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Brigid M. Lynch, Suzanne C. Dixon-Suen, Andrea Ramirez Varela, Yi Yang, Dallas R. English, Ding Ding, Paul A. Gardiner and Terry Boyle

Observational studies have consistently demonstrated that physical activity is inversely associated with chronic disease and premature mortality. The causal nature of these associations is not always clear, and evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs), widely held as the “gold standard

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Daniel Bok, Karim Chamari and Carl Foster

. 18 In many places, and considering the economic impact of television coverage, there was even pressure to resume competition in empty stadiums despite the fact that possible premature reactivation of sport activities might have negative public health and personal health consequences. With the

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James W. Roberts

it is premature to conceive of early spatial variability as a marked reflection of performers’ response distribution. With this in mind, the present study may offer further insights into the inferences associated with spatial variability and identify precise indicators of trial-by-trial behavior

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Patrick P.J.M. Schoenmakers, Florentina J. Hettinga and Kate E. Reed

to be long enough to accommodate the return to metabolic homeostasis. An imbalance between the demands of the work intervals and the recovery potential of the recovery intervals can lead to premature fatigue, which potentially reduces the number of planned intervals, or lowers the work intensity

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Christopher Kuenze, Lisa Cadmus-Bertram, Karin Pfieffer, Stephanie Trigsted, Dane Cook, Caroline Lisee and David Bell

and Tegner Activity Levels were observed; however, the relationships were not consistent across individual KOOS subscales. Physical inactivity is a primary predictor of a wide variety of chronic diseases and premature mortality. 1 , 14 Currently, there is a limited understanding of the effect that

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Geraldine Naughton, David Greene, Daniel Courteix and Adam Baxter-Jones

treatment of osteopenia of prematurity—an update . Pediatr Exerc Sci . 2017 ; 29 ( 4 ). PubMed doi:10.1123/pes.2017-0017 28338426 15. Nogueira R , Weeks B , Beck B . One-year follow-up of the CAPO Kids trial: are physical benefits maintained? Pediatr Exerc Sci . 2017 ; 29 ( 4 ). doi:10

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Amelia Mays Woods and Suzan F. Ayers

teaching, fewer teacher education programs exist to prepare future teachers ( Sawchuk, 2014 ). Additionally, many of those who enter the teaching profession leave prematurely, with more than 41% of teachers exiting the profession within their first 5 years ( Perda, 2013 ). This trend has gradually

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Stefan Altmann, Steffen Ringhof, Benedikt Becker, Alexander Woll and Rainer Neumann

Sprint testing plays a key role in the physical assessment of team sport athletes. Most commonly, timing lights are the method of choice for measuring sprint capacities. 1 However, in terms of single-beam timing lights, the system can be triggered prematurely by an athlete’s upper or lower limbs

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Gustavo Monnerat, Alex S. Maior, Marcio Tannure, Lia K.F.C. Back and Caleb G.M. Santos

summarized in Table  1 . Table 1 Information About Genetic Polymorphisms (SNPs) Studied at This Work Loci Literature overview Type dbSNP Nucleotide Change AMPD1 A coding gene for the adenosine monophosphate deaminase 1 enzyme, important for purine metabolism. The variant results in premature stop codon and

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Jakob Tarp, Anna Bugge, Niels Christian Møller, Heidi Klakk, Christina Trifonov Rexen, Anders Grøntved and Niels Wedderkopp

adulthood 5 and to premature mortality. 6 Experimental evidence in adolescents indicates that engagement in resistance-based physical activity promotes muscle fitness, reduces adiposity indexes, and may improve insulin sensitivity compared to control conditions. 7 – 10 However, this data have limited