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Chiaki Tanaka, Xanne Janssen, Mark Pearce, Kathryn Parkinson, Laura Basterfield, Ashley Adamson and John J. Reilly

was obtained from the parent/main caregiver of each child, and children provided assent to their participation. Objective Measurement of SB and PA Overall SB and PA were measured with the Actigraph GT1M accelerometer (Actigraph LLC, Pensacola, FA) as described previously. 21 The Actigraph has high

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Marjan Mosalman Haghighi, Yorgi Mavros and Maria A. Fiatarone Singh

heterogeneity, with pooling of remaining studies if residual I 2 was less than 75%. (2) A stratification meta-analysis was conducted for binary variables selected a priori, including subjective measurement/objective measurement, using pedometer/no pedometer, and lifestyle/PA alone, with respect to change in

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Amanda Santos, Sandra Silva-Santos, Michael Duncan, Maria João Lagoa, Susana Vale and Jorge Mota

study and the objective measurement of ST and PA should be considered as strengths. Given the small number of studies that have examined associations between changes in ST, MVPA, and BMI over time in young schoolchildren, especially using objective measurement, the results of the present study extend

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Johan Pelssers, Emalie Hurkmans, Jeroen Scheerder, Norbert Vanbeselaere, Steven Vos, Tim Smits and Filip Boen

questionnaire showed similar psychometric properties compared with the original version. Nevertheless, for further longitudinal studies, we recommend to test the reliability of these questionnaires. The fourth limitation of our study is the lack of an objective measurement for the level of physical activity. It

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Neal R. Glaviano and Susan Saliba

multifactorial, supporting the need to evaluate patient impairments when developing a treatment plan. The subjective and objective measurements provide essential information that clinicians can use to identify groups that may respond more positively in a specific intervention program. This theory is supported by

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Ryan McGrath, Chantal A. Vella, Philip W. Scruggs, Mark D. Peterson, Christopher J. Williams and David R. Paul

.1186/1471-2288-8-38 13. Janssen X , Basterfield L , Parkinson KN , et al . Objective measurement of sedentary behavior: impact of non-wear time rules on changes in sedentary time . BMC Public Health . 2015 ; 15 ( 1 ): 504 . doi:10.1186/s12889-015-1847-6 10.1186/s12889-015-1847-6 26001579 14. Balady GJ

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Willemijn M.J. van Rooij, H.J.G. van den Berg-Emons, Herwin L.D. Horemans, Malou H.J. Fanchamps, Fred A. de Laat and Johannes B.J. Bussmann

detailed information about physical behavior in people with a lower-limb amputation, large-scale studies using objective measurement instruments are needed. Several activity monitors have been used in this patient group, such as the VitaPort ( Bussmann, Reuvekamp, Veltink, Martens, & Stam, 1998

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André O. Werneck, Evelyn C.A. Silva, Maria R.O. Bueno, Lidyane Z. Vignadelli, Adewale L. Oyeyemi, Catiana L.P. Romanzini, Enio R.V. Ronque and Marcelo Romanzini

studies are needed to understand the causal nature of the associations. Notwithstanding, by our knowledge, this was the first study that described the association between sedentary behavior patterns, using objective measurement and adiposity indicators from a middle-income country. Middle-income countries

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Kristina L. Dunn, R. Curtis Bay, Javier F. Cárdenas, Matthew Anastasi, Tamara C. Valovich McLeod and Richelle M. Williams

that are affordable and easily completed in the clinical setting or on the athletic field. Development of the Sway Balance™ mobile application allows for improved objective measurements of postural control in the field setting. The use of this application on multiple devices during preparticipation

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Ana Queralt and Javier Molina-García

objective measurements, such as geographical information systems. 4 Indeed, a previous meta-analysis identified the need for the objective assessment of the environment using geographical information system to obtain robust evidence when PA is analyzed. 2 Previous studies have usually classified built