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Seihati A. Shiroma, Ursula F. Julio and Emerson Franchini

supplementary aerobic training program, judo athletes presented faster V ˙ O 2 recovery after a maximal graded exercise test (GET) and faster heart rate (HR) recovery after a high-intensity judo-specific test. 8 Thus, aerobic power development has been associated with faster creatine phosphate resynthesis

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Todd G. Goldbeck and George J. Davies


Functional testing of patients is essential to clinicians because it provides objective data for documentation that can be used for serial reassessment and progression through a rehabilitation program. Furthermore, new tests should require minimal time, space, and money to implement.


To determine the test-retest reliability of the Closed Kinetic Chain (CKC) Upper Extremity Stability Test.


Twenty-four male college students.


Each subject was tested initially and again 7 days later. Each subject performed 1 submaximal test followed by 3 maximal efforts. A 45-second rest was given after each 15-second test. The 2 maximal-test scores were averaged and compared with those from the retest.


The intraclass correlation coefficient was .922 for test-retest reliability. A paired-samples t test (.927) was conducted, and the coefficient of stability was .859. The results indicate that the CKC Upper Extremity Stability Test is a reliable evaluation tool.

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Cindy N. Nguyen, Reuben N. Clements, Lucas A. Porter, Nicole E. Clements, Matthew D. Gray, Dustin J. Killian and Russell T. Baker

: Self-Report Symptom checklist, Balance Error Scoring System test, Standardized Assessment of Concussion test, and Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing test. 11 – 13 Recently, more novel tests, such as the King-Devick test and the clinical reaction time (RT clin ) test, have been

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Charlie Bowen, Kristian Weaver, Nicola Relph and Matt Greig

their specific relevance to the demands of the sport and injury epidemiology. 10 , 11 In considering the validity of screening, the clinical tests used are often characterized by slow, controlled, predictive, and low impact which lacks relevance to the demands imposed by training and competition

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Michelle A. Sandrey

Key Points ▸ Inconsistent evidence and findings do not support a single or clear battery of tests that should be used; this also supports the need for further research in this area. ▸ There is moderate evidence to include the use of the prone instability test along with other instability tests, but

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Jeanette Gustat, Christopher E. Anderson and Sandy J. Slater

, IL, during June and July of 2017. We audited a total of 70 playgrounds and conducted duplicate audits on 17 playgrounds to test for interrater reliability. Each audit took an average of 20 minutes to complete. Playground Usage We assessed playground usage using the System for Observing Play and

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Volker Scheer, Tanja I. Janssen, Solveig Vieluf and Hans-Christian Heitkamp

and exercise testing strategies to predict performance and improve training concepts and competition results. Values that are classically used to predict running performance include maximal oxygen uptake (VO 2 max), percentage of VO 2 max, ventilatory and lactate thresholds, and running economy. 1

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Michael D. Ross and Elizabeth G. Fontenot


The standing heel-rise test has been recommended as a means of assessing calf-muscle performance. To the authors' knowledge, the reliability of the test using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) has not been reported.


To determine the test-retest reliability of the standing heel-rise test.


Single-group repeated measures.


Seventeen healthy subjects.

Settings and Infevention:

Each subject was asked to perform as many standing heel raises as possible during 2 testing sessions separated by 7 days.

Main Outcome Measures:

Reliability data for the standing heel-rise test were studied through a repeated-measures analysis of variance, ICC2, 1 and SEMs.


The ICC2,1 and SEM values for the standing heel-rise test were .96 and 2.07 repetitions, respectively.


The standing heel-rise test offers clinicians a reliable assessment of calfmuscle performance. Further study is necessary to determine the ability of the standing heel-rise test to detect functional deficiencies in patients recovering from lower leg injury or surgery

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Joseph P. Winnick and Francis X. Short

In order to enhance the physical fitness development of individuals with selected handicapping conditions. Winnick and Short (1984b) published a manual which presented the Project UNIQUE Physical Fitness Test and training program. This article presents criteria and supporting technical information pertaining to the selection of test items.

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Christopher J. Nightingale, Sidney N. Mitchell and Stephen A. Butterfield

With the high prevalence of debilitating injuries associated with accidental falls in senior citizens, the need for clinicians to have valid and reliable methods of risk assessment that can be administered efficiently at low financial cost is important. The Timed Up and Go (TUG) test has been