The relationship between the decision of young athletes (N = 98) classified as starters, survivors, and dropouts to either maintain involvement with a competitive sport team or drop out and a number of motivational (personal) and situational factors was examined. The personal and situational factors employed fell into six categories: trait measures (competitive trait anxiety [A-trait], achievement motivation; intrinsic [self] motivation; self-esteem; and causal attributions), general attitudes toward competitive sport, sportsmanship and communication factors, socialization factors (parental and peer group involvement), coaching (leadership) considerations, and cohesion or group climate factors. Discriminant function analysis revealed that the continuum of actual participation which exists (starters-survivors-dropouts) is also directly related to systematic differences in personal factors within the groups as well as in their perception of specific situational factors. Variables discriminating among the groups included perception of group climate (sense of belonging, enjoyment, closeness), attitudes toward competition (perception of the importance of winning, role of physical activity in physical fitness development), socialization factors (encouragement received from fathers, encouragement received from teachers), attributions following athletic outcomes (attributions to ability following failure and effort following success), and leadership (perception of the coach as an autocrat).
Timothy T. Robinson and Albert V. Carron
Jeanette I. Candelaria, James F. Sallis, Terry L. Conway, Brian E. Saelens, Lawrence D. Frank and Donald J. Slymen
The study aim was to assess the relation of parent status to physical activity (PA) and the impact of parental roles, age and number of children on PA.
Data for 909 women and 965 men, aged 20–57, were analyzed. Mixed Models were used to assess differences in PA between parents and adults without children, with analyses stratified by sex. The primary outcome was accelerometer-measured total daily minutes of moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA).
Parenthood was not related to MVPA, but mothers reported more total PA than nonmothers. For mothers and fathers, self-reported household activity was higher and sitting time lower, compared with nonparents. Both men and women with children aged 0–5 reported the highest household activity and the lowest sitting time, with household PA higher and sitting time lower with more children. There was no evidence that leisure, transport, or occupational activity varied by parenthood.
Considering the potential impact of child-rearing on parent time demands, there was little difference in parents’ objectively measured MVPA compared with nonparents. Educational interventions or extracurricular programs for students and parents could target families with school-aged children. Development of tools to obtain parent reports of child care-specific PA behaviors would be useful.
Deirdre Dlugonski, Katrina D. DuBose, Christine M. Habeeb and Patrick Rider
parental support, especially through engaging in physical activity coparticipation, is positively associated with child physical activity behavior. These studies have primarily included mothers, and it is important to also consider patterns of father–child physical activity coparticipation because both
Hyo Jung Yoon, Sang Ah Lee, Young Jun Ju, Jin Young Nam and Eun-Cheol Park
on MVPAs over the 7 days before the survey. The log-transformed MVPA was used to satisfy the regression assumption of normality. Primary Variable Our study measured the influence of parental PA level on adolescent PA level. The MVPA levels of the mother and father were measured separately to
attending physiotherapy sessions. The owner of the clinic recommended to both C.S. and her father that they contact me for some psychological support. C.S.’s father contacted me directly and explained that on her return to training, his daughter was experiencing a “mental block” on the move that had caused
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these children was 5 years ( SD = 0.8, range = 4–7) and they were all male. Of these 15 families, 13 (86%) completed both pre- and post-program measures and nine parents (60%), 4 mothers and 5 fathers, agreed to participate in the qualitative interviews. In Phase 1, parent data which included
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