The relationship between the decision of young athletes (N = 98) classified as starters, survivors, and dropouts to either maintain involvement with a competitive sport team or drop out and a number of motivational (personal) and situational factors was examined. The personal and situational factors employed fell into six categories: trait measures (competitive trait anxiety [A-trait], achievement motivation; intrinsic [self] motivation; self-esteem; and causal attributions), general attitudes toward competitive sport, sportsmanship and communication factors, socialization factors (parental and peer group involvement), coaching (leadership) considerations, and cohesion or group climate factors. Discriminant function analysis revealed that the continuum of actual participation which exists (starters-survivors-dropouts) is also directly related to systematic differences in personal factors within the groups as well as in their perception of specific situational factors. Variables discriminating among the groups included perception of group climate (sense of belonging, enjoyment, closeness), attitudes toward competition (perception of the importance of winning, role of physical activity in physical fitness development), socialization factors (encouragement received from fathers, encouragement received from teachers), attributions following athletic outcomes (attributions to ability following failure and effort following success), and leadership (perception of the coach as an autocrat).
Timothy T. Robinson and Albert V. Carron
Nicholas L. Holt, Katherine A. Tamminen, Danielle E. Black, James L. Mandigo and Kenneth R. Fox
The purpose of this study was to examine parenting styles and associated parenting practices in youth sport. Following a season-long period of fieldwork, primary data were collected via interviews with 56 parents and supplemented by interviews with 34 of their female children. Data analysis was guided by Grolnick's (2003) theory of parenting styles. Analyses produced five findings: (1) Autonomy-supportive parents provided appropriate structure for their children and allowed them to be involved in decision making. These parents were also able to read their children's mood and reported open bidirectional communication. (2) Controlling parents did not support their children's autonomy, were not sensitive to their children's mood, and tended to report more closed modes of communication. (3) In some families, there were inconsistencies between the styles employed by the mother and father. (4) Some parenting practices varied across different situations. (5) Children had some reciprocal influences on their parents' behaviors. These findings reveal information about the multiple social interactions associated with youth sport parenting.
Deirdre Dlugonski, Katrina D. DuBose, Christine M. Habeeb and Patrick Rider
parental support, especially through engaging in physical activity coparticipation, is positively associated with child physical activity behavior. These studies have primarily included mothers, and it is important to also consider patterns of father–child physical activity coparticipation because both
Hyo Jung Yoon, Sang Ah Lee, Young Jun Ju, Jin Young Nam and Eun-Cheol Park
on MVPAs over the 7 days before the survey. The log-transformed MVPA was used to satisfy the regression assumption of normality. Primary Variable Our study measured the influence of parental PA level on adolescent PA level. The MVPA levels of the mother and father were measured separately to
attending physiotherapy sessions. The owner of the clinic recommended to both C.S. and her father that they contact me for some psychological support. C.S.’s father contacted me directly and explained that on her return to training, his daughter was experiencing a “mental block” on the move that had caused
350 350 10.1123/tsp.2.4.337 Profiles Ferruccio Antonelli: The Father of International Sport Psychology Alberto Cei * John H. Salmela * 12 1988 2 2 4 4 351 351 356 356 10.1123/tsp.2.4.351 Books and Videos The Mental Advantage Ann Quinn 12 1988 2 2 4 4 357 357 358 358 10.1123/tsp.2.4.357
Tamara May, Nicole Rinehart, Lisa Barnett, Trina Hinkley, Jane McGillivray, Helen Skouteris, Delwyne Stephens and Debra Goldfinch
these children was 5 years ( SD = 0.8, range = 4–7) and they were all male. Of these 15 families, 13 (86%) completed both pre- and post-program measures and nine parents (60%), 4 mothers and 5 fathers, agreed to participate in the qualitative interviews. In Phase 1, parent data which included
Disability Andrew Hammond * Ruth Jeanes * Dawn Penney * Deana Leahy * 1 12 2019 36 4 311 321 10.1123/ssj.2018-0164 ssj.2018-0164 Father-Child Sports Participation and Outdoor Activities: Patterns and Implications for Health and Father-Child Relationships Chris Knoester * Theo Randolph * 1 12 2019
Price Dispersion on Major League Baseball Team Attendance Brian P. Soebbing * Nicholas M. Watanabe * 7 2014 28 4 433 446 10.1123/jsm.2013-0024 Coaching Fathers in Conflict: A Review of the Tensions Surrounding the Work-Family Interface Jeff Alexander Graham * Marlene A. Dixon * 7 2014 28 4 447
Tourists and Residents John Nadeau * Norm O’Reilly * Erdinc Cakmak * Louise Heslop * Sonja Verwey * 11 2016 30 6 656 671 10.1123/jsm.2016-0048 Like Father, Like Son: Analyzing Australian Football’s Unique Recruitment Process Mark F. Stewart * Constantino Stavros * Pamm Phillips * Heather