confidence to be gained in the findings, it is critical in a qualitative study to undertake procedures to enhance the credibility and trustworthiness of the gathered data and subsequent analysis. Lincoln and Guba ( 1985 ) proposed several strategies that have become an accepted standard for confirming the
Paul G. Schempp and Sophie Woorons
was appropriate to this study as giving primacy to girls’ understanding of their experience and influences enables direct feedback that can be applied to future efforts to engage girls in sport. Interviewing is the primary method of data collection in a qualitative study as it allows for a rich, thick
A.P. (Karin) de Bruin and Raôul R.D. Oudejans
relation to both the predominant athletic body ideals and the body ideals in general society ( Loland, 1999 ). Qualitative studies into contextual body image have shown that athletes often experience different levels of body satisfaction in the athletic and social contexts, also referred to as the
Anna Gerke and Yan Dalla Pria
theory. Methods This qualitative study compares two clusters from the sailing industry to two clusters from the surfing industry. A multiple case study with pairs of similar case studies permits theory development through literal and theoretical replication. Similar results among similar cases strengthen
This paper is derived from a qualitative study that examined the effects of orientation ceremonies as a replacement for traditional hazing in university sport. The study sought to explore the efficacy of alternative orientation activities that included cooperative games, purposeful team building activities, and informal interaction with the coach. Researchers concluded that, in many instances, the new orientation practice was found to be an effective replacement for traditional forms of entry rituals, as the former created a deeper sense of cohesion, forging a stronger bond among players and coaches who opted to participate.
Stephanie M. Mazerolle, Emily Sterling and Jim Mench
Women athletic trainers leave the profession of athletic training after the age of 28. The reasons appear complex, but are not well defined in the literature, as many studies examine intent, not actual attrition. We used a descriptive qualitative study with a general inductive approach. Twelve females (4 single with no children, 5 married with children, and 3 married with no children) who left the profession of athletic training between the ages of 28 and 35 participated. Attrition from athletic training for our participants was triggered by organizational, individual, and sociocultural factors. These can be broken down to four main themes of family values, work-life imbalance, sexism, and financial concerns.
Samuel R. Hodge, Deborah Tannehill and Mary Ann Kluge
This phenomenological qualitative study explored the meaning of practicum experiences for physical education teacher education (PETE) students. Participants were 10 PETE students majoring in teaching and enrolled in an introductory adapted physical education course with an inclusion-based practicum requirement. Data were collected from participants’ self-reflective journals and analyzed using thematic analysis procedures (Giorgi, 1985). Eleven themes emerged that reflected the meaning of practicum experiences for these students. Our findings suggest that journaling provides a medium for PETE students to identify issues, address problems, and think critically about best practices.
Erika Hunt and Sandra Short
To study athletes perceptions of adhesive ankle taping.
A qualitative study where athletes were interviewed regarding adhesive ankle taping.
The University of North Dakota in Grand Forks, ND, USA.
Eleven collegiate athletes, all currently taping their ankles, representative of three groups: recent injury, past injury, and no prior injury.
Taping resulted in feelings of increased confidence, increased strength, and decreased anxiety for injury or reinjury. Differences were found in responses given by the participants in the three groups.
Taping has a psychological impact on athletes. Athletic trainers should make sure they educate athletes about the uses and functions of adhesive tape.
Michelle Grenier, Karen Collins, Steven Wright and Catherine Kearns
The purpose of this qualitative study was to assess the effectiveness of a disability sport unit in shaping perceptions of disability. Data from interviews, observations, and documents were collected on 87 elementary-aged students, one physical education teacher, and one teaching intern. Comparisons were drawn between fifth graders engaged in a five-week disability sport unit to fourth graders participating in their standard physical education curriculum. Findings revealed differences in the way fourth and fifth graders came to view individuals with disabilities. The results support an analysis of curriculum development that underscores the significance of the social model in positively impacting constructions of disability. Recommendations include the use of disability sports in physical education as an effective strategy for educating students in game play, knowledge of the Paralympics, and the inclusion of individuals with disabilities in a variety of sporting venues.
Fung Kuen Koo
This qualitative study explores how older Hong Kong Chinese Australians perceive aging and to what extent this perception affects their participation in physical activities. The main methods used were in-depth interviews with 22 participants ranging in age from 60 to 91 years. Interviews were translated from Chinese (Cantonese) and transcribed into English. Content analysis was used to find recurring themes from the interview data. The main findings indicate that the perception of aging is to some extent influenced by culture. Some participants defined aging as being measured in years, and others defined it by the state of one’s physical health, appearance, and capacity to continue fulfilling one’s social roles. These perceptions strongly influenced their preferences for and participation in physical activities. Acknowledging the fact that Chinese-speaking people are not culturally homogeneous, this article makes some recommendations to health service providers with regard to the development of appropriate physical activity programs.