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Paula B. Debien, Marcelly Mancini, Danilo R. Coimbra, Daniel G.S. de Freitas, Renato Miranda and Maurício G. Bara Filho

the athletes’ high level of performance throughout many months of competition. 7 – 9 The success of training, in turn, depends on the balance between the magnitude and distribution of the training load and the recovery applied during the season. 10 – 12 In order to avoid negative adaptations to

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Mitchell Naughton, Joanna Miller and Gary J. Slater

potential to adversely affect neuromuscular function and prolong athletic recovery. It is well known that high-intensity and/or unaccustomed eccentric exercise causes EIMD through exposure to an inappropriate level of mechanical stress. 6 EIMD results in soreness, myofibrillar disruption, and release of

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Rebecca Quinlan and Jessica A. Hill

associated with a number of symptoms that include soreness, a decreased range of motion, swelling, and a reduced ability of the affected muscle to produce force. 2 These symptoms can have a detrimental effect on performance, thus these strategies that can attenuate symptoms and accelerate recovery are

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Adam C. King

) following the resolution of cognitive and behavioral symptoms; however, asymptomatic individuals often exhibit persist motor impairments in locomotion 1 and postural control 2 that can extend beyond acute recovery. Therefore, a need remains relative to concussion evaluations to detect subtle motor

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Maria C. Madueno, Vincent J. Dalbo, Joshua H. Guy, Kate E. Giamarelos, Tania Spiteri and Aaron T. Scanlan

Repeated-sprint ability is an important attribute for basketball players given the frequent high-intensity movements performed across game-play. 1 , 2 Repeated-sprints are short (≤10 s) and executed at maximal effort with brief recovery (≤60 s) between bouts. 3 During repeated-sprints, adenosine

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Darren J. Paul, Gustavo Tomazoli and George P. Nassis

Recovery monitoring is a staple feature in the daily routine of most professional football clubs. The objective is to measure changes in fatigue/stress and recovery and, when appropriate, take action to avoid overtraining or exposure to high loads. 1 Several different tools are used either alone

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Tom Clifford, Will Abbott, Susan Y. Kwiecien, Glyn Howatson and Malachy P. McHugh

mechanical stress to the contractile and noncontractile muscle apparatus, and then followed by a cascade of immunological-mediated processes that orchestrate repair and recovery. 5 – 7 Indeed, there is now a growing body of evidence that this inflammatory response is crucial to muscle regeneration after

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Alan Chorley, Richard P. Bott, Simon Marwood and Kevin L. Lamb

Cycle races are often characterized by the ability of competitors to perform repeated surges of severe intensity efforts (“attacks”) interspersed with short recovery periods. The critical power (CP) model first introduced by Monod and Scherrer 1 offers an objective physiological framework for the

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Georges Baquet, Gregory Dupont, François-Xavier Gamelin, Julien Aucouturier and Serge Berthoin

Intermittent exercises are frequently used by athletes to improve aerobic fitness. These are defined by exercise intensity and duration, recovery intensity and duration, number of repetitions, and number of series. Intermittent exercise is also an intrinsic characteristic of children’s spontaneous

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Nathan A. Lewis, Ann Redgrave, Mark Homer, Richard Burden, Wendy Martinson, Brian Moore and Charles R. Pedlar

complexity of the condition, the multifactorial etiology, and the fact that imbalances between training load and recovery may not be the primary reason for the condition. 1 Exercise is a source of reactive nitrogen and oxygen species (RNOS), leading to alterations in redox homeostasis (ARH). 3 RNOS are