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Timothy T. Robinson and Albert V. Carron

The relationship between the decision of young athletes (N = 98) classified as starters, survivors, and dropouts to either maintain involvement with a competitive sport team or drop out and a number of motivational (personal) and situational factors was examined. The personal and situational factors employed fell into six categories: trait measures (competitive trait anxiety [A-trait], achievement motivation; intrinsic [self] motivation; self-esteem; and causal attributions), general attitudes toward competitive sport, sportsmanship and communication factors, socialization factors (parental and peer group involvement), coaching (leadership) considerations, and cohesion or group climate factors. Discriminant function analysis revealed that the continuum of actual participation which exists (starters-survivors-dropouts) is also directly related to systematic differences in personal factors within the groups as well as in their perception of specific situational factors. Variables discriminating among the groups included perception of group climate (sense of belonging, enjoyment, closeness), attitudes toward competition (perception of the importance of winning, role of physical activity in physical fitness development), socialization factors (encouragement received from fathers, encouragement received from teachers), attributions following athletic outcomes (attributions to ability following failure and effort following success), and leadership (perception of the coach as an autocrat).

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Charlotte Louise Edwardson, Trish Gorely, Natalie Pearson and Andrew Atkin


To progress physical activity (PA) social support research using objective measures of PA, attention should be turned to specific segments of the day (eg, after school or weekends) in which young people spend the majority of their time with parents or friends. Furthermore, the majority of previous research has focused on the influence of parents and peers. The current study examined gender and age differences in 5 sources of activity-related social support and their relationship with objectively measured after-school and weekend PA among adolescents.


328 adolescents aged 12–16 years (57% boys) wore an accelerometer for 7 days and completed a questionnaire assessing support for PA. After-school and weekend PA were extracted.


Adolescents perceived more support from their peers compared with other sources and boys perceived more peer support than girls. Younger adolescents perceived greater amounts of family support and explicit modeling from both mother and father; however, logistic support appeared constant throughout adolescence. After controlling for gender and age, peer support was a significant influence on after-school MVPA.


Findings suggest that there may be benefit in encouraging adolescents to participate in PA in the after-school period with their peers.

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Deirdre Dlugonski, Katrina D. DuBose, Christine M. Habeeb and Patrick Rider

parental support, especially through engaging in physical activity coparticipation, is positively associated with child physical activity behavior. These studies have primarily included mothers, and it is important to also consider patterns of father–child physical activity coparticipation because both

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Hyo Jung Yoon, Sang Ah Lee, Young Jun Ju, Jin Young Nam and Eun-Cheol Park

on MVPAs over the 7 days before the survey. The log-transformed MVPA was used to satisfy the regression assumption of normality. Primary Variable Our study measured the influence of parental PA level on adolescent PA level. The MVPA levels of the mother and father were measured separately to

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Nick Wadsworth

attending physiotherapy sessions. The owner of the clinic recommended to both C.S. and her father that they contact me for some psychological support. C.S.’s father contacted me directly and explained that on her return to training, his daughter was experiencing a “mental block” on the move that had caused

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Tamara May, Nicole Rinehart, Lisa Barnett, Trina Hinkley, Jane McGillivray, Helen Skouteris, Delwyne Stephens and Debra Goldfinch

these children was 5 years ( SD  = 0.8, range = 4–7) and they were all male. Of these 15 families, 13 (86%) completed both pre- and post-program measures and nine parents (60%), 4 mothers and 5 fathers, agreed to participate in the qualitative interviews. In Phase 1, parent data which included

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Tanya R. Prewitt-White

painstakingly ruminated on with Coach, the more memories surfaced. As a young girl the only thing I ever wanted was to be a great basketball player. I was convinced Coach could help me become that great player. He swayed the community, the basketball program and its parents, my parents—namely my father, a man

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Craig Hyatt, Shannon Kerwin, Larena Hoeber and Katherine Sveinson

The literature on sport fans suggests that parents, most commonly fathers, have a significant influence on what teams their children come to support ( James, 2001 ; Kolbe & James, 2000 ; Spaaij & Anderson, 2010 ; Wann, 2006 ). However, in two studies involving former fans of National Hockey

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David Lilley

in a father’s singing. Brock shows how compassion may be guided by “a formed perception of [the] neighbor as clothed by the divine promise of a God whose will is to enact mercy” (p. 115). This perception upholds common participation in the marvelous joy of sport that is perhaps the book’s strongest

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Kelly L. Holzberger, Kim Keeley and Martin Donahue

episode, the athlete reported experiencing blurred vision and lightheadedness. Also, at this time, the athlete informed the athletic trainer that his father had heart disease and passed away in his sleep at the age of 57. Based on these two episodes and family history, the patient was referred to the team