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Tiago Turnes, Rogério S.O. Cruz, Fabrizio Caputo and Rafael A. De Aguiar

cooling sweatbands, heat acclimation, rehydration after weigh-in, and use of nasal dilator during training. Study Characteristics Table  1 shows the descriptive statistics and the effect estimates of the studies included in the meta-analysis. Twenty-seven intervention effects were collected from 17

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Louise M. Burke, Graeme L. Close, Bronwen Lundy, Martin Mooses, James P. Morton and Adam S. Tenforde

to “make weight” is considered an art form among combat circles, with athletes usually striving to compete at the lowest weight class possible due to belief this will offer a competitive advantage. Depending on the sport and professional or amateur status, contests take place 4–30 hr after weigh-in

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Nessan Costello, Jim McKenna, Louise Sutton, Kevin Deighton and Ben Jones

immediately relayed back to him, significant others, and the head coach Athlete and sport and exercise nutritionist Biweekly fasted weigh-in (self-reported by athlete)/weekly sum of eight skinfolds (sport and exercise nutritionist)/feedback results (sport and exercise nutritionist) Monday and Thursday

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Emily C. Borden, William J. Kraemer, Bryant J. Walrod, Emily M. Post, Lydia K. Caldwell, Matthew K. Beeler, William H. DuPont, John Paul Anders, Emily R. Martini, Jeff S. Volek and Carl M. Maresh

seen throughout the day. This was observed by Zambraski et al, 2 when wrestlers were tested at weigh-in, before the match, and postcompetition, revealing their ability to rehydrate post weigh-in before their match and go back into a dehydrated state postcompetition. Plasma osmolality does not tend to

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Oliver R. Barley, Dale W. Chapman, Georgios Mavropalias and Chris R. Abbiss

the days leading to weigh-in. 2 – 3 , 5 However, research has reported that competitors may not be adequately recovering from such strategies, even 24 hours following the weigh-in. 6 – 8 There is evidence to suggest use of rapid weight loss strategies (ie, hypohydration induced with thermal stress

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Lindsay B. Baker, Kelly A. Barnes, Bridget C. Sopeña, Ryan P. Nuccio, Adam J. Reimel and Corey T. Ungaro

 °C/23 °C: n  = 24). Sweat samples were weighed in duplicate in their storage tubes (without Parafilm-M ® ) to the nearest 0.0001 g using a digital scale (Mettler Toledo DeltaRange Precision Scale XS204, Plano, TX). Statistical Analyses Analyses were carried out using Statistical Analysis Software

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Alexander S.D. Gamble, Jessica L. Bigg, Tyler F. Vermeulen, Stephanie M. Boville, Greg S. Eskedjian, Sebastian Jannas-Vela, Jamie Whitfield, Matthew S. Palmer and Lawrence L. Spriet

an average of 1.26 ± 0.19 hr). As players arrived at the arena, they provided a small urine sample (approximately 50–100 ml), voided their bladder, and were weighed in dry shorts to record a prepractice BM on a Zenith scale (LG Electronics Canada, Mississauga, Canada). Players were then asked to

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Peter Francis, Kay Gray and Nic Perrem

mass of the limb was weighed in order to perform a gravitational correction. After familiarization with procedures, participants were given three trial attempts in which they were asked to perform at 25%, 50%, and 75% of their perceived maximum, as in Lepley et al. 29 This was to ensure adequate warm

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Laura K. Fewell, Riley Nickols, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Cheri A. Levinson

) was assessed using a medical grade Detecto precision scale and height tool at both treatment admission and discharge by an approved staff. Patients were weighed in light clothing and were not informed of their weight. Maximal Oxygen Consumption (VO 2 max) measures the amount of oxygen used during

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Laura K. Fewell, Riley Nickols, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Cheri A. Levinson

approved staff using a medical grade Detecto precision scale and height tool. Participants were weighed in light clothing and were not informed of their weight. Analyses Propensity score matching (PSM; Rosenbaum & Rubin, 1983 ) was used to create a final dataset ( N  = 167) that accounted for the