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Noora J. Ronkainen, Amanda Shuman and Lin Xu

neoliberal discourses and middle-class values are normalized (see Hanold, 2010 ). This suggests that urban middle-class female runners in Shanghai largely make meaning of their running experiences through shared global narratives, rather than any particularly “Chinese” cultural discourse on health or

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Steve Booth Marston

notions of the black populace (as nonproductive, pathologically degenerate, and/or disposable) are constructed and effectively normalized. These athletes’ carefully choreographed racial atypicality thus essentializes urban black populations and cultures, casting them as effects of a pathological indolence

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Karen McCormack

. References Albert , E. ( 1999 ). Dealing with danger: The normalization of risk in cycling . International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 34 ( 2 ), 157 – 171 . doi:10.1177/101269099034002005 10.1177/101269099034002005 Atencio , M. , Beal , B. , & Wilson , C. ( 2009 ). The distinction of

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Colin J. Lewis, Simon J. Roberts, Hazel Andrews and Rebecca Sawiuk

situation or laughing off the jokes rather than confronting or reporting the behavior, Stacey exhibits a common reaction to such a situation. As the scene in the bar escalates, Stacey is heard “asking . . . wanting . . . [and] begging for him to stop.” The story demonstrates how Tony appears to normalize

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Rachel Allison

. 3) that may normalize women’s athleticism, with whiteness, class privilege, and heterosexuality neutralizing the gender transgression of women’s competitive sports participation ( Banet-Weiser, 1999 ; McDonald, 2000 ; Musto & McGann, 2016 ). However, beyond studies of marketing and media imagery

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Maya Maor

-Canyon, 2016 ). Participants of this age group tend to suppress feelings, deny weakness, normalize pain; while men of older age groups (65 and up) are more likely to practice sports in a more moderate mode, displaying some sense of a relaxation of hegemonic masculinity ( Levy, Hollander, & Noy-Canyon, 2016

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Sarah Oxford and Fiona McLachlan

infrastructure: more than 58% of the population lives in insecure housing, and schools are economically disadvantaged and overcrowded (report withheld). Furthermore, violence is normalized as paramilitary groups, guerrillas, and gangs organize the neighborhood into contested territories, aggressively recruit

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Mark Norman, Katelyn Esmonde and Courtney Szto

). Glenn ( 2007 ) contended that the authority with which Burawoy could advocate for public sociology was possible because his intersecting forms of privilege (as a white male who is a full professor at a prestigious American university) are normalized within the discipline of sociology, and that ongoing

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Anne Tjønndal

in this case, to normalize and legitimize certain types of harassment and misuse of power in sport ( Fasting & Brackenridge, 2009 ). As indicated, these forms of exercise of power in coach leadership appear most often because of interrelated meanings of both gender and age ( Fasting & Pfister, 2000

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Jamie Cleland

have done, according to Toohey ( 2008 ), is to condition societies to more heightened levels of security and surveillance. Societies then subsequently become normalized to terrorism prevention, thus leading to the creation of a “safety state.” To illustrate this even further, following the attempted