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Melanie S. Hill, Jeremy B. Yorgason, Larry J. Nelson and Alexander C. Jensen

. PubMed ID: 19517025 doi: 10.1007/s10433-009-0110-3 Findlay , L.C. , & Coplan , R.J. ( 2008 ). Come out and play: Shyness in childhood and the benefits of organized sports participation . Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 40 ( 3 ), 153 – 161 . doi: 10.1037/0008-400X.40.3.153 Fiori , K

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Trisha Patel and Neeru Jayanthi

studies suggest that parents’ sports participation, whether through physical activity or team involvement, is a key factor in child sports participation ( Fuemmeler, Anderson, & Masse, 2011 ; Kremarik, 2000 ), and the senior author had previously demonstrated that both specialized young athletes and

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Kathryn R. Glaws, Thomas J. Ellis, Timothy E. Hewett and Stephanie Di Stasi

can range from 52% to 100% at follow-ups of 1 year or longer. 7 , 8 Sports participation appears to decrease 2 to 5 years postoperatively, especially in those with underlying hip osteoarthritis. 4 , 6 , 9 In addition, physical impairments such as limited hip range of motion and abnormal biomechanics

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Amanda Timler, Fleur McIntyre and Beth Hands

benefit from sports participation to a greater extent than females as studies have found that males prefer competitive orientated activities ( Mehta & Strough, 2010 ), experience positive social involvement in organized physical activities which improves resiliency skills ( Zimmerman et al., 2013 ), and

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Aaron Sciascia, Jacob Waldecker and Cale Jacobs

. Conclusions Approximately one in 4 college athletes reported playing injured and/or with pain, but the relationship between pain rating and PCS score was negligible. Knowing that college athletes can experience lower quality of life after college sports participation has ended, it is possible that the

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Xin Fu, Patrick Shu-hang Yung, Chun Cheong Ma and Hio Teng Leong

. Limitations Several limitations that need to be considered in this study are as follows: (1) All the included studies were cross-sectional with small sample size and diverse sports participation. More prospective studies are required to identify the changes in scapular kinematics in athletes of overhead

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Thomas W. Rowland, Richard C. McFaul and David A. Burton

Syncope during sports participation may serve as the first manifestation of cardiovascular disease that poses a risk for athletic training and competition. Other causes of syncope (vasovagal, dehydration) during physical activity may be more benign. The athlete who faints during sports deserves a comprehensive diagnostic evaluation that addresses the wide-ranging differential diagnosis involved. The case of a 14-year-old male with two syncopal spells during athletic training is presented to review the components of such a workup and subsequent management implications.

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Frank M. Howell and James A. McKenzie

There is a significant investment by schools and local communities in the athletic programs offered by secondary schools. A growing issue is, to what extent does the functioning of these sports programs coincide with the formal academic goals of the school? Using a structural equations model, we examine one theme within this major issue by estimating the effect of high school sports participation on sport and leisure activity later in adulthood. Further investigated is the process by which these effects are played out over the transition from adolescence to adulthood, as well as gender differences in the pattern of effects. Using the EEO panel of 1955 high school sophomores reinterviewed in 1970, we find that varsity and nonvarsity sports participation in high school increases adult sports involvement. However, whereas high school sports participation does not retard reading or “high-status” leisure pursuits in adulthood, curriculum track placement during high school does enhance these activities later in life. Track effects were also largely independent of completed school level. Finally, gender variations in the model were present but not uniformly so and largely appear to make sport participation and tracking effects significant only among men.

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Eva Martin-Diener, Simon Foster, Meichun Mohler-Kuo and Brian W. Martin

Background:

This study investigates the relationships between physical activity (PA), sports participation and sensation seeking or aggression and injury risk in young men.

Methods:

A representative cohort study was conducted with 4686 conscripts for the Swiss army. Risk factors assessed at baseline were PA, the frequency of sports participation, sensation seeking, and aggression. The number of injuries during the past 12 months was reported 16 months after baseline. Exposure to moderate-tovigorous physical activity (MVPA) was estimated based on baseline PA.

Results:

Among conscripts, 48.5% reported at least 1 injury for the past 12 months. After accounting for exposure to MVPA, the most inactive individuals (reference group) had the highest injury risk and those with high levels of PA and weekly sports participation the lowest (Poisson regression analysis: incidence rate ratio = 0.14 [0.12–0.16]). Independent of activity level, sensation seeking increased cumulative injury incidence significantly (Logistic regression analysis [injured vs. not injured]: odds ratio = 1.29 [1.02–1.63]) and incidence rates marginally. Aggression was marginally associated only with cumulative injury incidence and only in those participating in daily sports.

Conclusions:

When accounting for exposure to PA, being inactive is a strong injury risk factor in young men, whereas the roles of the personality variables are less clear.

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Zewditu Demissie, Richard Lowry, Danice K. Eaton, Marci F. Hertz and Sarah M. Lee

Background:

This study investigated associations of violence-related behaviors with physical activity (PA)-related behaviors among U.S. high school students.

Methods:

Data from the 2009 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey, a cross-sectional survey of a nationally representative sample of 9th–12th grade students, were analyzed. Sex-stratified, adjusted odds ratios (aORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated for associations between violence-related behaviors and being physically active for ≥ 60 minutes daily, sports participation, TV watching for ≥ 3 hours/day, and video game/computer use for ≥ 3 hours/day.

Results:

Among male students, at-school bullying victimization was negatively associated with daily PA (aOR: 0.72; 95% CI: 0.58–0.87) and sports participation; skipping school because of safety concerns was positively associated with video game/computer use (1.42; 1.01–2.00); and physical fighting was positively associated with daily PA. Among female students, atschool bullying victimization and skipping school because of safety concerns were both positively associated with video game/computer use (1.46; 1.19–1.79 and 1.60; 1.09–2.34, respectively), and physical fighting at school was negatively associated with sports participation and positively associated with TV watching.

Conclusions:

Bullying victimization emerged as a potentially important risk factor for insufficient PA. Schools should consider the role of violence in initiatives designed to promote PA.