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Haixia Guo, Michaela A. Schenkelberg, Jennifer R. O’Neill, Marsha Dowda and Russell R. Pate

’s institutional review board provided ethical approval for the study. Measures MS Performance Gross MS performance was assessed using the CHAMPS MS protocol (CMSP), a standardized MS protocol that assesses the movement process characteristics of 6 locomotor and 6 object control skills. The CMSP has been validated for 3

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Nadia Cristina Valentini, Glauber Carvalho Nobre, Mariele Santayana de Souza and Michael J. Duncan

Gross Motor Development-2 has 2 subtests: locomotor skills (LOCS; run, gallop, hop, leap, jump, and slide) and object control skills (OCS; strike, dribble, catch, kick, throw, and underhand roll). Overall raw scores and standard scores were provided; raw scores were used in the present study. Two

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Cecilia Hoi Sze Chan, Amy Sau Ching Ha and Johan Yau Yin Ng

terms of mastery in common FMS, which fall into three broad categories: locomotor, object-control, and stability skills ( Gallahue, Ozmun, & Goodway, 2012 ). Locomotor skills involve changes in location of the body from one point to another (e.g., running, leaping, jumping, hopping, galloping, and

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Xiaoxia Zhang, Xiangli Gu, Tao Zhang, Priscila Caçola and Jing Wang

skills (FMS; locomotor and object control skills) and healthy movement behaviors, such as engaging in regular physical activities and sitting less ( 1 ). FMS are basic movement patterns that are considered “building blocks” to be later adapted and refined to specific movement contexts and sports ( 7

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Anderson Henry Pereira Feitoza, Rafael dos Santos Henrique, Lisa M. Barnett, Alessandro Hervaldo Nicolai Ré, Vítor Pires Lopes, E. Kipling Webster, Leah E. Robinson, Wivianne A. Cavalcante and Maria Teresa Cattuzzo

Materials and Procedure PMC was assessed using the Pictorial Scale of Perceived Movement Skill Competence for Young Children (PMSC; Barnett, Vazou, et al., 2016 ), which evaluates PMC for fundamental motor skills: six locomotor skills (i.e., run, gallop, hop, leap, jumping forwards, and slide) and six ball

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Bronagh McGrane, Sarahjane Belton, Stuart J. Fairclough, Danielle Powell and Johann Issartel

Fundamental movement skills (FMS) have been defined as basic observable patterns of movement. 1 There are 3 subtests of FMS: locomotor skills (eg, run, skip, hop); object control skills (eg, catch, kick, strike); and stability (balance). 1 Gallahue et al 1 highlight that children have the

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Hyokju Maeng, E. Kipling Webster, E. Andrew Pitchford and Dale A. Ulrich

criterion-referenced and process-oriented skills that can assist teachers in designing individualized motor skill development programs. The TGMD is theoretically grounded in Burton and Miller’s ( 1998 ) taxonomy of movement skills. Burton and Miller ( 1998 ) defined FMS as locomotor and object

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Yucui Diao, Cuixiang Dong, Lisa M. Barnett, Isaac Estevan, Jing Li and Liu Ji

forehand strike of self-bounced ball, one hand stationary dribble, kick a stationary ball, two hands catch, overhand throw, and underhand throw) and six locomotor (run, gallop, hop, skip, horizontal jump, and slide) skills as the TGMD-3 ( Maeng, Webster, & Ulrich, 2016 ). In order to accommodate a younger

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Louise L. Hardy, Ding Ding, Louisa R. Peralta, Seema Mihrshahi and Dafna Merom

completed was categorized as “needs improvement” or in the “healthy zone,” according to the age- and sex-adjusted criterion-reference standard from FitnessGram®. 23 Seven FMS were assessed: 4 locomotor skills (sprint run, vertical jump, side gallop, and leap) and 3 object control skills (catch, overarm

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Fotini Venetsanou, Irene Kossyva, Nadia Valentini, Anastasia-Evangelia Afthentopoulou and Lisa Barnett

) that matches the TGMD-3 ( Ulrich, 2014 ) was used. Seven questions of this version assess perceived object control skills (OC; bounce, catch, kick, overhead throw, underhand throw, two-hand strike, one-hand strike) and six assess locomotor skills (LOC; gallop, hop, jump, run, slide, skip). Each child