and feedings can safely maintain elevated exercise intensities for long durations during OWS events. 32.2 19.1 ± 0