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expenditure (AEE) in TKD athletes is crucial to advise both safe and effective body mass loss strategies. Twenty male international level TKD athletes had BC assessed via both Dual X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) and 10 commonly utilised skinfold (SKf) equations. A sub sample of eight TKD athletes also completed 3

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cross-over design, male endurance runners (n = 11) performed 2 h of running at 70% V ˙ O 2 max in 25°C T amb and 46% RH. On one occasion participants were provided with water (1689 ± 542 ml; 11.0 ± 3.5 ml/kg) during exercise (euhydration: EUH; 0.6 ± 0.6% body mass loss (BML), P Osmol 291 ± 13 mOsmol

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Oliver R. Barley, Dale W. Chapman, Georgios Mavropalias and Chris R. Abbiss

effects of self-selected regimen of rapid body mass loss in combat sports athletes . J Sports Sci Med . 2008 ; 7 ( 2 ): 210 . PubMed ID: 24149451 24149451 13. Moore B , King D , Kesl L , et al . Effect of rapid dehydration and rehydration on work capacity and muscle metabolism during intense

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Ulrika Andersson-Hall, Stefan Pettersson, Fredrik Edin, Anders Pedersen, Daniel Malmodin and Klavs Madsen

.2165/00007256-200535050-00003 10.2165/00007256-200535050-00003 Mettler , S. , Mitchell , N. , & Tipton , K.D. ( 2010 ). Increased protein intake reduces lean body mass loss during weight loss in athletes . Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 42 ( 2 ), 326 – 337 . PubMed doi:10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181b2ef8e 10.1249/MSS

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Damir Zubac, Hrvoje Karnincic and Damir Sekulic

): 410 – 416 . PubMed ID: 25828698 doi:10.1007/s00059-015-4218-2 25828698 10.1007/s00059-015-4218-2 26. Reljic D , Feist J , Jost J , Kieser M , Friedmann-Bette B . Rapid body mass loss affects erythropoiesis and hemolysis but does not impair aerobic performance in combat athletes . Scand

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Damir Zubac, Drazen Cular and Uros Marusic

, Friedmann-Bette B . Rapid body mass loss affects erythropoiesis and hemolysis but does not impair aerobic performance in combat athletes . Scand J Med Sci Sports . 2016 ; 26 ( 5 ): 507 – 517 . PubMed doi:10.1111/sms.12485 10.1111/sms.12485 25916419 20. Brown AM , De Félix-Dávila RA . Hydration

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Michael J. Zurawlew, Jessica A. Mee and Neil P. Walsh

trainers during which fluid intake matched body mass losses during the AM trial. At 1230 hours, participants were provided with a standardized lunch (0.03 MJ·kg −1 ) and a bolus of water (7 mL·kg −1 body mass). At 1330 hours, participants were prepared for the PM experimental trial. At 1445 hours

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Oliver R. Barley, Dale W. Chapman and Chris R. Abbiss

4% to 12% of body mass overall, which included 3.5% to 7% of body mass within 2 weeks of weigh-in and 1.5% to 4% of body mass within 24 hours of weigh-in. Interestingly, the amount of body mass loss reported as real-world practice suggests that communication of well-controlled scientific research is

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Alan J. McCubbin, Anyi Zhu, Stephanie K. Gaskell and Ricardo J.S. Costa

, and TTE No differences were observed between the trials for pre exercise nude body mass (CES-HGel 75.8 ± 4.7 kg and CES-Std 75.8 ± 4.8 kg; p  = 1.00) or total body water (CES-HGel 44.5 ± 2.5 L and CES-Std 44.6 ± 2.6 L; p  = .513). Body mass loss throughout exercise was not different between trials

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.— Exercise-induced body mass loss (overall mean (SD): 1.4 (0.6) %; p=0.704), Δ P V (-1.5 (2.6) %); p=0.187), and pre- to post-exercise P Osmol (293 (6) to 295 (7) mOsmol/kg, respectively; p=0.297) did not differ between CM and CEB. During the recovery period, there was a main effect of time imposed by the