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Jocelyn S. Carter, Sabrina Karczewski, Draycen D. DeCator and Alescia M. Hollowell

Background:

Children who engage in regular physical activity are protected from developing behavioral problems at home and school, but many children do not have the opportunity to participate in regular physical activity. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a noncurricular school-based physical activity program resulted in reductions in children’s psychological problems in 2 domains: internalizing (eg, depression) and externalizing (eg, aggression) and whether these effects varied according to ethnicity, gender, and baseline psychological symptoms.

Methods:

One hundred and eleven third-grade students (mean age = 8.47; 55% African American, 42% Latino) from 4 schools participated in the study. Children in 2 schools received the Work to Play physical activity intervention during the study (intervention condition) and children in the other 2 schools did not receive the program until after the study was complete (waitlist control condition). Teachers and parents reported on children’s psychological symptoms at baseline and at follow-up approximately 9 months later.

Results:

Regression analyses showed that children who participated in the program had fewer internalizing symptoms at follow-up. Ethnicity moderated intervention effects with significant decreases in internalizing symptoms for African American, but not Hispanic participants. Neither gender nor baseline psychological symptoms moderated the program’s effectiveness.

Conclusions:

The Work-to-Play intervention program appeared to be effective in reducing internalizing symptoms for ethnic minority participants who are at the greatest risk for psychological problems.

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Tracy Hoos, Nancy Espinoza, Simon Marshall and Elva M. Arredondo

Background:

Valid and reliable self-report measures of physical activity (PA) are needed to evaluate the impact of interventions aimed at increasing the levels of PA. However, few valid measures for assessing PA in Latino populations exist.

Objective:

The purpose of this study is to determine whether the GPAQ is a valid measure of PA among Latinas and to examine its sensitivity to intervention change. Intervention attendance was also examined.

Methods:

Baseline and postintervention data were collected from 72 Latinas (mean age = 43.01; SD = 9.05) who participated in Caminando con Fe/Walking with Faith, a multilevel intervention promoting PA among church-going Latinas. Participants completed the GPAQ and were asked to wear the accelerometer for 7 consecutive days at baseline and again 6 months later. Accelerometer data were aggregated into 5 levels of activity intensity (sedentary, light, moderate, moderate-vigorous, and vigorous) and correlated to self-reported mean minutes of PA across several domains (leisure time, work, commute and household chores).

Results:

There were significant correlations at postintervention between self-reported minutes per week of vigorous LTPA and accelerometer measured vigorous PA (r = .404, P < .001) as well as significant correlations of sensitivity to intervention change (post intervention minus baseline) between self-reported vigorous LTPA and accelerometer-measured vigorous PA (r = .383, P < .003) and self-reported total vigorous PA and accelerometer measured vigorous PA (r = .363, P < .003).

Conclusions:

The findings from this study suggest that the GPAQ may be useful for evaluating the effectiveness of programs aimed at increasing vigorous levels of PA among Latinas.

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Leonardo Ruiz, Judy L. Van Raalte, Thaddeus France and Al Petitpas

research attention have been focused on transition ( Cross, 1995 ; Searle & Ward, 1990 ) and the mental health of Latino youth ( Contreras, Kerns, & Neal-Barnett, 2002 ). Limited attention has been paid to multiculturalism in the clinical and sport psychology literatures ( Forster-Scott, Tinsley, Ng

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Maureen R. Weiss

groundbreaking work in this area. The first three articles in this section specifically address physical activity trends, disparities, and interventions for African American and Latino children and youth, two populations that show lower levels and steeper declines in physical activity over the childhood years

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Carla L. Dellaserra, Noe C. Crespo, Michael Todd, Jennifer Huberty and Sonia Vega-López

Hispanics/Latinos from diverse backgrounds: the Hispanic community health study/study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) . Diabetes Care . 2014 ; 37 ( 8 ): 2233 – 2239 . PubMed doi:10.2337/dc13-2939 10.2337/dc13-2939 25061138 4. Mozaffarian D , Benjamin EJ , Go AS , et al . Heart disease and stroke

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Kyle Siler

high school zip codes were taken from the 2011–12 American Community Survey. Results Positional Stacking in College Football Of 20,495 Division I players with usable online roster data and pictures, 52.0% are black, 44.2% white, 2.1% Latino and 1.6% Pacific Islander. Division III demographics are

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Nisha Botchwey, Myron F. Floyd, Keshia Pollack Porter, Carmen L. Cutter, Chad Spoon, Tom L. Schmid, Terry L. Conway, J. Aaron Hipp, Anna J. Kim, M. Renee Umstattd Meyer, Amanda L. Walker, Tina J. Kauh and Jim F. Sallis

In the United States, nearly 1 in 3 young people is overweight or obese. Lower-income toddlers, children, and adolescents in historically underserved populations—African American, American Indian, Latino-Hispanic, and subpopulations of Asian Americans and Pacific Islander cultures—are at highest

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Khalid Ballouli

Koufax becoming the game’s first Jewish stars. The chapter further discusses the dramatic increase in African American, Latino, and Asian major players following significant steps to bring down barriers for these groups. Case studies abound, from the San Francisco Giants signing Juan Marichal out of the

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Chris Knoester and Theo Randolph

College a 21% – 0 1  College or more a 10% – 0 1  Income 10.51 1.13 0 4  Black b 49% – 0 1  Latino b 26% – 0 1  Positive Father Attitudes 3.74 0.49 1 4  Cohabiting with Mother c 9% – 0 1  Living Apart from Mother c 61% – 0 1  Resides with Child 55% – 0 1  Female Child 48% – 0 1  Child’s Organized Sports

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Leticia Oseguera, Dan Merson, C. Keith Harrison and Sue Rankin

into an “other” category, or the baseline data have less than ideal representation of these racial identities to draw any meaningful conclusions. The majority of the work on Latino college athletes has focused on their experiences in baseball ( Burgos, 2007 ; Regalado, 1998 ). This gap in the