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Khaya Morris-Binelli, Sean Müller and Peter Fadde

baseball batters (of single-A minor league level) and whether their scores were related to game batting statistics. They found a significant positive correlation between overall pitch type anticipation at the front-foot landing temporal occlusion (pre-ball release information) and base-on-balls (how often

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Toshimasa Yanai, Akifumi Matsuo, Akira Maeda, Hiroki Nakamoto, Mirai Mizutani, Hiroaki Kanehisa and Tetsuo Fukunaga

homeplate. Due to the short drop from the top of the mound, pitching off the mound exhibits distinct kinematic characteristics when compared with throwing from flat ground: delays in stride foot contact, 1 reduced time available for attaining key positions, 2 increased planter flexion angle of the stride

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Ignacio Perez-Pozuelo, Thomas White, Kate Westgate, Katrien Wijndaele, Nicholas J. Wareham and Soren Brage

to the description of orientation-related measures of human behavior using wrist-worn accelerometry, although they have been used in thigh-worn activity monitoring ( Steeves et al., 2015 ). Pitch and roll angles are examples of well-defined, biomechanically relevant, and easy-to-interpret signal

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Saud F. Alsubaie, Susan L. Whitney, Joseph M. Furman, Gregory F. Marchetti, Kathleen H. Sienko and Patrick J. Sparto

, moving the head in yaw or pitch directions) may be undertaken before determining the exercise prescription. To properly assess subjects’ performance during balance and vestibular exercises so that decisions can be made about progression of those exercises, the reliability of performance should be established

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Osamu Yanagisawa, Kenta Wakamatsu and Hidenori Taniguchi

The importance of lower-extremity function in baseball pitching is well recognized. In particular, the concern with hip function of baseball pitchers has been growing recently. The hip function is involved in the motion and stability of the pelvis, weight shift from a pivot leg (leg on the same

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Heita Goto and James A. King

variables include pitch size (area per player) ( 7 , 34 ), number of players ( 1 , 4 , 23 ), coach feedback ( 3 , 34 ), training regimen (continuous or interval) ( 9 , 24 ), rule modifications ( 21 ), use of goals and/or goalkeepers ( 10 ), and prior knowledge of exercise duration ( 12 ). Hence, many

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Juliana Hotta Ansai, Larissa Pires de Andrade, Paulo Giusti Rossi, Theresa Helissa Nakagawa, Francisco Assis Carvalho Vale and José Rubens Rebelatto

; Higashi et al., 2008 ). The sit-to-stand subtask was detected by the minimum and maximum angular velocities of trunk in pitch axis ( Salarian et al., 2010 ). In walking forward and walking back subtasks, the first step was detected by the linear velocity of heel and fifth metatarsal marker in the roll

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Simon A. Feros, Warren B. Young and Brendan J. O’Brien

delivery is also important. Accurate delivery refers to a ball that follows the fast bowler’s intended trajectory (line of ball flight, and length of where the ball lands on the pitch). 5 If fast bowlers can identify a batter’s technical faults, then an accurate delivery can result in a dismissal or

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Line D. Danielsen, Rune Giske, Derek M. Peters and Rune Høigaard

play. . . . [name of the player] had an aura and was self-confident, secure, and in addition, the player was brilliant on the pitch. (lower order: confidence; Participant 2) Collectivity Orientation. A basic collective attitude and understanding emerged as crucial. The coaches highlighted the

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Takeshi Hirano, Kazutoshi Kudo, Tatsuyuki Ohtsuki and Hiroshi Kinoshita

This study investigated activity of the embouchure-related orofacial muscles during pre- and postattack phases of sound production by 10 trained French-horn players. Surface electromyogram (EMG) from five selected facial muscles, and related facial skin kinematics were examined in relation to pitch and intensity of a tone produced. No difference in EMGs and facial kinematics between the two phases was found, indicating importance of appropriate formation of preattack embouchure. EMGs in all muscles during the postattack phase increased linearly with an increase in pitch, and they also increased with tone intensity without interacting with the pitch effect. Orofacial skin movement remained constant across all pitches and intensities except for lateral retraction of the lips during high-pitch tone production. Contraction of the orofacial muscles is fundamentally isometric by which tension on the lips and the cheeks is regulated for flexible sound parameter control.