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Adam C. King

, evaluating the ability to maintain balance through quantifications of postural sway affords a more robust approach to understand how a concussion alters the ability of the postural control system to adapt external perturbations. Traditional biomechanical models, as well as most clinical approaches, posit

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Mark G.L. Sayers and Stephen Bishop

determine the variables of interest using biomechanical modeling software (Visual3D, C-Motion Inc., Germantown, USA). The propulsive phase of the MBP-P movement was defined as occurring from the point where the vertical ground reaction force exceeded 20 N, with ball release defined as the point where

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Ziemowit Bańkosz and Sławomir Winiarski

Bioengineering). The project required elaboration of the protocol for estimation of kinematics on the basis of marker placement. Thirty-four passive reflective markers were positioned on the player’s body at specific locations of the biomechanical model, including the upper limbs and the head, and were fixed

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Rasool Bagheri, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Mohammad R. Pourahmadi, Elham Jannati, Sayyed H. Fazeli, Rozita Hedayati and Mahmood Akbari

was modeled by placing 4 markers on anterior superior iliac spines and posterior superior iliac spines on both sides. 42 Biomechanical model utilized to evaluate spinal motions has been published elsewhere. 16 , 44 We defined the movement of the trunk in 3 planes as the relative motion of the trunk

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Rachel L. Wright, Joseph W. Bevins, David Pratt, Catherine M. Sackley and Alan M. Wing

were determined within Vicon software based on force platform data. The mean amplitude of the vGRF for each limb was calculated for the stance phase. 5 , 27 Whole-body COM was the weighted sum of each body segment’s COM using a 13-link biomechanical model. COP data were combined from both force

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Hardeep Singh, Mark Lee, Matthew J. Solomito, Christian Merrill and Carl Nissen

in average age, height, and mass, with significant differences between groups with respect to these variables (Table  1 ). Thirty eight retroreflective skin markers were placed at specific bony landmarks to create a 16 segment biomechanical model, using the protocol described by Nissen et al. 19

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Kevin Deschamps, Giovanni Matricali, Maarten Eerdekens, Sander Wuite, Alberto Leardini and Filip Staes

functional instability (eg, weakness of intrinsic foot muscles). The present study has several limitations. First, the receptive and propulsive characteristics of the foot were here investigated by using 2 biomechanical models and a proportionality scheme validated only for walking. 22 In the latter scheme

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Akihiro Tamura, Kiyokazu Akasaka and Takahiro Otsudo

.1177/0363546503261724 15150050 7. Lin CF , Gross M , Ji C , et al . A stochastic biomechanical model for risk and risk factors of non-contact anterior cruciate ligament injuries . J Biomech . 2009 ; 42 ( 4 ): 418 – 423 . PubMed ID: 19200994 doi:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2008.12.005 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2008.12.005 19200994 8

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Toshimasa Yanai, Akifumi Matsuo, Akira Maeda, Hiroki Nakamoto, Mirai Mizutani, Hiroaki Kanehisa and Tetsuo Fukunaga

ground in adolescent baseball pitchers . Sports Health. 2013 ; 5 ( 6 ): 530 – 536 . PubMed doi: 10.1177/1941738113502918 10.1177/1941738113502918 24427428 2. Badura , JM , Raasch , WG , Barber , MP , Harris , GF . A kinematic and kinetic biomechanical model for baseball pitching and its use in

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Louis M. Ferreira, Graham J.W. King and James A. Johnson

rehabilitation techniques to optimize healing. Furthermore, a system for quantifying AMCL tension would allow for the design and evaluation of improved methods for AMCL repair and reconstruction, and facilitate development of an artificial AMCL, as well as in-vitro and in-silico biomechanical models of the elbow