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Brendan Dwyer, Joris Drayer and Stephen L. Shapiro

gambling literature, the cognitive abilities of gamblers are often referred to as “cognitive distortions” because the mental shortcuts, or heuristics, that people use to assess risk and probability are frequently erroneous, particularly for those defined as problem gamblers ( Kahneman & Tversky, 1979

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Kenneth Aggerholm and Kristian Møller Moltke Martiny

knowledge in our hands, which is only given through a bodily effort and cannot be translated by an objective designation” ( Merleau-Ponty, 1962 , p. 166). This implies that bodily understanding and learning are not solely physical or cognitive abilities. They belong to the realm of “I can” and involve

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Kyle Siler

person who leads or directs a group or activity.” Norwood ( 2000 ) observed, “[t]he white-dominated football hierarchy often labeled blacks as ‘athletes’ who should play cornerback, receiver or running back, sometimes suggesting that they lacked the passing and cognitive abilities to play quarterback

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David Geard, Peter R.J. Reaburn, Amanda L. Rebar and Rylee A. Dionigi

activity. For example, genetic profile, physical function, social support, and education have shown to predict cognitive functioning in older adults ( Yaffe et al., 2009 ). However, physical activity and sports participation are effective modifiers of older adults’ cognitive abilities. Although not

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Romain Meeusen and Lieselot Decroix

the cognitive abilities are tested in standardized situations or computerized tests, and therefore the results on these tests are not always transferrable to “real-life” sports situations. Several studies used more “sport-specific” tests. It seems not always easy to separate “cognition” from “sport

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Jeeyoon Kim and Jeffrey D. James

.g., sportsmanship, hard work). In team sport, the sense can come from achievements at individual as well as a team level. In sport participation, achievements are derived from direct experience and can come from physical abilities as well as social and cognitive abilities. In sport spectating and sport media viewing

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relationship between motor skills and cognitive abilities, (2) present selected findings in individuals with and without motor and/or cognitive impairments, and (3) discuss future aspects of the motor-cognitive connection. Motor Learning and Control Coordination Dynamics of Locomotion in Health and Disease