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Jesús Seco-Calvo, Juan Mielgo-Ayuso, César Calvo-Lobo and Alfredo Córdova

considering differences in body composition, such as body fat and body mass, in the individual effects of CWI protocols, as recently demonstrated by Stephens et al. 47 Further performance-oriented research is required to determine whether or not water immersion is beneficial to athletes, as results to date

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Tyler W.D. Muddle, David H. Fukuda, Ran Wang, Joshua J. Riffe, David D. Church, Kyle S. Beyer, Jay R. Hoffman and Jeffrey R. Stout

visits. Body composition was assessed using the BodyMetrix BX2500 (IntelaMetrix Inc., Livermore, CA) A-mode ultrasound device in conjunction with BodyView software (IntelaMetrix, Inc.). The Jackson and Pollock three-site skinfold ( Jackson & Pollock, 1978 ; Jackson, Pollock, & Ward, 1979 ) locations and

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Kunal Bhanot, Navpreet Kaur, Lori Thein Brody, Jennifer Bridges, David C. Berry and Joshua J. Ode

equations for men (chest, abdomen, and thigh) and women (triceps, suprailiac, and abdomen) were used to assess body composition. 23 Skin folds measurements were taken by the guidelines provided by the ACSM’s Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription 23 at the sites mentioned above for both the men

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Hyunjae Jeon, Melanie L. McGrath, Neal Grandgenett and Adam B. Rosen

in sports medicine clinical settings to identify athletes that may be prone to PT. Limitations of this study include an absence of a control group to compare their mean values of each measurement. Ankle mobility, hip alignment, body composition, patellar position, and patellar laxity were not

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Abby L. Cheng, John A. Merlo, Devyani Hunt, Ted Yemm, Robert H. Brophy and Heidi Prather

female youth ice hockey athletes who had reached menarche compared with those who had not, with an incidence rate ratio of 4.1 (95% CI, 1.0–16.8). These findings are notable because although BMI is not an ideal measure of fat versus lean body mass, body composition is modifiable and further investigation

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Zachary Merrill, Grace Bova, April Chambers and Rakié Cham

. 2003 ; 125 : 515 – 522 . PubMed ID: 12968576 doi:10.1115/1.1590359 10.1115/1.1590359 12968576 3. Hughes VA , Roubenoff R , Wood M , Frontera WR , Evans WJ , Fiatarone Singh MA . Anthropometric assessment of 10-y changes in body composition in the elderly . Am J Clin Nutr . 2004 ; 80

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Danny M. Pincivero, Rachael R. Polen and Brittany N. Byrd

Williams & Wilkins ; 2000 : 22 – 32 . 12. Jackson A , Pollock M . Practical assessment of body composition . Phys Sports Med . 1985 ; 13 ( 5 ): 76 – 90 . doi:10.1080/00913847.1985.11708790 10.1080/00913847.1985.11708790 13. Weir JP , Evans SA , Housh DL . The effects of extraneous

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Flávia Cavalcante Monteiro Melo, Kátia Kamila Félix de Lima, Ana Paula Knackfuss Freitas Silveira, Kesley Pablo Morais de Azevedo, Isis Kelly dos Santos, Humberto Jefferson de Medeiros, José Carlos Leitão and Maria Irany Knackfuss

secondary to disability, improving functional capacity. In addition, it brings benefits to body composition and to physical fitness related to health. 16 Due to the functional losses that vary as a result of the individual’s level of injury and the triggering factors, it is necessary to identify the degree

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Janelle Prince, Eric Schussler and Ryan McCann

benefits for body composition, skeletal health, cardiorespiratory fitness, depression, anxiety, and academic achievement, 13 and it also improves cognition through increased cerebral blood flow, oxygen extraction, brain metabolism, and neuroplasticity. 14 – 16 Aerobic exercise conducted at subsymptom and

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ZáNean McClain and E. Andrew Pitchford

Sport Sciences Reviews, 46 (2), 105–111. doi: 10.1249/JES.0000000000000140 Relationship of Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity and Adiposity in Adolescents With Down Syndrome Despite the high prevalence of obesity among adolescents with Down syndrome (DS), the association between body composition and