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Philippe Richard, Lymperis P. Koziris, Mathieu Charbonneau, Catherine Naulleau, Jonathan Tremblay and François Billaut

.03 seconds and a coefficient of variation of less than 1% over distances longer than 30 m. Physiological Responses Heart rate (HR) was recorded at 5-second intervals during the time trials with a telemetric Polar Team 2 system (Polar Electro Canada, Montreal, Canada) and, for each race, a peak HR was

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Pedro G. Morouço, Tiago M. Barbosa, Raul Arellano and João P. Vilas-Boas

Furthermore, it is also possible to diagnose potential bilateral asymmetries by the upper limbs. 19 Stroke rate (SR) and physiological responses are similar between tethered and free swimming, despite the active drag that the swimmer must overcome during free swimming. 14 Therefore, tethered swimming has

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Bent R. Rønnestad, Tue Rømer and Joar Hansen

speed on physiological responses during roller-ski skating in well-trained XC skiers. Methods Subjects A total of 11 well-trained 19 male skiers (age 23.5 [3.5] y, height 184 [6] cm, body mass 77.9 [7.2] kg, and peak oxygen consumption [VO 2 peak] 70.6 [5.7] mL·min −1 ·kg −1 ) competing in XC skiing or

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Tiago Turnes, Rafael Penteado dos Santos, Rafael Alves de Aguiar, Thiago Loch, Leonardo Trevisol Possamai and Fabrizio Caputo

, exhibiting a breaking point representing the attenuation of the increase in [HHb] and the onset of a plateau-like response. 3 , 4 Because of its relationship with whole-body physiological responses, the [HHb] breaking point ([HHb]BP) has been compared with exercise intensity thresholds. 3 , 5 , 6 Some

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David Barranco-Gil, Lidia B. Alejo, Pedro L. Valenzuela, Jaime Gil-Cabrera, Almudena Montalvo-Pérez, Eduardo Talavera, Susana Moral-González, Vicente J. Clemente-Suárez and Alejandro Lucia

performance or in perceptual and physiological responses during the TT. Despite the traditional popularity of warming up in most sport disciplines, including endurance events, 1 – 3 some evidence questions its actual benefits on endurance performance. No significant warm-up benefits have indeed been reported

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Jason R. Boynton, Fabian Danner, Paolo Menaspà, Jeremiah J. Peiffer and Chris R. Abbiss

low intensities (ie, below lactate threshold) coupled with short and intermittent bouts of high-intensity interval exercise or training (HIIT). 10 The influence of T A on performance and physiological response to such exercise is not well understood. Despite HIIT being a relatively small part of

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Jason P. Brandenburg and Luisa V. Giles

-rich fruit supplementation on endurance performance, none has used blueberries. Therefore, the objectives of the current study were to investigate the effects of blueberry supplementation on time-trial (TT) running performance, physiological responses to running, and short-term recovery. Markers of

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Guro Strøm Solli, Pål Haugnes, Jan Kocbach, Roland van den Tillaar, Per Øyvind Torvik and Øyvind Sandbakk

the related differences in pacing strategy and physiological responses. Methods Participants A total of 14 (8 men and 6 women; Table  1 ) national-level junior and senior Norwegian XC skiers volunteered to participate in this experiment that was conducted at the beginning of the competition season in

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Gustavo Monnerat, Alex S. Maior, Marcio Tannure, Lia K.F.C. Back and Caleb G.M. Santos

activity. This sport is one of the most popular sports worldwide, with 275 million participants of both genders in a wide range of ages. 3 , 4 It is well established that physical training–based interventions can lead to different physiologic responses depending on intraindividual characteristics. 5 , 6

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Christian P. Cheung, Joshua T. Slysz and Jamie F. Burr

significant variability in the physiological response at a given intensity compared with cycling exercise. 20 Cycle ergometry could be advantageous for testing the physiological response to IPC, as it functions based on set power output (rpm × resistance) rather than a velocity, and exercise efficiency is