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Deborah Hebling Spinoso, Nise Ribeiro Marques, Dain Patrick LaRoche, Camilla Zamfollini Hallal, Aline Harumi Karuka, Fernanda Cristina Milanezi and Mauro Gonçalves

). Greater perceived effort and fatigue, in turn, may reduce habitual gait speed, reduce activity participation, contribute to mobility and ADL disabilities, and increase the probability of falling ( Crombie et al., 2004 ; Parijat & Lockhart, 2008 ; Simonsick, Schrack, Glynn, & Ferrucci, 2014

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Corrado Lupo, Alexandru Nicolae Ungureanu, Riccardo Frati, Matteo Panichi, Simone Grillo and Paolo Riccardo Brustio

been speculated that the practice of open skill exercises, in general, and the high level of focus on the opponents’ actions, in particular, lead players to perceive efforts as less demanding. 10 Coherently to this finding, youth water polo players showed higher correlations between Edwards’ and

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Stephen P. Bailey, Julie Hibbard, Darrin La Forge, Madison Mitchell, Bart Roelands, G. Keith Harris and Stephen Folger

Although the design of this investigation does not have the ability to determine if perceived effort or reward is impacted by the CHO MR, the increase in MEPs following all 3 CHO MR suggests that corticospinal activity is increased. These findings are similar to those of Gant et al, 3 who found that TMS

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Jordan Andre Martenstyn, Lauren Powell, Natasha Nassar, Mark Hamer and Emmanuel Stamatakis

question about perceived effort during sports, they did not measure PA volume. 16 To our knowledge, no study has compared mortality risk estimates derived from absolute and corrected METs. The aim of this study was to compare these 2 intensity-weighted PA volume estimation methods (absolute vs corrected

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Simon A. Feros, Warren B. Young and Brendan J. O’Brien

mean ball-release speed exhibit excellent reliability and high sensitivity. Delivery rating of perceived effort was deemed to have acceptable reliability, while mean radial error, bivariate variable error, and variability of ball-release speed possessed poor reliability and low sensitivity

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Timothy Martinson, Stephen A. Butterfield, Craig A. Mason, Shihfen Tu, Robert A. Lehnhard and Christopher J. Nightingale

are common struggles for adolescents with ADHD) have been shown to negatively affect executive function ( 19 ). O’Neill and Douglas ( 13 ) reported that students with ADHD often choose strategies based on the perceived effort required to execute task and behavioral strategies—typically avoiding

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Enrique Colino, Jorge Garcia-Unanue, Leonor Gallardo, Carl Foster, Alejandro Lucia and Jose Luis Felipe

also tended to be higher, although differences did not exhibit statistical significance. Regarding the asphalt versus tartan comparison, statistical significance in RPE and small-to-large ES values in HR suggest that trials performed on the tartan required lower physiological stress and perceived

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Zackary S. Cicone, Oleg A. Sinelnikov and Michael R. Esco

directed through a pneumotachometer via flexible plastic tubing. Borg’s rating of perceived exertion (RPE) scale ( 4 ) was used to assess perceived effort at the end of each stage. Criteria for attaining a maximal effort in adolescents are not as well defined as those for adults due to different

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Ali M. McManus, Nathan R. Sletten and Daniel J. Green

-trial coefficients of variation for FMD (%) and baseline diameter were 8.2% and 3.0%, respectively. An Eston–Parfitt curvilinear RPE scale ( 17 ) adapted for children was used to compare the perceived effort of the exercise trials. The RPE scale was placed in front of the children during the final 15 seconds of each

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Jorge López-Fernández, Javier Sánchez-Sánchez, Jorge García-Unanue, José Luis Felipe, Enrique Colino and Leonor Gallardo

players’ physiological responses. The lack of differences between AT and NG with respect to HR mean and HR peak in this and previous studies suggest that both surfaces elicit similar physiological responses, 6 , 8 although perceived effort may be higher on AT than on NG. 4 Nevertheless, the