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Shuge Zhang, Stuart Beattie, Amanda Pitkethly and Chelsey Dempsey

). Independence of performance and self-report measures of distractibility . Journal of Social Psychology, 130 , 781 – 787 . doi:10.1080/00224545.1990.9924630 10.1080/00224545.1990.9924630 Poczwardowski , A. , & Conroy , D.E. ( 2002 ). Coping responses to failure and success among elite athletes and

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and 19 to 32% for women. A similar independence of the responses for age was also evident by the respondents indicating salt tablets should not be made available, with values ranging from 24 to 26% for men and 26 to 33% for women. Of the 575 respondents indicating a belief that salt tablets should be

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Alessandro Quartiroli, Sharon M. Knight, Edward F. Etzel and Rebecca A. Zakrajsek

experienced by these participants seemed to arise from a sense of job-related risk or instability due to perceived threat of unemployment and consequent fear of losing economic independence ( Blair, 2001 ; Burchill et al., 1999 ). The perception of precariousness becomes especially strong when individuals

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Daniel B. Robinson, Lynn Randall and Joe Barrett

. It is somewhat encouraging to see some others share this same concern for this confusion about FMS as it relates to physical literacy (e.g.,  Almond, 2014 ; McCaffery & Singleton, 2013 ). For example, and as Almond ( 2014 ) has observed, “self-directed learning, independence and responsibility do

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Andrew Evans, Robert Morris, Jamie Barker, Tom Johnson, Zoe Brenan and Ben Warner

teammates • Developing independence • Not seeing friends • Increased physical demands • Viewing setbacks as opportunities • Being proactive (e.g., changing position) • Turning negatives into positives • Learning from mistakes • Using previous experience to enhance self-confidence • Being happy as a person

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K. Andrew R. Richards, Nicholas Washburn and Ye Hoon Lee

independence of the constructs and is ensured when AVE for a construct is greater than the correlations between that construct and others in the model ( Teo et al., 2009 ). Structural equation modeling After verifying the factor structure of the measurement model, latent variable analyses proceeded into

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Tammy Sheehy, Sam Zizzi, Kristen Dieffenbach and Lee-Ann Sharp

the physical and mental strength that are deemed critical for coaching ( West, Green, Brackenridge, & Woodward, 2001 ). It may be particularly important that female coaches, at least outwardly, ascribe to masculine norms of strength and independence to maintain their coaching careers. An interesting

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Eva Guijarro, Ann MacPhail, Sixto González-Víllora and Natalia María Arias-Palencia

represents two TPSR levels: effort (four items referring to self-motivation or exploration of effort and new tasks) and self-direction (three items referring to on-task independence or goal-setting progression). For example, “I try to work hard even though I do not like the activity” and “I set goals

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James A. Betts, Javier T. Gonzalez, Louise M. Burke, Graeme L. Close, Ina Garthe, Lewis J. James, Asker E. Jeukendrup, James P. Morton, David C. Nieman, Peter Peeling, Stuart M. Phillips, Trent Stellingwerff, Luc J.C. van Loon, Clyde Williams, Kathleen Woolf, Ron Maughan and Greg Atkinson

 = 10. This approach breaks the assumption of independence of cases, inflates degrees of freedom, and can be misleading: Indeed, within-subjects correlations between two variables measured over time may be different from between-subjects correlations between two variables measured at the same point in

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Philippe Hellard, Robin Pla, Ferran A. Rodríguez, David Simbana and David B. Pyne

, the independence and normality of the residuals were verified. Subsequently the physiological variables were taken one by one and compared according to age, performance level, and stroke style by 1-way analysis of variance. When the distributions were not normal (Kolmogorov–Smirnov’s test), Kruskal