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Sarah Oxford and Fiona McLachlan

infrastructure: more than 58% of the population lives in insecure housing, and schools are economically disadvantaged and overcrowded (report withheld). Furthermore, violence is normalized as paramilitary groups, guerrillas, and gangs organize the neighborhood into contested territories, aggressively recruit

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Steve Booth Marston

notions of the black populace (as nonproductive, pathologically degenerate, and/or disposable) are constructed and effectively normalized. These athletes’ carefully choreographed racial atypicality thus essentializes urban black populations and cultures, casting them as effects of a pathological indolence

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Anne Tjønndal

in this case, to normalize and legitimize certain types of harassment and misuse of power in sport ( Fasting & Brackenridge, 2009 ). As indicated, these forms of exercise of power in coach leadership appear most often because of interrelated meanings of both gender and age ( Fasting & Pfister, 2000

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Justin Leifso

political subjectivity of the Indigenous “other” ( Thobani, 2007 ). This despair, and efforts to overcome it, thus serve as what Rifkin ( 2011 ) calls settler structures of feeling, or those “particular affective formations among non-Natives [that] normalize settler presence, privilege and power ( Rifkin

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Kathryn Henne and Madeleine Pape

”—must undergo “normalizing” treatment before returning to competition ( IAAF, 2011 ). 7. Similarly, an IAAF official claimed that the Hyperandrogenism Regulations “were ensnaring athletes from developing countries with little … means to contest the rules” ( Leicester, 2016 ). 8. Fourteen experts, including ten

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Maya Maor

-Canyon, 2016 ). Participants of this age group tend to suppress feelings, deny weakness, normalize pain; while men of older age groups (65 and up) are more likely to practice sports in a more moderate mode, displaying some sense of a relaxation of hegemonic masculinity ( Levy, Hollander, & Noy-Canyon, 2016

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Noora J. Ronkainen, Amanda Shuman and Lin Xu

neoliberal discourses and middle-class values are normalized (see Hanold, 2010 ). This suggests that urban middle-class female runners in Shanghai largely make meaning of their running experiences through shared global narratives, rather than any particularly “Chinese” cultural discourse on health or

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Colin J. Lewis, Simon J. Roberts, Hazel Andrews and Rebecca Sawiuk

situation or laughing off the jokes rather than confronting or reporting the behavior, Stacey exhibits a common reaction to such a situation. As the scene in the bar escalates, Stacey is heard “asking . . . wanting . . . [and] begging for him to stop.” The story demonstrates how Tony appears to normalize

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Karen McCormack

. References Albert , E. ( 1999 ). Dealing with danger: The normalization of risk in cycling . International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 34 ( 2 ), 157 – 171 . doi:10.1177/101269099034002005 10.1177/101269099034002005 Atencio , M. , Beal , B. , & Wilson , C. ( 2009 ). The distinction of

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Rachel Allison

. 3) that may normalize women’s athleticism, with whiteness, class privilege, and heterosexuality neutralizing the gender transgression of women’s competitive sports participation ( Banet-Weiser, 1999 ; McDonald, 2000 ; Musto & McGann, 2016 ). However, beyond studies of marketing and media imagery