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Moise Muzigaba, Tracy L. Kolbe-Alexander and Fiona Wong


Facility-based and context-specific interventions to promote physical activity (PA) among pregnant women from economically underprivileged communities remain sparse and undocumented in South Africa. This study aimed to generate information about pregnant women’s views and experiences of PA during pregnancy, which will later be used to inform the development of a PA-based intervention targeting this group.


Qualitative methods were used and framed on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). Five focus group discussions were conducted at a Community Health Centre in Cape Town, each comprising a stratified random sample of between 8 and 6 pregnant women living in eight low socioeconomic status communities close to the facility. The participants included primi- and multigravida black and mixed racial ancestry women at different stages of pregnancy. Data were analyzed using a Framework approach.


PA was considered important for self and the baby for most participants. However, they reported a number of barriers for translating intentions into action including the lack of supportive environment, fear of hurting oneself and the growing baby, lack of time due to work and family responsibilities, and not knowing which and how much PA is safe to do. Some of the incentives to engage in PA included establishing community-based group exercise clubs, initiating antenatal PA education and PA sessions during antenatal visits.


Based on our findings the need for an intervention to promote PA in pregnancy is evident. Such an intervention should, however, aim at addressing barriers reported in this study, particularly those related to the behavioral context.

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Ang Chen

should try to formulate new topics and decide on one that could be developed into my own line of research for the future. She also suggested strongly that I needed to “retool” my research skills by using qualitative methods in the dissertation study so that I would improve on using these methods

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John N. Singer, Sally Shaw, Larena Hoeber, Nefertiti Walker, Kwame J. A. Agyemang and Kyle Rich

Outside the Field John: Let’s shift towards some of the work that has most influenced you, and that perhaps other scholars in the room might benefit from. We’ll start with Larena! Larena: Great thanks. First I’ll just state I’m a qualitative methods junkie. I love reading about qualitative methods. So

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Pirkko Markula

materialists engage in conceptual readings (e.g.,  Coole & Frost, 2010 ), some discuss how qualitative methods can correspond with the theoretical advances to transcend the humanist ways of gathering research data. For example, Fox and Alldred ( 2017 ) suggested “re-engineering” methodology for the purposes of

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Israel Halperin

. Harper LD , McCunn R . “Hand in Glove”: using qualitative methods to connect research and practice . Int J Sports Physiol Perform . 2017 ; 12 ( 7 ): 990 – 993 . PubMed ID: 28714750 doi:10.1123/ijspp.2017-0081 10.1123/ijspp.2017-0081 6. Hinyard LJ , Kreuter MW . Using narrative communication

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Amelia Mays Woods and Suzan F. Ayers

specifically, in Chapter 4, they provide an overview of the quantitative and qualitative methods used to investigate PETE program coordinators’ perceptions of preservice physical education teacher recruitment and retention. This chapter defines the study participants, the development of the survey and

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Maureen R. Weiss, Lindsay E. Kipp, Alison Phillips Reichter, Sarah M. Espinoza and Nicole D. Bolter

). Researchers with training and experience in qualitative methods independently read transcriptions and coded narrative to serve as data units. They met to discuss and reach consensus on data units to include in subsequent steps. Data units with similar meaning were combined to form lower-order themes and

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Lindsey Brett, Victoria Traynor, Paul Stapley and Shahla Meedya

reversing or slowing the physical decline of individuals living with dementia in nursing homes. To understand why physical exercise levels are low in nursing homes it is important to consider how physical exercise is perceived and whether it is feasible in this setting. Using qualitative methods, a deeper

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Carolee Winstein

and information. It is our view that future rehabilitation research including clinical trials will need to seamlessly incorporate patient values, goals, perspectives, and capacity into the trial design and outcomes. Integration of quantitative and qualitative methods into the next generation of

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Carol M. Vos, Denise M. Saint Arnault, Laura M. Struble, Nancy A. Gallagher and Janet L. Larson

and validity in qualitative research . International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 1 ( 2 ), 13 – 22 . doi:10.1177/160940690200100202 10.1177/160940690200100202 Moustakas , C. ( 1994 ). Phenomenological research methods . Thousand Oaks, CA : Sage Publications, Inc. 10