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Jeanette I. Candelaria, James F. Sallis, Terry L. Conway, Brian E. Saelens, Lawrence D. Frank and Donald J. Slymen

Background:

The study aim was to assess the relation of parent status to physical activity (PA) and the impact of parental roles, age and number of children on PA.

Methods:

Data for 909 women and 965 men, aged 20–57, were analyzed. Mixed Models were used to assess differences in PA between parents and adults without children, with analyses stratified by sex. The primary outcome was accelerometer-measured total daily minutes of moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA).

Results:

Parenthood was not related to MVPA, but mothers reported more total PA than nonmothers. For mothers and fathers, self-reported household activity was higher and sitting time lower, compared with nonparents. Both men and women with children aged 0–5 reported the highest household activity and the lowest sitting time, with household PA higher and sitting time lower with more children. There was no evidence that leisure, transport, or occupational activity varied by parenthood.

Conclusions:

Considering the potential impact of child-rearing on parent time demands, there was little difference in parents’ objectively measured MVPA compared with nonparents. Educational interventions or extracurricular programs for students and parents could target families with school-aged children. Development of tools to obtain parent reports of child care-specific PA behaviors would be useful.

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Kaisa Kaseva, Taina Hintsa, Jari Lipsanen, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Mirka Hintsanen, Xiaolin Yang, Mirja Hirvensalo, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Olli Raitakari, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen and Tuija Tammelin

Background:

Parents’ physical activity associates with their children’s physical activity. Prospective designs assessing this association are rare. This study examined how parents’ physical activity was associated with their children’s physical activity from childhood to middle adulthood in a 30-year prospective, population-based setting.

Methods:

Participants (n = 3596) were from the ongoing Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns study started in 1980. Participants’ physical activity was self-reported at 8 phases from 1980 to 2011, and their parents’ physical activity at 1980. Analyses were adjusted for a set of health-related covariates assessed from 1980 to 2007.

Results:

High levels of mothers’ and fathers’ physical activity were systematically associated with increased levels of their children’s physical activity until offspring’s age of 24. Longitudinal analyses conducted from 1980 to 2011 showed that higher levels of parents’ physical activity were associated with increased levels of physical activity within their offspring until midlife, but the association between parents’ and their children’s physical activity weakened when participants aged (P < .05). Covariate adjustment did not attenuate the association.

Conclusions:

This study suggests that parents’ physical activity assessed in their offspring’s childhood contributes favorably to offspring’s physical activity from childhood to middle age.

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Deirdre Dlugonski, Katrina D. DuBose, Christine M. Habeeb and Patrick Rider

parental support, especially through engaging in physical activity coparticipation, is positively associated with child physical activity behavior. These studies have primarily included mothers, and it is important to also consider patterns of father–child physical activity coparticipation because both

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Hyo Jung Yoon, Sang Ah Lee, Young Jun Ju, Jin Young Nam and Eun-Cheol Park

on MVPAs over the 7 days before the survey. The log-transformed MVPA was used to satisfy the regression assumption of normality. Primary Variable Our study measured the influence of parental PA level on adolescent PA level. The MVPA levels of the mother and father were measured separately to

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Nick Wadsworth

attending physiotherapy sessions. The owner of the clinic recommended to both C.S. and her father that they contact me for some psychological support. C.S.’s father contacted me directly and explained that on her return to training, his daughter was experiencing a “mental block” on the move that had caused

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350 350 10.1123/tsp.2.4.337 Profiles Ferruccio Antonelli: The Father of International Sport Psychology Alberto Cei * John H. Salmela * 12 1988 2 2 4 4 351 351 356 356 10.1123/tsp.2.4.351 Books and Videos The Mental Advantage Ann Quinn 12 1988 2 2 4 4 357 357 358 358 10.1123/tsp.2.4.357

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Tamara May, Nicole Rinehart, Lisa Barnett, Trina Hinkley, Jane McGillivray, Helen Skouteris, Delwyne Stephens and Debra Goldfinch

these children was 5 years ( SD  = 0.8, range = 4–7) and they were all male. Of these 15 families, 13 (86%) completed both pre- and post-program measures and nine parents (60%), 4 mothers and 5 fathers, agreed to participate in the qualitative interviews. In Phase 1, parent data which included

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Disability Andrew Hammond * Ruth Jeanes * Dawn Penney * Deana Leahy * 1 12 2019 36 4 311 321 10.1123/ssj.2018-0164 ssj.2018-0164 Father-Child Sports Participation and Outdoor Activities: Patterns and Implications for Health and Father-Child Relationships Chris Knoester * Theo Randolph * 1 12 2019

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Price Dispersion on Major League Baseball Team Attendance Brian P. Soebbing * Nicholas M. Watanabe * 7 2014 28 4 433 446 10.1123/jsm.2013-0024 Coaching Fathers in Conflict: A Review of the Tensions Surrounding the Work-Family Interface Jeff Alexander Graham * Marlene A. Dixon * 7 2014 28 4 447

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-0226 Pre-Empting the Competition: How Do Shareholders View Sponsorships in the Sport Apparel Industry? Adrien Bouchet * Thomas W. Doellman * Mike Troilo * Brian R. Walkup * 05 2017 31 05 2017 31 3 275 287 10.1123/jsm.2016-0151 jsm.2016-0151 Work–Family Balance Among Coach-Fathers: A Qualitative