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Rachel L. Wright, Joseph W. Bevins, David Pratt, Catherine M. Sackley and Alan M. Wing

transfer of the center of mass (COM) to the paretic limb during the stance is associated with slower walking speeds. 7 Asymmetry in weight-bearing is associated with bone mineral density loss in the paretic femoral neck, 8 , 9 and stroke is associated with an increased risk of hip/femur fracture, with 80

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Jinkyu Lee, Yong-Jin Yoon and Choongsoo S. Shin

have not found a significant relationship. 5 , 8 Thus, GRFs are important parameters to be analyzed in studies on the effect of load carriage. The stance time increased with load carriage during level walking, and it has been suggested that participants intentionally increased stance time in order

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Adam E. Jagodinsky, Rebecca Angles, Christopher Wilburn and Wendi H. Weimar

during the stance phase. 22 The support moment includes the contribution of the sagittal plane ankle, knee, and hip moments and has been shown to be strongly correlated with the magnitude of vertically projected ground reaction forces (GRFs) during gait. 23 The mechanism of a lateral ankle sprain

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Roel De Ridder, Julien Lebleu, Tine Willems, Cedric De Blaiser, Christine Detrembleur and Philip Roosen

(meter per second), cadence (steps per minute), stride length (meters), stride duration (seconds), stance duration (percentage of gait cycle [%GC]), swing duration (%GC), double support (%GC), and single support (%GC). Data Analysis and Statistics Based on comparison with the GAITRite ® sensor system

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Kristi Edgar, Aimee Appel, Nicholas Clay, Adam Engelsgjerd, Lauren Hill, Eric Leeseberg, Allison Lyle and Erika Nelson-Wong

velocity and cadence in patients with SIJD. 28 Another study reported SIJ bracing resulted in reduced gluteus maximus (GMax) reaction times during a unilateral stance task in patients with SIJD compared with asymptomatic individuals. In the same study, increased GMax activation in both SIJD patients and

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Abbigail Ristow, Matthew Besch, Drew Rutherford and Thomas W. Kernozek

PFJCA was based on knee-flexion angle: PF   contact area ( x ) = 0.0781 x 2 + 0.6763 x + 151.75 . (3) To determine PFJS, the PFJRF was divided by PFJCA for each data point during the stance phase of the hop. The following discrete variables were determined for each hop cadence: peak PFJS, PFJRF, PFJRF

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Michelle R. Tanel, Tyler B. Weaver and Andrew C. Laing

-static balance control) by maintaining our center of mass (COM) within our base of support. Common metrics of quasi-static balance control (ie, postural steadiness) can be derived from underfoot center of pressure (COP) measures during quiet standing, 8 and different stance configurations (ie, double leg

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Kimmery Migel and Erik Wikstrom

to contribute to aberrant gait biomechanics observed in those with CAI. More specifically, those with CAI demonstrate excessive inversion at heel strike and throughout stance as well as excessive inversion and plantar flexion in the swing phase of gait. 2 These impairments increase the risk of

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Ben Langley, Nick Knight and Stewart C. Morrison

studies have compared discrete variables extracted from stance phase kinematics between healthy and MTSS or injured populations. More advanced statistical methods, such as statistical parametric mapping (SPM), enable the comparison of kinematic waveforms, in turn providing a more in-depth comparison of

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Nicholas Tam, Ross Tucker, Jordan Santos-Concejero, Danielle Prins and Robert P. Lamberts

GRF resultant vector and the leg axis during stance, leg stiffness, and stride angles did show good relationships with running economy. 13 , 14 In addition to these biomechanical features, certain neuromuscular factors controlling movement initiation and regulation, such as muscle activation during