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Philippe Richard, Lymperis P. Koziris, Mathieu Charbonneau, Catherine Naulleau, Jonathan Tremblay and François Billaut

.03 seconds and a coefficient of variation of less than 1% over distances longer than 30 m. Physiological Responses Heart rate (HR) was recorded at 5-second intervals during the time trials with a telemetric Polar Team 2 system (Polar Electro Canada, Montreal, Canada) and, for each race, a peak HR was

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Paul G. Montgomery and Brendan D. Maloney

league competing in exotic locations around the world, and has now been included in the 2020 Olympic Games. Given that 3 × 3 basketball is a relatively new sport, little is known regarding the physical and physiological responses of players during these games. There may be an assumption within the

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Pedro G. Morouço, Tiago M. Barbosa, Raul Arellano and João P. Vilas-Boas

Furthermore, it is also possible to diagnose potential bilateral asymmetries by the upper limbs. 19 Stroke rate (SR) and physiological responses are similar between tethered and free swimming, despite the active drag that the swimmer must overcome during free swimming. 14 Therefore, tethered swimming has

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Tiago Turnes, Rafael Penteado dos Santos, Rafael Alves de Aguiar, Thiago Loch, Leonardo Trevisol Possamai and Fabrizio Caputo

, exhibiting a breaking point representing the attenuation of the increase in [HHb] and the onset of a plateau-like response. 3 , 4 Because of its relationship with whole-body physiological responses, the [HHb] breaking point ([HHb]BP) has been compared with exercise intensity thresholds. 3 , 5 , 6 Some

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David Barranco-Gil, Lidia B. Alejo, Pedro L. Valenzuela, Jaime Gil-Cabrera, Almudena Montalvo-Pérez, Eduardo Talavera, Susana Moral-González, Vicente J. Clemente-Suárez and Alejandro Lucia

overall TT performance or in perceptual and physiological responses during the TT. Despite the traditional popularity of warming up in most sport disciplines, including endurance events, 1 – 3 some evidence questions its actual benefits on endurance performance. No significant warm-up benefits have

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Bent R. Rønnestad, Tue Rømer and Joar Hansen

speed on physiological responses during roller-ski skating in well-trained XC skiers. Methods Subjects A total of 11 well-trained 19 male skiers (age 23.5 [3.5] y, height 184 [6] cm, body mass 77.9 [7.2] kg, and peak oxygen consumption [VO 2 peak] 70.6 [5.7] mL·min −1 ·kg −1 ) competing in XC skiing or

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Jason R. Boynton, Fabian Danner, Paolo Menaspà, Jeremiah J. Peiffer and Chris R. Abbiss

low intensities (ie, below lactate threshold) coupled with short and intermittent bouts of high-intensity interval exercise or training (HIIT). 10 The influence of T A on performance and physiological response to such exercise is not well understood. Despite HIIT being a relatively small part of

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Jason P. Brandenburg and Luisa V. Giles

-rich fruit supplementation on endurance performance, none has used blueberries. Therefore, the objectives of the current study were to investigate the effects of blueberry supplementation on time-trial (TT) running performance, physiological responses to running, and short-term recovery. Markers of

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Guro Strøm Solli, Pål Haugnes, Jan Kocbach, Roland van den Tillaar, Per Øyvind Torvik and Øyvind Sandbakk

the related differences in pacing strategy and physiological responses. Methods Participants A total of 14 (8 men and 6 women; Table  1 ) national-level junior and senior Norwegian XC skiers volunteered to participate in this experiment that was conducted at the beginning of the competition season in

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Christian P. Cheung, Joshua T. Slysz and Jamie F. Burr

significant variability in the physiological response at a given intensity compared with cycling exercise. 20 Cycle ergometry could be advantageous for testing the physiological response to IPC, as it functions based on set power output (rpm × resistance) rather than a velocity, and exercise efficiency is