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Kari Roethlisberger, Vista Beasley, Jeffrey Martin, Brigid Byrd, Krista Munroe-Chandler and Irene Muir

may be more committed and enjoy sport if significant others (i.e., parents, teammates, siblings) are perceived to possess pro-feminine gender activity stereotype beliefs about the sport. In brief, there is a need to identify sport-specific predictors of girls’ sport commitment and sport enjoyment

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Bradley Donohue, Marina Galante, Julia Maietta, Bern Lee, Nina Paul, Joanne E. Perry, Arianna Corey and Daniel N. Allen

-focused mental health assessment needs ( Comeaux, Bachman, Burton, & Aliyeva, 2017 ; Donohue et al., 2014 ; Etzel & Watson, 2007 ), warranting development of sport-specific psychometrically validated mental health screening tools, such as the Athlete Psychological Strain Questionnaire ( Rice et al., 2019

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Sabrina Skorski, Iñigo Mujika, Laurent Bosquet, Romain Meeusen, Aaron J. Coutts and Tim Meyer

training are considered beneficial, as they can facilitate an athlete’s readiness for further training or competition. Planning and implementation of specific recovery interventions to improve sport-specific performance recovery can be complex. As outlined previously, a myriad of physiological systems are

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Darren Steeves, Leo J. Thornley, Joshua A. Goreham, Matthew J. Jordan, Scott C. Landry and Jonathon R. Fowles

confers a long lever arm around which rotation can occur and against which muscles can be stabilized as they contract. 11 , 12 Trunk strength is important in athletic performance, and strong evidence exists linking isometric strength to dynamic sport-specific performance. 13 – 15 Blazevich 16 points to

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Daniel Birrer

triggers ( Meeusen et al., 2013 ). Because overtraining is a phenomenon of excessive sporting behavior, the most certain trigger is a training-recovery miscalculation together with other sport-specific causes (see Table  2 ). However, as shown in Table  2 , the apparent multifactorial etiology of NFOR and

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Claire-Marie Roberts

state anxiety. Although the breadth of sport psychology interventions for the management of precompetitive state anxiety is well-documented, understanding the personal and sport-specific variables associated with the individual’s competitive state anxiety is of fundamental importance to ensure that the

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Gabriel Andrade Paz, Lohanne Almeida, Larissa Ruiz, Sabrina Casseres, Giovanna Xavier, João Lucas, Haroldo Gualter Santana, Humberto Miranda, Scott Bonnette and Jeffrey Willardson

competitions, and sport-specific training. 2 Although the squat, and its variations, are widely adopted to strengthen the lower-limb musculature, 3 , 4 its role in injury prevention and in whole-body movement patterns is not fully understood. The proper mechanics and muscle activation patterns during the

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Gretchen D. Oliver, Jessica K. Washington, Sarah S. Gascon, Hillary A. Plummer, Rafael F. Escamilla and James R. Andrews

generalizable across all overhead-throwing athletes. The fatiguing protocol may not have been sport-specific enough or taxing enough on the hip abductors to elicit differences in overhead-throwing kinematics to elicit differences. The fatiguing protocol examined was selected because it could be standardized

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Mohamed S. Fessi, Fayçal Farhat, Alexandre Dellal, James J. Malone and Wassim Moalla

. The validity and reliability of GPS units for measuring distance in team sport specific running patterns . Int J Sports Physiol Perform . 2010 ; 5(3) : 328 – 341 . PubMed doi:10.1123/ijspp.5.3.328 10.1123/ijspp.5.3.328 24. Foster C , Florhaug JA , Franklin J , et al . A new approach to

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Diane L. Gill, Betty C. Kelley, Jeffrey J. Martin and Christina M. Caruso

We compared two sport-specific measures of competitive orientation, the Sport Orientation Questionnaire (SOQ; Gill & Deeter, 1988) and the Competitive Orientation Inventory (COI; Vealey, 1986), and an alternative 4-item version of the COL Male and female athletes and nonathletes at two small colleges completed questionnaire packets. Competitive-orientation scores were similar to those reported in previous research. The 4-item measure correlated with the COI, and neither of those measures correlated with the SOQ. As in previous studies, males scored higher than females on SOQ competitiveness and win orientation, and athletes scored higher than nonathletes on all SOQ scores. Our results suggest that the SOQ and COI do not assess the same competitive-orientation constructs. The SOQ assesses sport-specific achievement orientation; the COI assesses the relative importance of performance versus outcome. Our 4-item measure is comparable and provides a reasonable substitute for the more complex COI.