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Richard Tyler, Marianne Mannello, Rebecca Mattingley, Chris Roberts, Robert Sage, Suzan R Taylor, Malcolm Ward, Simon Williams and Gareth Stratton

Background:

This is the second Active Healthy Kids Wales Report Card. The 2016 version consolidates and translates research related to physical activity (PA) among children and youth in Wales, and aims to raise the awareness of children’s engagement in PA and sedentary behaviors.

Methods:

Ten PA indicators were graded using the Active Healthy Kids—Canada Report Card methodology involving a synthesis and expert consensus of the best available evidence.

Results:

Grades were assigned as follows: Overall PA, D+; Organized Sport Participation, C; Active and Outdoor Play, C; Active Transportation, C; Sedentary Behaviors, D-; Physical Literacy, INC; Family and Peer Influences, D+; School, B; Community and the Built Environment, C; and National Government Policy, Strategies, and Investments, B-.

Conclusions:

Despite the existence of sound policies, programs, and infrastructure, PA levels of children and youth in Wales are one of the lowest and sedentary behavior one of the highest globally. From the 2014 Report Card, the Family and Peer Influences grade improved from D to D+, whereas Community and the Built Environment dropped from B to C. These results indicate that a concerted effort is required to increase PA and decrease sedentary time in children and young people in Wales.

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ZáNean McClain, E. Andrew Pitchford and Jill Pawlowski

, 33 (3), 874–889. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002381 Comparison of Motivation Among Adolescents With Visual Impairments While there have been differences in the operational definition of physical literacy across studies, many have identified motivation as an important component in the development of

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Lowri C. Edwards, Richard Tyler, Dylan Blain, Anna Bryant, Neil Canham, Lauren Carter-Davies, Cain Clark, Tim Evans, Ceri Greenall, Julie Hobday, Anwen Jones, Marianne Mannello, Emily Marchant, Maggie Miller, Graham Moore, Kelly Morgan, Sarah Nicholls, Chris Roberts, Michael Sheldrick, Karen Thompson, Nalda Wainwright, Malcolm Ward, Simon Williams and Gareth Stratton

Wales, an additional indicator was included: Physical Literacy. The indicators were evaluated using a standardized grading scheme ranging from A+ (94–100% of children met the criteria), to F (0–19% meet the criteria) or Inconclusive (Inc; indicated that data was inadequate or not available). Data from

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Joel D. Barnes, Christine Cameron, Valerie Carson, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Rachel C. Colley, Guy E.J. Faulkner, Ian Janssen, Roger Kramers, Travis J. Saunders, John C. Spence, Patricia Tucker, Leigh M. Vanderloo and Mark S. Tremblay

Physical Activity, Organized Sport and Physical Activity Participation, Active Play, Active Transportation, Sedentary Behaviors, Physical Fitness, Family and Peers, School, Community and Environment, Government). Additional indicators included Physical Education, Physical Literacy, Sleep, and 24-Hour

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INTERNATIONAL SPORT COACHING JOURNAL

DIGEST VOLUME 5, ISSUE #1

Sergio Lara-Bercial, A.J. Rankin-Wright, Jason Tee, Fieke Rongen, Tom Mitchell, Mike Ashford, David Piggott and Kevin Till

shape educational programming and educate coaches on a range of strategies that can be used to prevent burnout within their athletes. Evaluating Approaches to Physical Literacy Through the Lens of Positive Youth Development Allan, V., Turnidge, J., & Cote, J. (2017). Quest, 69 , 515–530. doi: 10

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Daniel Gould

Psychology position statement on sport specialization ( Côté, Lidor, & Hackfort, 2009 ), the Canada Physical Literacy Consensus statement ( Tremblay, Costas-Bradstreet et al., 2018 ), the International Olympic Committee consensus statement on harassment and abuse (nonaccidental violence) in sport ( Mountjoy

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Dean Barker, Gunn Nyberg and Hakan Larsson

approach, which assumes that exploration is a divergent process and that increased efficiency is not the principal concern of movement education. In a series of studies addressing physical literacy ( Almond, 2013a , 2013b ; Whitehead, 2013a , 2013b ), Almond ( 2013a ) further suggests that movement

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Senlin Chen and Alex Garn

defined in the U.S. National Physical Education Standards ( Society of Health and Physical Education [SHAPE America], 2013 ). Grade-level outcomes with suggested scope and sequence for K–12 learners are an innovation of the recently revised national standards, which depicts a road map of physical literacy

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Javier Brazo-Sayavera, Cecilia del Campo, María José Rodríguez, Inacio Crochemore Mohnsam da Silva, Eugenio Merellano-Navarro and Pedro R. Olivares

, Community and Environment, Government Strategies and Investments). Each of the 10 indicators belongs to 1 of 3 categories: Daily Behaviors (Overall Physical Activity, Organized Sport and Physical Activity Participation, Active Play, Active Transportation, Physical Literacy, Sleep, Sedentary Behaviors

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Pamela H. Kulinna, Charles B. Corbin and Hyeonho Yu

benchmarks for CPE (fitness education) programs 13 and standards for achieving physical literacy through physical education. 23 Central to meeting the standards and becoming physically literate is participation in lifelong physical activity. The federal government has also emphasized the importance of