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. Díaz de Durana * Vicente Carratalá * Nuria Garatachea * Alejandro Lucia * 9 2013 8 5 579 581 10.1123/ijspp.8.5.579 Case Study Natural Bodybuilding Competition Preparation and Recovery: A 12-Month Case Study Lindy M. Rossow * David H. Fukuda * Christopher A. Fahs * Jeremy P. Loenneke

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-0329 Negative Consequences of Low Energy Availability in Natural Male Bodybuilding: A Review Petter Fagerberg * 1 07 2018 28 4 385 402 10.1123/ijsnem.2016-0332 ijsnem.2016-0332 ORIGINAL RESEARCH Low Energy Availability Is Difficult to Assess but Outcomes Have Large Impact on Bone Injury Rates in Elite

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Katie Rodgers

, 57 ( 8 ): 949 – 967 . PubMed ID: 20818524 doi:10.1080/00918369.2010.503502 10.1080/00918369.2010.503502 Connell , R.W. ( 1995 ). Masculinities . Berkeley, CA : University of California Press . Klein , A.M. ( 1993 ). Little big men: Bodybuilding subculture and gender construction . Albany

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Clementine Grandou, Lee Wallace, Aaron J. Coutts, Lee Bell and Franco M. Impellizzeri

. Strongman 4. Bodybuilding 5. Sprinting 6. Hurdles 7. Long jump 8. Triple jump 9. High jump 10. Shot put 11. Javelin 12. Discus 13. CrossFit 14. Rugby union 15. Rugby league 16. American football 17. Pole vault 18. Other   If “other,” please specify Open   How many years have you been training in your sport

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Margo L. Mountjoy, Louise M. Burke, Trent Stellingwerff and Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen

energy availability in natural male bodybuilding: A review . International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism . 1 – 18 . doi:10.1123/ijsnem.2016-0332 Heikura , I. , Uusitalo , A. , Stellingwerff , T. , Bergland , D. , Mero , A. , & Burke , L. ( 2018 ). Low energy

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Hugh Gilmore, Stephen Shannon, Gerard Leavey, Martin Dempster, Shane Gallagher and Gavin Breslin

blood flow and up-regulated muscle protein synthesis ( Yu et al., 2014 ). As such, AAS are efficacious in increasing muscular size, performance, and aesthetics, and consequently, are prevalent in elite sport and professional bodybuilding (i.e., collective estimate of 13.4%; Sagoe, Modle, Andreassen

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Ronald J. Maughan, Susan M. Shirreffs and Alan Vernec

supplements (HDS). Of the sample, 45 had injury caused by bodybuilding HDS, 85 by non-bodybuilding HDS, and 709 by medications. Liver injury caused by HDS increased from 7% to 20% during the study period. More recently, nationally-representative surveillance data from 63 emergency departments were obtained by

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Matt C. Crockett and Ted Butryn

order to witness the hierarchical process of social acceptance into this subculture. This hierarchy of hypermasculinity has been discussed in previous research on gym culture, as Klein ( 1993 ) described similar situations in a bodybuilding gym. Larger and stronger lifters would ask to “work-in” on an

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Andrea S. Hartmann, Florian Steenbergen, Silja Vocks, Dirk Büsch and Manuel Waldorf

pathological symptoms in women. The findings showed that competitive female bodybuilding, i.e., a high drive for muscularity, is associated with symptoms of exercise dependence, dietary behavior, supplement use ( Hale, Diehl, Weaver, & Briggs, 2013 ), body dissatisfaction and eating disorder symptoms

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Kemal Idrizovic, Bahri Gjinovci, Damir Sekulic, Ognjen Uljevic, Paulo Vicente João, Miodrag Spasic and Tine Sattler

regular volleyball training (ie, in the control group). Although anthropometric and body-build indices play an important role in volleyball ( 26 , 29 ), studies have rarely examined the effects of plyometric training on those indices in volleyball players. Plyometric training did not result in changes in