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Colin B. Shore, Gill Hubbard, Trish Gorely, Robert Polson, Angus Hunter and Stuart D. Galloway

13 , 18 showed that the transtheoretical model of behavior change was the most frequently utilized underlying theory of intervention design, whereas social cognitive theory, theory of planned behavior, and health belief model were used less. One low-quality review 19 that did not directly report on

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Scherezade K. Mama, Lorna H. McNeill, Erica G. Soltero, Raul Orlando Edwards and Rebecca E. Lee

, including the transtheoretical model ( Prochaska & Velicer, 1997 ), self-determination theory ( Deci & Ryan, 1985 ), and social cognitive theory ( Bandura, 2004 ), posit associations between psychosocial factors, such as self-efficacy, motivational readiness and social support, and health behavior change

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James R. Vallerand, Ryan E. Rhodes, Gordan J. Walker and Kerry S. Courneya

-based intervention targets. For example, interventions framed around the transtheoretical model showed that survivors progressed in their motivational readiness (ie, stages of change) as a result of the telephone counseling program. 12 – 15 Still, this level of information provides little indication of the social

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Lauren McMichan, Ann-Marie Gibson and David A. Rowe

analyzed together, this effect was nonsignificant and only a small effect ( d  = 0.3). This stage of change is similar to the stage of “precontemplation” in the more commonly known Transtheoretical Model. 43 The authors used their own Stages of Change classifications (preintenders, intenders, and actors

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Kara C. Hamilton, Mark T. Richardson, Shanda McGraw, Teirdre Owens and John C. Higginbotham

increase PA activity through external rewards or coercion, an alternate approach is to design interventions that focus on improving psychosocial constructs, which have been shown to be mediators in increasing PA. 15 Formulated from the Transtheoretical Model and Social Cognitive Theory, psychosocial

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Carrie W. LeCrom, Brendan Dwyer and Gregory Greenhalgh

programs we have initiated and evaluated, we have pulled from different theories in nearly every instance, having used intergroup contact theory ( Allport, 1954 ); the transtheoretical model of change ( Prochaska & DiClemente, 2005 ); SFDT ( Lyras & Welty Peachey, 2011 ); and Mezirow’s theory of

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Valerie Senkowski, Clara Gannon and Paul Branscum

recent meta-analysis of health behavior interventions, those based on the TPB (and its predecessor, the theory of reasoned action) had generally larger effects than interventions based on the transtheoretical model ( n  = 12; d  = 0.2) or SCT (social cognitive theory; n  = 12; d  = 0.15) ( Webb

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Emma C. Neupert, Stewart T. Cotterill and Simon A. Jobson

, Velicer WF . The transtheoretical model of health behavior change . Am J Health Promot . 1997 ; 12 ( 1 ): 38 – 48 . doi:10.4278/0890-1171-12.138 10170434 10.4278/0890-1171-12.1.38 14. Michie S , van Stralen MM , West R . The behaviour change wheel: a new method for characterising and

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Levy Silva Rezende, Markus Brendon Lima and Emanuel Péricles Salvador

their interventions on guidelines related to behavioral techniques (elaboration of action plans combined with coping strategies and motivational interviews based on the transtheoretic model, respectively) and succeeded in increasing the PA level. In the first study, in a 10-week intervention, the PA

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Robert Weinberg

program after years of sedentary behavior can be a difficult task. In addition, the stage where there is the highest risk of relapse according to the Transtheoretical Model ( Prochaska, DiClemente, & Norcross, 1992 ) is called the action phase, which is when individuals start to exercise regularly but