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Chen Chen and Daniel S. Mason

needed in the local context: “Many experts believe that communities – particularly those in developing countries – cannot function autonomously without the guidance and help of skilled ‘change agents’, which support and teach them how to cooperate and use their capacities effectively . . .” ( Schulenkorf

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Jonathan A. Jensen and T. Bettina Cornwell

global sponsorship. There has been a trend toward awarding MSEs to developing countries ( Cuervo-Cazurra & Genc, 2008 ) such as the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) economies, with some discussion of the role that sponsors and their markets play in decision-making ( Humphreys

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Kelsey Slater

midlevel developing country to becoming a world power. All of that is fantasy; none of it is true. What is true about it is that each of these countries had deficient resources, and it was more expensive for them to do these things. Because first of all they didn’t have as many of the facilities that

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André O. Werneck, Evelyn C.A. Silva, Maria R.O. Bueno, Lidyane Z. Vignadelli, Adewale L. Oyeyemi, Catiana L.P. Romanzini, Enio R.V. Ronque and Marcelo Romanzini

increased in the last decades ( 1 ), increasing about 30% in the developed countries and 37% in the middle-income countries ( 1 ). Therefore, identification of potential associated factors could inform the formulation of effective intervention strategies against the global pandemic of obesity. Recently

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Salomé Aubert, Joel D. Barnes, Chalchisa Abdeta, Patrick Abi Nader, Ade F. Adeniyi, Nicolas Aguilar-Farias, Dolores S. Andrade Tenesaca, Jasmin Bhawra, Javier Brazo-Sayavera, Greet Cardon, Chen-Kang Chang, Christine Delisle Nyström, Yolanda Demetriou, Catherine E. Draper, Lowri Edwards, Arunas Emeljanovas, Aleš Gába, Karla I. Galaviz, Silvia A. González, Marianella Herrera-Cuenca, Wendy Y. Huang, Izzeldin A.E. Ibrahim, Jaak Jürimäe, Katariina Kämppi, Tarun R. Katapally, Piyawat Katewongsa, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Asaduzzaman Khan, Agata Korcz, Yeon Soo Kim, Estelle Lambert, Eun-Young Lee, Marie Löf, Tom Loney, Juan López-Taylor, Yang Liu, Daga Makaza, Taru Manyanga, Bilyana Mileva, Shawnda A. Morrison, Jorge Mota, Vida K. Nyawornota, Reginald Ocansey, John J. Reilly, Blanca Roman-Viñas, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Pairoj Saonuam, John Scriven, Jan Seghers, Natasha Schranz, Thomas Skovgaard, Melody Smith, Martyn Standage, Gregor Starc, Gareth Stratton, Narayan Subedi, Tim Takken, Tuija Tammelin, Chiaki Tanaka, David Thivel, Dawn Tladi, Richard Tyler, Riaz Uddin, Alun Williams, Stephen H.S. Wong, Ching-Lin Wu, Paweł Zembura and Mark S. Tremblay

. Active play during free time may be slowly disappearing in favor of screen time in developed countries or is replaced with chores or work in developing countries. Perception of the environment as unsafe can also be a potential barrier to this behavior. However, no relation was found between Active Play

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Kathryn Henne and Madeleine Pape

diagnosed with hyperandrogenism, all aged 21 or younger and from “rural or mountainous regions of developing countries” ( Fenichel et al., 2013 , p. 2). They consented to a gonadectomy, clitoral surgery, and a “feminizing vaginoplasty” (pp. 3–4), none of which are required under the Regulations for an

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Yoko Kanemasu

). According to one of the few studies of disability sport participation rates in the Global South ( Lauff, 2011 ), 23% of developing countries did not participate in Deaflympic, Paralympic, or Special Olympics World Games between 1991 and 2006, Oceania being the region with the least participation. In this

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Nicholas D. Gilson, Caitlin Hall, Andreas Holtermann, Allard J. van der Beek, Maaike A. Huysmans, Svend Erik Mathiassen and Leon Straker

emerge from our search (ie, construction, transport, manufacturing, cleaning and postal), were specific to developed countries, with some studies reporting data for relatively small groups of workers (eg, 4 studies had a sample size of less than 50 participants). Larger sample accelerometer data capture

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Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Mats Hallgren, Andreas Lundin, James Mugisha and Ai Koyanagi

consumption and associated health, well-being and societal burden among middle- and older-age adults ( Blazer & Wu, 2009 ). Among adults aged ≥50 years, about 5% of men and 1.4% of women have a past-year alcohol use disorder ( Thun et al., 1997 ; Wu & Blazer, 2014 ). In developed countries, there is also

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Cecilia del Campo Vega, Veronica Tutte, Gustavo Bermudez and Diana C. Parra

A current public health priority is to promote physical activity (PA), 1 especially considering the high prevalence of physical inactivity in both developed and developing countries. 2 One of the strategies to increase the level of PA that has been gaining support and popularity is the