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Myriam Paquette, François Bieuzen and François Billaut

been properly validated. Therefore, the peripheral disturbances reported in the current study during on-water events will have to be ascertained. This study is a correlational study describing the physiological characteristics of successful sprint canoe–kayak athletes; therefore, causal relationships

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Stéphanie Girard, Jérôme St-Amand and Roch Chouinard

et al., 2005 ; Gråstén & Watt, 2016 ; Papaioannou et al., 2006 ). The previous results indicate the importance to consider both contextual (climate) and individual (achievement motivation) variables in PE to explain students’ LTPA. In this sense, a correlational study examined the relationships

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Mohsen Shafizadeh, Jane Manson, Sally Fowler-Davis, Khalid Ali, Anna C. Lowe, Judy Stevenson, Shahab Parvinpour and Keith Davids

randomized controlled trials (20 studies, 50%) that investigated the effect of environment hazards in falls prevention or a specific task intervention on neuromotor fitness components. The correlational study (12 studies, 30%) was the second highest common research design that was mainly used to explore the

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Scott A. Graupensperger, Alex J. Benson and M. Blair Evans

behave in line with perceived team norms. Although this evidence base supports the interrelatedness between perceived behaviors of teammates and one’s own behavior, correlational studies using perceived norms scales are limited in the ability to demonstrate peer influence (i.e., athletes’ own behaviors

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Erja Portegijs, Erik J. Timmermans, Maria V. Castell, Elaine M. Dennison, Florian Herbolsheimer, Federica Limongi, Suzan van der Pas, Laura A. Schaap, Natasja van Schoor and Dorly J.H. Deeg

-efficient for use in correlational studies and large cohorts ( Cerin et al., 2017 ; Schrack et al., 2016 ). The validity and reliability of the validated questionnaires may not apply to a selection of questions, but unfortunately, in the current study, they could not be reestablished. Over time, neighborhood

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Yijian Yang, Kimberley S. van Schooten, Heather A. McKay, Joanie Sims-Gould, Raymond A. Hoang and Stephen N. Robinovitch

-experimental study  III Evidence from nonexperimental descriptive studies, such as comparative studies, correlation studies, and case-control studies  IV Evidence from expert committee reports or opinions or clinical experience of respected authorities, or both Strength of recommendation:  A Directly based on

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Amanda J. Visek, Heather Mannix, Avinash Chandran, Sean D. Cleary, Karen A. McDonnell and Loretta DiPietro

recreational players, and so on). These differential expectations are learned early in life, from which societal practices reinforce gender binary perceptions, practices, and assumptions ( Hyde et al., 2019 ). Both experimental and correlational studies of children have shown when people are explicitly sorted

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Nancy Getchell, Nadja Schott and Ali Brian

functions or sequences. After developmental functions had been depicted, the next research phase involved “correlational study of age changes”. This involved examining two or more developmental variables to determine the degree to which they were associated. This phase provided the internal, structural

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Alex J. Benson and Mark Eys

-wave correlational study). In addition, the subscales of the STSTQ exhibited acceptable levels of internal consistency (Studies 3 and 4). Collectively, these efforts identified a three-dimensional model underlying the STSTQ and provided initial evidence for its validity and reliability as a measure of the