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Noora J. Ronkainen, Amanda Shuman and Lin Xu

neoliberal discourses and middle-class values are normalized (see Hanold, 2010 ). This suggests that urban middle-class female runners in Shanghai largely make meaning of their running experiences through shared global narratives, rather than any particularly “Chinese” cultural discourse on health or

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Mark Norman, Katelyn Esmonde and Courtney Szto

). Glenn ( 2007 ) contended that the authority with which Burawoy could advocate for public sociology was possible because his intersecting forms of privilege (as a white male who is a full professor at a prestigious American university) are normalized within the discipline of sociology, and that ongoing

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Maya Maor

-Canyon, 2016 ). Participants of this age group tend to suppress feelings, deny weakness, normalize pain; while men of older age groups (65 and up) are more likely to practice sports in a more moderate mode, displaying some sense of a relaxation of hegemonic masculinity ( Levy, Hollander, & Noy-Canyon, 2016

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Nancy Quinn, Laura Misener and P. David Howe

was expressed by some parasport athletes during interviews in some spaces—at the poolside, in the cafeteria, walking the streets of The Village . Staring at the impaired body in these spaces was normalized by some athletes. Others spoke of greater bodily ease and comradery with competitors in

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Steve Booth Marston

notions of the black populace (as nonproductive, pathologically degenerate, and/or disposable) are constructed and effectively normalized. These athletes’ carefully choreographed racial atypicality thus essentializes urban black populations and cultures, casting them as effects of a pathological indolence

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Sarah Oxford and Fiona McLachlan

infrastructure: more than 58% of the population lives in insecure housing, and schools are economically disadvantaged and overcrowded (report withheld). Furthermore, violence is normalized as paramilitary groups, guerrillas, and gangs organize the neighborhood into contested territories, aggressively recruit

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Justin Leifso

political subjectivity of the Indigenous “other” ( Thobani, 2007 ). This despair, and efforts to overcome it, thus serve as what Rifkin ( 2011 ) calls settler structures of feeling, or those “particular affective formations among non-Natives [that] normalize settler presence, privilege and power ( Rifkin

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Karen McCormack

. References Albert , E. ( 1999 ). Dealing with danger: The normalization of risk in cycling . International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 34 ( 2 ), 157 – 171 . doi:10.1177/101269099034002005 10.1177/101269099034002005 Atencio , M. , Beal , B. , & Wilson , C. ( 2009 ). The distinction of

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Jamie Cleland

have done, according to Toohey ( 2008 ), is to condition societies to more heightened levels of security and surveillance. Societies then subsequently become normalized to terrorism prevention, thus leading to the creation of a “safety state.” To illustrate this even further, following the attempted

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Earl Smith and Angela J. Hattery

expropriation that has now become normalized as a routine activity inside the hip-hop and SportsWorld relationship ( Bukowski, 2008 ). The exploitation of the Black athlete has been examined thoroughly ( Edwards, 1969 ). There is extant literature on hip-hop and sports ( Francis, 2017 ), but there needs to be