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Sherry L. Folsom-Meek and Terry L. Rizzo

The purpose of this study was to assess validity and reliability of the Physical Educators’ Attitude Toward Teaching Individuals with Disabilities III (PEATID III; Rizzo, 1993) for future professionals. Participants (N = 3,464) were undergraduate students enrolled in the introductory adapted physical education course at 235 colleges and universities. Construct validity was obtained through principal components analysis with oblique rotation and supported by principal components analysis with varimax rotation. Results showed that PEATID III measures three factors: (a) outcomes of teaching students with disabilities in regular classes, (b) effects on student learning, and (c) need for more academic preparation to teach students with disabilities. Reliability, as estimated through coefficient alpha, was .88 for the total scale and .71 or greater for each of the disability subscales.

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Nancy D. Groh and Greggory M. Hundt

, a self-efficacy tool developed and validated to explore student self-efficacy ratings in injury assessment, preventative injury care, and therapeutic modalities over a 1-year period specific to gender found significant increases in self-efficacy scores throughout the study period across component

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Sergio Jiménez-Rubio, Archit Navandar, Jesús Rivilla-García and Victor Paredes-Hernández

the high incidence, there have been many validated posthamstring strain injury rehabilitation models proposed in the literature, principally based on evaluations and preventive and performance models in the clinical and analytical field. These include the Askling L-protocol, 11 the active knee

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Robert W. Cox, Rodrigo E. Martinez, Russell T. Baker and Lindsay Warren

assessment. Various applications have been validated as alternatives to inclinometer measurements in the knee. 6 The Clinometer Smartphone Application™ produced by Plaincode App Development has been found reliable for measuring shoulder ROM, 7 but it lacks validation for use in the ankle. Inclinometry has

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Manuel Trinidad-Fernández, Manuel González-Sánchez and Antonio I. Cuesta-Vargas

understand the movement inside the body with a coordinate transform system to set the scapula in space could provide useful insights. We validated a new method, which combined ultrasound imaging with the signal provided by a 3-dimensional electromagnetic sensor in an anatomical model. 6 This appears to be

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Lachlan E. Garrick, Bryce C. Alexander, Anthony G. Schache, Marcus G. Pandy, Kay M. Crossley and Natalie J. Collins

using these criteria) have lower hip abductor and trunk-side flexor strength than good performers, 7 it is unclear whether they also demonstrate quantifiable differences in lower limb kinematics and moments when executing a single-leg squat. Not only would this information validate the specific visual

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Danielle L. Gyemi, Charles Kahelin, Nicole C. George and David M. Andrews

using DXA for research applications can be limited by the high cost of scanning and lack of machine accessibility. To address these concerns, tissue mass prediction equations using anthropometric measures have been developed and validated against DXA scans for segments of the lower 14 and upper

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Carlos Balsalobre-Fernández, Hovannes Agopyan and Jean-Benoit Morin

(particularly those with fewer resources) may prevent many coaches and athletes from using them, making running mechanics evaluation and long-term follow-up impossible. For this reason, many researchers have looked at the validation of more affordable and practical devices to measure running mechanics, mainly

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Yuji Matsuda, Yoshihisa Sakurai, Keita Akashi and Yasuyuki Kubo

practical estimation methods for the CoM velocity in swimming direction during front crawl swimming with underwater cameras and to validate these methods against the CoM velocity as calculated using the segmental method (ie, the gold standard method). Methods Procedure Ten competitive swimmers participated

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Ghazaleh Azizpour, Matteo Lancini, Giovanni Incerti, Paolo Gaffurini and Giovanni Legnani

intended for performing experimental tests. (B) An artificial arm mechanism installed on the handbike for method validation. The marker positions are displayed. Kinematics of the upper limbs was directly obtained by a 2-camera motion capture system (SMART-DX100), made by BTS Bioengineering (Milan, Italy