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Jorid Hovden

The Norwegian Confederation of Sports, the non-profit umbrella organization for all organized sports in Norway, has gradually accepted women’s demands for equal opportunities and full integration at all levels. The situation for women in sports politics and coaching today is characterized by male dominance as well as high drop-out rates and recruiting problems among women.

The aim of the investigation, as basis for this article, was to give women’s experiences within elected posts and coaching a public voice and elaborate why women hesitate to involve themselves or drop-out after a short period of time. The following questions are outlined and discussed:

- What motivates women to take up elected posts and coaching? - What experiences do women have after holding such posts and roles? - What problems and challenges seem to be difficult to face and handle?

The analytical perspective was inspired by the feminist critique of organizations as gender-neutral arenas, and Bourdieu’s analysis of dominance and power within social fields. The empirical material consisted of questionnaire data and data from a search conference. The sample consisted of women holding elected posts, as well as, female coaches.

Based upon the results women as a group within male domains were not empowered to raise and articulate interests and needs as women. The respondents reported an awareness of barriers, role conflicts and dilemmas, but lacked most often the ability to initiate collective emancipatory changes. The established male-dominated practices were seen as selfevident and natural. Many women chose the strategy of exit as the solution to their situation, because the cost of promoting change outweighed the benefits.

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Melanie M. Adams and Diane L. Gill

Even with adequate levels of physical activity, sedentary behavior contributes to cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Reducing sedentary behavior through increased daily movements, not solely exercise, can reduce health risks; particularly for women who are inactive and overweight. This study examined an intervention to increase overweight women’s self-efficacy for reducing sedentary behavior. Volunteers (M age =58.5 yrs, M BMI =36) were waitlisted (n = 24) or enrolled in the intervention (n = 40), called On Our Feet, which combined face-to-face sessions and e-mail messages over 6 weeks. Physical activity and sedentary behavior were measured by accelerometer and self-report. A 4-item survey assessed self-efficacy. Process evaluations included participant ratings of intervention components and open-ended questions. Repeated-measures ANOVAs revealed no changes in accelerometer-determined physical activity or sedentary behavior, but a significant multivariate interaction was found for self-reported sitting and physical activity, F(3,60) = 3.65, p = .02. Intervention participants increased both light and moderate physical activity and both groups decreased sedentary behavior. Self-efficacy decreased for all at midpoint, but intervention recipients rebounded at post. A moderately strong relationship (r = .48, p = .01) between midpoint self-efficacy and reduced sedentary behavior was found. Participants rated the pedometer, intervention emails, and goal setting as effective and highly used. Open-ended responses pointed to barriers of required sitting and a need to match intervention components to women’s lives. Community-based interventions for reducing sedentary behavior have the potential to improve health. Ideas to enhance future interventions are discussed.

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Leslie K. Larsen and Christopher J. Clayton

, 2012 ; Cunningham, Sagas, & Ashley, 2003 ; Kilty, 2006 ; LaVoi, 2016a ; LaVoi & Dutove, 2012 ). LaVoi ( 2016a ) has introduced an Ecological-Intersectional Model to help explain the barriers encountered by women coaches across a variety of levels. LaVoi’s model integrates three theoretical

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Nicole M. LaVoi, Jennifer E. McGarry and Leslee A. Fisher

maximize change efforts. In 2012, LaVoi and Dutove ( 2012 ) first outlined the Ecological Model of Barriers and Supports for Women Coaches, which was extended by LaVoi ( 2016 ) in Women and Sports Coaching to include intersectionality and power. The Ecological-Intersectional Model (EIM; LaVoi, 2016

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Rebecca E. Hasson

examine the facilitators and barriers to physical activity in ethnic-minority communities to better understand the decline in physical activity throughout adolescence and into adulthood in this population. The work of Urie Bronfenbrenner provides an overarching framework for understanding youth physical

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Roger Baines

and Translation Tweets composed in a wide range of languages and tweets crossing language barriers create the conditions for tweet translation. Even if English is the global lingua franca, most of the world’s population does not have first- or second-language access to English ( Eriksen, 2014 ), and

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Tom Perks

with their child’s involvement, with studies suggesting that the costs of sport participation are among the most important barriers to children’s participation in sport, especially among low-income parents ( Holt, Kingsley, Tink, & Scherer, 2011 ; Steenhuis, Nooy, Moes, & Schuit, 2009 ). But, as other

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Chris Elzey

the history of Lincoln Institute. Lincoln, which was established in 1912, garnered respect because of the outstanding occupational and academic education it offered. Like many black schools in Kentucky, Lincoln owed its existence to the legal barrier erected in the state that segregated African

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Diane M. Culver, Erin Kraft, Cari Din and Isabelle Cayer

community came up with numerous ideas and solutions to address the technological barriers. One of the community member’s experiences with Slack led the CoP to adopt this platform which was simple, functional, and informal. Additionally, the CoP moved to Adobe Connect for formal meetings; this was effective

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Lyndsay M.C. Hayhurst, Lisa McIntosh Sundstrom and Emma Arksey

What impact do international actors—focused on Western feminist norms—have on local norms when it comes violence against women, and promoting sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHR) through sport for development and peace (SDP)? What are the barriers and enablers to norm change in SDP programs