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Salomé Aubert, Joel D. Barnes, Megan L. Forse, Evan Turner, Silvia A. González, Jakub Kalinowski, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Eun-Young Lee, Reginald Ocansey, John J. Reilly, Natasha Schranz, Leigh M. Vanderloo and Mark S. Tremblay

and Youth was first created in 2005 by Active Healthy Kids Canada, a registered not-for-profit organization, to advocate for the promotion of physical activity in Canadian children and youth. 11 A summary of the Report Card background and development process has been published elsewhere. 12 The

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Silvia Varela, José M. Cancela, Manuel Seijo-Martinez and Carlos Ayán

the outcome variable. World Health Organization falls questionnaire The number of falls was assessed by means of an item of the Spanish-adapted version of the World Health Organization questionnaire ( Vidan-Astiz, Vellas, & Montemayor, 1993 ) that registers every fall from the beginning of the

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Basia Belza, Christina E. Miyawaki, Peg Allen, Diane K. King, David X. Marquez, Dina L. Jones, Sarah Janicek, Dori Rosenberg and David R. Brown

factors. This model suggests that individual, interpersonal, community, organizational, and societal factors should be considered when planning and implementing health promotion interventions. Considering the purposes of our study, which aimed to gain a better understanding of mall walking from multiple

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Katherine Reta Devonshire-Gill and Kevin Ian Norton

health. The World Health Organization (WHO) has identified continuous long-term monitoring of PA as an essential component of strategies to arrest the growing worldwide burden of noncommunicable chronic disease (NCD). 1 However, accurate monitoring of PA engagement at the population level can be

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Inácio Crochemore M. da Silva, Grégore I. Mielke, Andréa D. Bertoldi, Paulo Sergio Dourado Arrais, Vera Lucia Luiza, Sotero Serrate Mengue and Pedro C. Hallal

Activity Questionnaire or Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ). 4 – 6 World Health Organization (WHO) has adopted and recommended the use of the GPAQ, 7 , 8 which is being used in the STEPwise approach ( ) for physical activity surveillance. 9 Although some local

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David G. Behm

athletes in individual sports also reported higher training volumes and greater rates of overuse injuries than single-sport specialized athletes in team sports. Commentary Typically, sports organizations and athletes that are successful in accumulating national or international medals and acclaim receive

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Julia Freedman Silvernail, Richard E.A. van Emmerik, Katherine Boyer, Michael A. Busa and Joseph Hamill

as a surrogate measure for the underlying organization of the movement. Measures of movement coordination can provide information on the health of the motor system and may also provide insight to the mechanism for overuse injury as altered magnitude and timing of segment motions can change the strain

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Ross C. Brownson, Diana C. Parra, Marsela Dauti, Jenine K. Harris, Pedro C. Hallal, Christine Hoehner, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Rodrigo S. Reis, Luiz Roberto Ramos, Isabela C. Ribeiro, Jesus Soares and Michael Pratt


Physical inactivity is a significant public health problem in Brazil that may be addressed by partnerships and networks. In conjunction with Project GUIA (Guide for Useful Interventions for Physical Activity in Brazil and Latin America), the aim of this study was to conduct a social network analysis of physical activity in Brazil.


An online survey was completed by 28 of 35 organizations contacted from December 2008 through March 2009. Network analytic methods examined measures of collaboration, importance, leadership, and attributes of the respondent and organization.


Leadership nominations for organizations studied ranged from 0 to 23. Positive predictors of collaboration included: south region, GUIA membership, years working in physical activity, and research, education, and promotion/practice areas of physical activity. The most frequently reported barrier to collaboration was bureaucracy.


Social network analysis identified factors that are likely to improve collaboration among organizations in Brazil.

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Alaaddine El-Chab and Miriam E. Clegg

In 2010, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) published the first edition of guidelines for standardizing the determination of the glycemic index (GI) of foods for practice and research purposes ( International Standards Office, 2010 ). According to the report, subjects should

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Ray M. Merrill

) across the counties. Sex-specific county-level LTPI by the predictor variables were first assessed using simple regression. Associations were then evaluated using univariate and multivariate 2-level organizational models (or mixed models). The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was computed to