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Jakob Tarp, Anna Bugge, Niels Christian Møller, Heidi Klakk, Christina Trifonov Rexen, Anders Grøntved and Niels Wedderkopp

adulthood 5 and to premature mortality. 6 Experimental evidence in adolescents indicates that engagement in resistance-based physical activity promotes muscle fitness, reduces adiposity indexes, and may improve insulin sensitivity compared to control conditions. 7 – 10 However, this data have limited

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Zakkoyya H. Lewis, Kyriakos S. Markides, Kenneth J. Ottenbacher and Soham Al Snih

rates. Investigators have found that an increase in PA or maintenance of a high PA level results in a more favorable mortality outcome compared with unchanged low levels of PA. 12 – 17 Furthermore, maintaining a low level of PA or decreasing PA over time increases the risk for premature death. 12 – 14

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Samuel G. Wittekind, Nicholas M. Edwards, Philip R. Khoury, Connie E. McCoy, Lawrence M. Dolan, Thomas R. Kimball and Elaine M. Urbina

elevated pulse wave velocity (PWV) and augmentation index (AIx), premature atherosclerosis in the form of increased carotid intima-medial thickness (CIMT), left ventricular hypertrophy, and impaired diastolic and systolic left ventricular function. Methods Study Population Adolescents and young adults with

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J.D. DeFreese, Michael J. Baum, Julianne D. Schmidt, Benjamin M. Goerger, Nikki Barczak, Kevin M. Guskiewicz and Jason P. Mihalik

Effectively managing concussion within sport represents an important public health concern, as failure to remove a symptomatic athlete from play and/or a decision to prematurely return a symptomatic athlete to play can result in a myriad of adverse health outcomes. 2 Concussions are best evaluated and

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Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, James F. Sallis, Justine Nabanoba, David Basangwa, Adewale L. Oyeyemi, Sandra S. Kasoma, Marc De Hert, Inez Myin-Germeys and James Mugisha

as risk factors for the development of communicable and noncommunicable diseases 3 – 7 ; contribute to accidental and nonaccidental injuries 8 ; lead to loss of productivity, food insecurity, and poverty 9 , 10 ; and ultimately result in a higher risk for premature mortality. 11 Despite the high

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Carrie S. Baker and Gary B. Wilkerson

higher level of job-related stress than males. One study found that pressure to return athletes to participation following a concussion was compounded when an AT concluded that return to play was premature and when the clinician was female. 5 Additionally, when asked about burnout and perceived wellness

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Konstantinos D. Tambalis, Stamatis Mourtakos and Labros S. Sidossis

environment in utero might provoke premature adaptations during fetal growth and development, leading to poorer offspring CRF in later life, through its exposure to elevated fetal leptin levels. It is considered that cord blood leptin is elevated in overweight mothers, and leptin controls fetal growth and

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Michal Wilk, Michal Krzysztofik, Milosz Drozd and Adam Zajac

with respect to medium and slow movement tempos. It can be assumed that the change in the tempo of movement and, consequently, the duration of work may affect the level of muscle exhaustion and, consequently, premature postexercise fatigue, even when the number of repetitions performed is equal. The

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Shirit Kamil-Rosenberg, Mary L. Greaney, Tsivia Hochman and Carol Ewing Garber

). Yet, recent data suggest that the prevalence of disability and premature death is declining among older adults ( Crimmins, 2004 ; Freedman et al., 2013 ) but increasing among middle-aged adults ( Bhattacharya, Choudhry, & Lakdawalla, 2008 ; Case & Deaton, 2015 ; Martin, Freedman, Schoeni

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Gabrielle Stubblefield, Jeffrey Tilly and Kathy Liu

laxity of the joint. Premature RTP may not provide enough time to treat acute sensorimotor deficits and may explain why lingering symptoms after an acute LAS are common. Altered mechanical characteristics, such as increased joint stiffness, are one of the persistent symptoms after a LAS. 10 Using an