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Marjan Mosalman Haghighi, Yorgi Mavros and Maria A. Fiatarone Singh

heterogeneity, with pooling of remaining studies if residual I 2 was less than 75%. (2) A stratification meta-analysis was conducted for binary variables selected a priori, including subjective measurement/objective measurement, using pedometer/no pedometer, and lifestyle/PA alone, with respect to change in

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Chiaki Tanaka, Xanne Janssen, Mark Pearce, Kathryn Parkinson, Laura Basterfield, Ashley Adamson and John J. Reilly

was obtained from the parent/main caregiver of each child, and children provided assent to their participation. Objective Measurement of SB and PA Overall SB and PA were measured with the Actigraph GT1M accelerometer (Actigraph LLC, Pensacola, FA) as described previously. 21 The Actigraph has high

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Willemijn M.J. van Rooij, H.J.G. van den Berg-Emons, Herwin L.D. Horemans, Malou H.J. Fanchamps, Fred A. de Laat and Johannes B.J. Bussmann

detailed information about physical behavior in people with a lower-limb amputation, large-scale studies using objective measurement instruments are needed. Several activity monitors have been used in this patient group, such as the VitaPort ( Bussmann, Reuvekamp, Veltink, Martens, & Stam, 1998

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Ryan McGrath, Chantal A. Vella, Philip W. Scruggs, Mark D. Peterson, Christopher J. Williams and David R. Paul

.1186/1471-2288-8-38 13. Janssen X , Basterfield L , Parkinson KN , et al . Objective measurement of sedentary behavior: impact of non-wear time rules on changes in sedentary time . BMC Public Health . 2015 ; 15 ( 1 ): 504 . doi:10.1186/s12889-015-1847-6 10.1186/s12889-015-1847-6 26001579 14. Balady GJ

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Johan Pelssers, Emalie Hurkmans, Jeroen Scheerder, Norbert Vanbeselaere, Steven Vos, Tim Smits and Filip Boen

questionnaire showed similar psychometric properties compared with the original version. Nevertheless, for further longitudinal studies, we recommend to test the reliability of these questionnaires. The fourth limitation of our study is the lack of an objective measurement for the level of physical activity. It

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Amanda Santos, Sandra Silva-Santos, Michael Duncan, Maria João Lagoa, Susana Vale and Jorge Mota

study and the objective measurement of ST and PA should be considered as strengths. Given the small number of studies that have examined associations between changes in ST, MVPA, and BMI over time in young schoolchildren, especially using objective measurement, the results of the present study extend

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Neal R. Glaviano and Susan Saliba

multifactorial, supporting the need to evaluate patient impairments when developing a treatment plan. The subjective and objective measurements provide essential information that clinicians can use to identify groups that may respond more positively in a specific intervention program. This theory is supported by

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Danilo R. Silva, Cláudia S. Minderico, Pedro B. Júdice, André O. Werneck, David Ohara, Edilson S. Cyrino and Luís B. Sardinha

accelerometers in youth physical activity studies: a review of methods . J Phys Act Health . 2013 ; 10 ( 3 ): 437 – 450 . PubMed ID: 23620392 doi:10.1123/jpah.10.3.437 23620392 10.1123/jpah.10.3.437 12. Byrom B , Stratton G , Mc Carthy M , Muehlhausen W . Objective measurement of sedentary

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Gabrielle Stubblefield, Jeffrey Tilly and Kathy Liu

. Future research examining the comparison of an acute injury to baseline measurements should also include subjective and other objective measurements. Other subjective data should include a questionnaire such as the Foot and Ankle Ability Measure, 15 Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool, 16 and a pain

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Dietrich Rothenbacher, Dhayana Dallmeier, Michael D. Denkinger, Bernhard O. Boehm, Wolfgang Koenig, Jochen Klenk and ActiFE Study Group

explain these results. The following strengths and limitations need to be considered. A strength of this study is the objective measurement of PA, specifically walking duration. Self-report is prone to bias and may be a particular issue in older adults. However, the results are based on a cross