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Stacey Alvarez-Alvarado, Graig M. Chow, Nicole T. Gabana, Robert C. Hickner and Gershon Tenenbaum

 al., 2015 ; Tenenbaum, 2005 ). The extent to and manner in which psychological states change as a function of physical effort and related physiological responses ( Ekkekakis, Parfitt, & Petruzzello, 2011 ; Tenenbaum & Connolly, 2008 ) are studied under controlled conditions in the current study. For a

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Matthew J. Barlow, Antonis Elia, Oliver M. Shannon, Angeliki Zacharogianni and Angelica Lodin-Sundstrom

methodological factors. Consequently, further research is warranted to elucidate the potential efficacy of NO 3 − supplementation on apnea performance. To date, no study has evaluated the effects of NO 3 − supplementation on the physiological response to underwater static apnea, or compared the effects of

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Ana B. Peinado, Nuria Romero-Parra, Miguel A. Rojo-Tirado, Rocío Cupeiro, Javier Butragueño, Eliane A. Castro, Francisco J. Calderón and Pedro J. Benito

Road cycling is a highly demanding sport where cyclists’ overall performance is dependent on physiological responses and team strategies. 1 Previous studies have already described the physiology of professional road cycling 2 , 3 during the most prestigious 3-week competition races (Tour de

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Paul G. Montgomery and Brendan D. Maloney

league competing in exotic locations around the world, and has now been included in the 2020 Olympic Games. Given that 3 × 3 basketball is a relatively new sport, little is known regarding the physical and physiological responses of players during these games. There may be an assumption within the

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Philippe Richard, Lymperis P. Koziris, Mathieu Charbonneau, Catherine Naulleau, Jonathan Tremblay and François Billaut

.03 seconds and a coefficient of variation of less than 1% over distances longer than 30 m. Physiological Responses Heart rate (HR) was recorded at 5-second intervals during the time trials with a telemetric Polar Team 2 system (Polar Electro Canada, Montreal, Canada) and, for each race, a peak HR was

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Pedro G. Morouço, Tiago M. Barbosa, Raul Arellano and João P. Vilas-Boas

Furthermore, it is also possible to diagnose potential bilateral asymmetries by the upper limbs. 19 Stroke rate (SR) and physiological responses are similar between tethered and free swimming, despite the active drag that the swimmer must overcome during free swimming. 14 Therefore, tethered swimming has

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Bent R. Rønnestad, Tue Rømer and Joar Hansen

speed on physiological responses during roller-ski skating in well-trained XC skiers. Methods Subjects A total of 11 well-trained 19 male skiers (age 23.5 [3.5] y, height 184 [6] cm, body mass 77.9 [7.2] kg, and peak oxygen consumption [VO 2 peak] 70.6 [5.7] mL·min −1 ·kg −1 ) competing in XC skiing or

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Tiago Turnes, Rafael Penteado dos Santos, Rafael Alves de Aguiar, Thiago Loch, Leonardo Trevisol Possamai and Fabrizio Caputo

, exhibiting a breaking point representing the attenuation of the increase in [HHb] and the onset of a plateau-like response. 3 , 4 Because of its relationship with whole-body physiological responses, the [HHb] breaking point ([HHb]BP) has been compared with exercise intensity thresholds. 3 , 5 , 6 Some

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Jason P. Brandenburg and Luisa V. Giles

-rich fruit supplementation on endurance performance, none has used blueberries. Therefore, the objectives of the current study were to investigate the effects of blueberry supplementation on time-trial (TT) running performance, physiological responses to running, and short-term recovery. Markers of

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Jason R. Boynton, Fabian Danner, Paolo Menaspà, Jeremiah J. Peiffer and Chris R. Abbiss

low intensities (ie, below lactate threshold) coupled with short and intermittent bouts of high-intensity interval exercise or training (HIIT). 10 The influence of T A on performance and physiological response to such exercise is not well understood. Despite HIIT being a relatively small part of