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Robert W. Motl and Rachel Bollaert

involves examining if and how we can change sedentary behavior in this population. This might involve learning from paradigms applied with the general population for “breaking up sedentary behavior” and then “replacing sedentary behavior with light physical activity” as an approach for reducing sedentary

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Rainer Martens

The dissatisfaction with the existing scientific paradigm of social psychology, and its adoption in sport psychology, is discussed. Although many metapsychological issues are raised, attention focuses on the inadequacies of laboratory experimental research. As a partial solution in the development of a new paradigm, it is suggested that sport psychologists trade their smocks for “jocks,” turning their efforts to multivariate, long-term field research.

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Emmanuel Ducrocq, Mark Wilson, Tim J. Smith and Nazanin Derakshan

executive functions and efficiency in sports. Ducrocq, Wilson, Vine, and Derakshan ( 2016 ) employed a training paradigm specifically designed to target the inhibition function of WM with the aim of protecting tennis players from the negative impact of competitive anxiety via improved inhibition. Compared

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Yonghwan Chang

in a greater likelihood of favorable consumer evaluation of celebrities who have negative publicity. The current study attempts to expand existing research paradigms (e.g., Amos et al., 2008 ) by examining this seeming paradox and further develop current theoretical understanding of the effects of

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Jane Jie Yu, Chia-Liang Tsai, Chien-Yu Pan, Ru Li and Cindy Hui-Ping Sit

neural network supporting executive function). 7 , 8 Furthermore, some studies have reported a close link between increased PA participation and improved executive function in attention networks in children. 9 , 10 For instance, using a visuospatial attention experiment (Posner paradigm), one previous

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Gustavo Sandri Heidner, Patrick M. Rider, J.C. Mizelle, Caitlin M. O’Connell, Nicholas P. Murray and Zachary J. Domire

moving visual field with 2-D displays has been used to challenge balance for some time. 3 – 5 However, more immersive headset VR paradigms have proven to be a more effective method to challenge and perturb balance. 6 Despite its growing popularity and demonstrated efficacy, 7 , 8 there is little

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Melanie Vetter, Helen O’Connor, Nicholas O’Dwyer and Rhonda Orr

understanding, and teachers provide the learning environment, opportunities, and interactions. 12 Another emerging paradigm, “physically active learning,” may be described as combining learning with physical activity, where learning happens “on the move.” Research on the simultaneous combination of physical

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Dylan Brennan, Aleksandra A. Zecevic, Shannon L. Sibbald and Volker Nolte

athletes. A paradigmatic framework was consistent with both interpretivism and constructivism. Under this paradigm, a person’s reality is not generalizable to another person’s reality ( Ponterotto, 2005 ), but it is intended to help other older adults reflect on solutions to their own fall-risk experience

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Katie A. Conway, Randall G. Bissette and Jason R. Franz

critical limitation overcome using a maximum impeding force paradigm during walking. Ultimately, the reference data presented here pave the way for future studies on aging or gait pathology. Indeed, insight into the magnitude of propulsive capacity reserves would empower the more discriminate and

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Michelle R. Tanel, Tyler B. Weaver and Andrew C. Laing

balance paradigms. Although we made an a priori decision to examine 4 postural steadiness variables toward comprehensively examining potential associations, correlations between the COP variables resulted in some redundancy (and an increased number of comparisons performed). For example, during postural