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Trent Stellingwerff

Anecdotal claims have suggested that an increasing number of ultramarathoners purposely undertake chronic low-carbohydrate (CHO) ketogenic diets while training, and race with very low CHO intakes, as a way to maximize fat oxidation and improve performance. However, very little empirical evidence exists on specific fueling strategies that elite ultramarathoners undertake to maximize race performance. The study’s purpose was to characterize race nutrition habits of elite ultramarathon runners. Three veteran male ultrarunners (M ± SD; age 35 ± 2 years; mass 59.5 ± 1.7 kg; 16.7 ± 2.5 hr 100-mi. best times) agreed to complete a competition-specific nutrition intake questionnaire for 100-mi. races. Verbal and visual instructions were used to instruct the athletes on portion sizes and confirm dietary intake. Throughout 2014, the athletes competed in 16 ultramarathons with a total of 8 wins, including the prestigious Western States Endurance Run 100-miler (14.9 hr). The average prerace breakfast contained 70 ± 16 g CHO, 29 ± 20 g protein, and 21 ± 8 g fat. Athletes consumed an average of 1,162 ± 250 g of CHO (71 ± 20g/hr), with minor fat and protein intakes, resulting in caloric intakes totaling 5,530 ± 1,673 kcals (333 ± 105 kcals/hr) with 93% of calories coming from commercial products. Athletes also reported consuming 912 ± 322 mg of caffeine and 6.9 ± 2.4 g of sodium. Despite having limited professional nutritional input into their fueling approaches, all athletes practiced fueling strategies that maximize CHO intake and are congruent with contemporary evidence-based recommendations.

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Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Lori Dithurbide, Alison Ede, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin and Kathleen Wilson

://psychology.pitt.edu/people/mark-thomas Exercise as an Acceptable and Feasibly Delivered Therapy for Veterans With PTSD Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of the most common mental health conditions among U.S. military veterans. PTSD is a psychiatric disorder that can occur when people have experienced or witnessed a traumatic event

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Robin S. Vealey, Nick Galli and Robert J. Harmison

questioned why certificants must prepare for and pay for an exam when they have already completed all necessary requirements for the certification years ago and have remained active in AASP. Finally, Scherzer and Reel suggested that the growth of certification may be compromised should veteran certificants

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Bryan C. Clift

took place within various activities. The organization and participants with whom I spoke always knew my presence as both a volunteer and researcher. These interviews and my field notes form the empirical base of this article. In Baltimore, The House—a 90-bed residential treatment facility for veterans

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Alex J. Benson and Mark Eys

well-defined series of stages. Fixed versus variable tactics refers to the degree to which newcomer role progression follows a well-defined timeline. Serial versus disjunctive tactics encompass the extent to which veteran members share information and help newcomers adjust to group life

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Kenneth Sean Chaplin and Jeffrey Montez de Oca

Male, Freshman, Undecided major, from New York) Several students further justified their support for the protests by referencing US military veterans. They argue that veterans fought for our freedoms and, therefore, it is our responsibility to utilize the freedoms given to us by the sacrifices of

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Carrie B. Scherzer and Justine J. Reel

it is time to renew? With the requirement of a certification exam, the AASP and CMPC risk becoming irrelevant to veteran members. Currently, many of our sport and exercise psychology colleagues from graduate school no longer attend AASP and are now involved with other organizations. AASP may be

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Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Angela Coppola, Thomas Curran, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Luc Martin and Kathleen Wilson

://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/hea/ Author website: https://psychology.fas.harvard.edu/people/richard-j-mcnally “The Power of Sport,” the Power of Media Coverage of the Invictus Games Parasport can be used during the recovery process for military service members and veterans with physical and psychological injuries and illnesses. The

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Jay Johnson, Michelle D. Guerrero, Margery Holman, Jessica W. Chin and Mary Anne Signer-Kroeker

at an elite level of sport. On the other hand, newcomers may experience feelings of anxiety and discomfort regarding the socialization experience that lies ahead. In sport, and in other organizations, veteran members often use hazing rituals and ceremonies to “welcome” newcomers to the team ( Nuwer

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Kelly P. Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Celina Shirazipour and Krystn Orr

education specialists, peer tutors, and teacher aides. Chapter 38 examines the growing evidence regarding an increasingly prominent population within the realm of disability sport and exercise: military service members and veterans with physical and mental illnesses and injuries. A key benefit of this