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Rachael L. Thurecht and Fiona E. Pelly

values and beliefs If the food aligns with my values for animal welfare (i.e., no animal products/vegan, cruelty-free raised animals) −0.02 0.01 0.06 −0.14 −0.19 0.05 0.79 −0.02 −0.13 0.71 My religious food beliefs −0.03 0.04 −0.01 0.06 0.20 −0.01 0.79 −0.21 0.08 0.72 If the food is sustainably produced

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Kim Beals, Katherine A. Perlsweig, John E. Haubenstriker, Mita Lovalekar, Chris P. Beck, Darcie L. Yount, Matthew E. Darnell, Katelyn Allison and Bradley C. Nindl

food/fluids to support the high demand of operational training in the cold. Combining sustained training missions with challenging environmental conditions and inadequate fueling may exacerbate physiological and musculoskeletal stress and predispose students to early onset fatigue and injury. Energy

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Christopher C. Webster, Jeroen Swart, Timothy D. Noakes and James A. Smith

this demonstrates that carbohydrate was being effectively absorbed from the gut, it suggests that the additional glucose was being oxidized because of its availability rather than because it was required for sustained energy production. 11 , 12 Figure 2 —Substrate oxidation rates. Rates of fat and

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environmental factors such as raw material availability and economic variables is a necessity for business people, entrepreneurs, or managers. Adaptation is believed to be compulsory for business sustainability and likely reduces the risk of suffering an organizational crisis. In elite sports, practitioners

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Simon J. MacLeod, Chris Hagan, Mikel Egaña, Jonny Davis and David Drake

sessions and weekly matches. Microtechnology units now obtain detailed information on collision-specific actions easily evaluating the load sustained in collisions. Although studies have succeeded in quantifying the collision demands of collision sports using microtechnology, 12 – 14 none have correlated

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Theo Ouvrard, Alain Groslambert, Gilles Ravier, Sidney Grosprêtre, Philippe Gimenez and Frederic Grappe

distracted from their perceived exertion and can therefore sustain higher exercise intensities. This new knowledge about attentional focus is also in line with recent psychophysiological models of endurance performance, 10 – 12 which show that the athlete’s effort is directly influenced by psychological

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Robert MacKenzie, Linda Monaghan, Robert A. Masson, Alice K. Werner, Tansinee S. Caprez, Lynsey Johnston and Ole J. Kemi

subdiscipline. 1 The safe and controlled environment of fixed protection (bolts or topropes) of sport climbing allows a full focus on athletic and gymnastic challenges, 2 , 3 and as such, it is characterized by sustained, repetitive, and complex bouts of intense upward motion that tax physical capacity in the

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Trent Stellingwerff, James P. Morton and Louise M. Burke

individual endogenous (i.e., muscle and liver glycogen) and exogenous CHO (i.e., CHO consumed before and/or during exercise) that is available to sustain the required training or racing intensity and duration ( Impey et al., 2018 ). According to this definition, it is possible to have insufficient CHO

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Ida S. Svendsen, Espen Tønnesen, Leif Inge Tjelta and Stein Ørn

sustained for 1 minute defined as maximal aerobic power (MAP). Statistical Analyses Data are presented as mean (SD). An independent 1-way analysis of variance was used to determine whether there were significant differences between groups for any of the variables. Normality and equality of variance were

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Billy T. Hulin, Tim J. Gabbett, Nathan J. Pickworth, Rich D. Johnston and David G. Jenkins

collected. Over preseason and inseason phases, HR submax was used. Statistical Analysis Workload–Injury Associations Injury risk was calculated as the number of injuries sustained relative to the number of exposures to each classification. 7 – 9 A binary logistic regression model with injury/no injury as