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Romain Meeusen and Lieselot Decroix

 al. ( 2017 ) +     Cocoa flavanol 520 or 994 mg Scholey et al. ( 2008 )     +   450 mg Francis et al. ( 2006 )   ↑ regional perfusion +   903 mg Decroix et al. ( 2016 )   ↑ regional perfusion / Beetroot juice Meta-analysis Dominguez et al. ( 2017 ) +       12.8 mmol nitrate/day 7 days Thompson et al. ( 2015

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Ronald J. Maughan, Susan M. Shirreffs and Alan Vernec

from those that limit performance in the untrained or recreationally active individuals who most often participate in laboratory studies. This may affect the response to supplementation. For example, several studies have shown that acute supplementation with nitrate can reduce the oxygen cost of

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Alexei Wong, Marcos A. Sanchez-Gonzalez, Won-Mok Son, Yi-Sub Kwak and Song-Young Park

nitric oxide (NO) production, total nitrite/nitrate concentration was assayed using a commercially available Griess assay kit from Cayman Chemical (Ann Arbor, MI). The amount of nitrite/nitrate produced in the reaction mixture was determined spectrophotometrically at 540 nm (OD540) using a microplate

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Gary J. Slater, Jennifer Sygo and Majke Jorgensen

sprint athletes Yes, although benefits in highly trained sprinters are likely to be lower Blancquaert et al. ( 2015 ), Hobson et al. ( 2013 ), Saunders et al. ( 2017 ), and Suzuki et al. ( 2002 ) Dietary nitrate Improved muscle oxygenation Improved muscle metabolic efficiency Improved contractile

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Scott Cocking, Mathew G. Wilson, David Nichols, N. Timothy Cable, Daniel J. Green, Dick H. J. Thijssen and Helen Jones

are likely task and/or intensity specific. The capability of IPC to enhance aerobic exercise capacity, 4 , 29 , 30 yet have smaller ergogenic effects on fixed-endpoint performance, 12 is a relationship also observed after the use of nitrate-based dietary interventions 32 and might provide some

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Jaqueline P. Batista, Igor M. Mariano, Tállita C.F. Souza, Juliene G. Costa, Jéssica S. Giolo, Nádia C. Cheik, Foued S. Espindola, Sarah Everman and Guilherme M. Puga

.107 10.7727/wimj.2012.107 Granger , D.L. , Taintor , R.R. , Boockvar , K.S. , & Hibbs , J.B.J. ( 1995 ). Determination of nitrate and nitrite in biological samples using bacterial nitrate reductase coupled with the Griess reaction . Methods, 7 , 78 – 83 . doi:10.1006/meth.1995.1011 10

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Matthew David Cook and Mark Elisabeth Theodorus Willems

forearm following consumption was different for those with different expressions of the eNOS gene Glu298Asp, whereby there was higher endothelium-dependent vasodilation response in GG (guanine and guanine) individuals compared with GT (guanine and thymine). Interestingly, plasma nitrate and nitrite

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Kirsty Brock, Prokopios Antonellis, Matthew I. Black, Fred J. DiMenna, Anni Vanhatalo, Andrew M. Jones and Stephen J. Bailey

; 536 : 947 – 956 . PubMed doi:10.1111/j.1469-7793.2001.00947.x 11691886 10.1111/j.1469-7793.2001.00947.x 27. Bailey SJ , Fulford J , Vanhatalo A , et al . Dietary nitrate supplementation enhances muscle contractile efficiency during knee-extensor exercise in humans . J Appl Physiol . 2010

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Ina Garthe and Ronald J. Maughan

pharmaceutical control. Ergogenic supplements: Supplements intended to enhance performance Caffeine, β-alanine, bicarbonate, nitrate (beetroot juice), creatine Ergogenic supplements that are not on the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) prohibited list are concentrates of substances found in food. There is a risk

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Jennifer Sygo, Alicia Kendig Glass, Sophie C. Killer and Trent Stellingwerff

excess weight from water retention. During specific training blocks b During specific training blocks b a a Nitrates (beetroot) Increased NO availability has been shown to improve muscle function and lower O 2 demand at submaximal exercise, and emerging data suggest enhanced function of Type II (fast