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David Simbaña Escobar, Philippe Hellard, David B. Pyne and Ludovic Seifert

, the main task constraints relate to the race segments (eg, start, turn in–out, 4 laps, and the finish) as the wall imposes to reverse and to transform the horizontal swimming speed into rotational speed for the flip turn. Additionally, environmental constraints such as adversity, waves, and water

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Kimmery Migel and Erik Wikstrom

for skill acquisition. However, those with CAI do not need to acquire walking skills, rather they need to adapt and refine their skill. The results reported by Donovan et al. 13 suggest that task constraints should be utilized to impact change. In their investigation, only participants wearing a

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A. Mark Williams and Bradley Fawver

motion perception as a function of expertise in badminton (198 cites), and the publication by Roca, Ford, McRobert, and Williams ( 2013 ) in the Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology that explores the impact of task constraints on anticipation in soccer (201 cites). These papers illustrate the

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Christopher J. Palmer and Richard E.A. van Emmerik

is achieved through a variety of segmental organizations that allow consistent performance in task space ( Latash, 2012 ). As such, coordinative variability has become a means to describe changes in the adaptability of the system under different task constraints, whether or not performance changes

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Jim Mckay and Donna O’Connor

task constraints such as rules and width of the field provides an opportunity to exaggerate or simulate match problems where players will make decisions on and off the ball based on their interpretation of situational cues and interaction with teammates and opponents. When a competition component is

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Pedro Paulo Deprá, Avelino Amado and Richard E.A. van Emmerik

suprapostural task under different levels of visual and postural task constraints. The study is anticipated to add to our understanding of suprapostural control by introducing postural variables that assess fluctuations relative to stability boundaries (TtC) and a direct manipulation of postural task difficulty

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Blandine Bril

 al., 2012 ). The layer of functional parameters specifies the factors that meet the task constraints. In the case of a percussive action, the efficiency of a strike defined in terms of energy will depend on the value of the kinetic energy produced at the moment of impact (i.e., the velocity at impact and

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Camilo Sáenz-Moncaleano, Itay Basevitch and Gershon Tenenbaum

 al., 1998 ) and returning volleys ( del Campo, Reina, Sabido, & Moreno, 2012 ). Pertaining to the QE, only one study examined this particular gaze behavior in tennis. Park ( 2005 ) examined gaze behaviors in volley strokes in a laboratory setting with task constraints. Results showed that earlier QE onset

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Jade A.Z. Haycraft, Stephanie Kovalchik, David B. Pyne and Sam Robertson

for player selection into AFL talent pathways, may be important for selection into national junior teams. The task constraints of fitness tests (ie, aerobic, jumps, speed, agility, movement ability) in players within the National U16, National U18, and Local U12 levels have a greater relationship with

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Marzie Balali, Shahab Parvinpour and Mohsen Shafizadeh

coordinated manner ( Newell, 1986 ). The emergence of new movement patterns, or the refinement of existing movement patterns, is self-organized and occurs through interactions of organismic, environment, and task constraints ( Colombo-Dougovito, 2017 ). The coordination of a multitude of DoFs and the