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Leigh Gabel, Heather M. Macdonald, Lindsay Nettlefold and Heather A. McKay

regions at follow-up due to growth in bone area. Third, total volume of VPA and VPA bout frequency were highly correlated; however, we do not believe our findings were impacted by collinearity, as variance inflation factor was 7.5 for model 4 that included both variables, whereas collinearity is typically

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John B. Bartholomew and Sherri L. Sanders

inevitably leads to a discussion of grade inflation and the suggestion that those with poor student evaluations are the only faculty who have stood firm and held the line on demanding high achievement. In the end, these faculty not only ignore student evaluations and avoid growth as teachers but often take

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Adilson Santos Andrade de Sousa, Marilia A. Correia, Breno Quintella Farah, Glauco Saes, Antônio Eduardo Zerati, Pedro Puech-Leao, Nelson Wolosker, Gabriel G. Cucato and Raphael M. Ritti-Dias

activity, as they are classic confounding variables as reported by Barbosa et al. ( 2015 ). Residual analysis, multicollinearity (variance inflation factor >5), tolerance, and Hosmer–Lemeshow tests were performed to confirm the quality of the associations. The significance level was set at p  ≤ .05. The

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Manoel E. Lixandrão, Hamilton Roschel, Carlos Ugrinowitsch, Maira Miquelini, Ieda F. Alvarez and Cleiton Augusto Libardi

seems to be associated with increased pain, suggesting that, in some studies, individuals were possibly unable to distinguish between pain at the muscular level and the discomfort prompted by the cuff pressure. In fact, the compressing force exerted by the cuff inflation may increase the discomfort

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Alicia M. Kissinger-Knox, Nicole J. Norheim, Denise S. Vagt, Kevin P. Mulligan and Frank M. Webbe

formidable. We used nonparametric, Wilcoxon signed-rank tests for comparison of the structured interview and computerized self-report symptoms due to the skewed nature of the symptom endorsement and did not employ special tests that involve zero inflation. Results Participants reported significantly more

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Ítalo R. Lemes, Rômulo A. Fernandes, Bruna C. Turi-Lynch, Jamile S. Codogno, Luana C. de Morais, Kelly A.K. Koyama and Henrique L. Monteiro

$ considering the inflation of the period (2010–2014) to ensure comparability. Metabolic Syndrome The presence of MetS was assessed at baseline (2010), 2 (2012), and 4 (2014) years later. MetS was defined according to the criteria established by the NCEP-ATP III (3 or more of the following 5 risk factors): high

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Hannah Horris, Barton E. Anderson, R. Curtis Bay and Kellie C. Huxel Bliven

test and test position, as well as the interaction of the 2 terms (full factorial), were entered as factors. Post hoc pairwise comparisons with Bonferroni correction were used to control Type I error inflation due to multiplicity. The criterion for tests of statistical significance was set at P  < .05

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Paul Comfort, Thomas Dos’Santos, Paul A. Jones, John J. McMahon, Timothy J. Suchomel, Caleb Bazyler and Michael H. Stone

net force–time curve to prevent inflation of the associations between PF and the time-specific variables, which would occur if gross force was used. Net PF was reported as the maximum force across the recorded net force–time curve. Subsequently, net force at 50, 100, 150, 200, and 250 milliseconds was

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Nicole J. Chimera and Mallorie Larson

. Tests of multicollinearity were assessed with tolerance, variance inflation factor, and correlations between predictor variables. The alpha level was set at .25, when all predictors were simultaneously entered into the regression equation to determine which variables may be most predictive of YBT-LQ CS

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Christian P. Cheung, Joshua T. Slysz and Jamie F. Burr

. Tourniquets were placed directly inferior to the gluteal fold and were fastened tightly around the thigh using Velcro straps. Inflation was controlled by a personalized tourniquet system (PTSii; Delfi Medical Innovations Inc, Vancouver, Canada) set to the individualized lowest effective limb occlusion